Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Men's shot put
|Men's shot put
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
|Venue||Helsinki Olympic Stadium|
|Dates||21 July (qualifying and final)|
|Athletics at the
1952 Summer Olympics
|80 m hurdles||women|
|110 m hurdles||men|
|400 m hurdles||men|
|4×100 m relay||men||women|
|4×400 m relay||men|
|10 km walk||men|
|50 km walk||men|
The men's shot put event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. The competition was held on 21 July at Helsinki Olympic Stadium. The finals were swept by the United States, with Americans Parry O'Brien taking the gold medal, Darrow Hooper earning silver and Jim Fuchs receiving his second consecutive bronze medal in the event.
While recuperating from surgery to deal with a knee injury, Fuchs developed a technique he called "the sideways glide" which enabled him to compete without pain and gain greater distance on his tosses. Fuchs, who was the world record holder at the time of the games, was nursing a pulled ligament in his right hand, which interfered with his ability to compete. In the years after his bronze medal performance at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, Fuchs was the best shot putter in the world, winning 88 consecutive meets and setting four world records in a stretch of 14 months.
Using a technique that became known as the "O'Brien glide", Parry O'Brien broke Fuchs's consecutive meet winning streak and started a streak of his own that ran from July 1952 to June 1956 in which he won 116 consecutive meets and set 17 world records, in addition to becoming the first person to break through the distances of 18 meters, 60 feet and 19 meters. Parry would go on to repeat his gold medal performance at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and win a silver medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, before falling just out of the medals in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
Hooper beat both O'Brien and Fuchs in the 1952 Final Trials with a throw of 17.41m (57–1⅝), a distance that would have won him a gold medal if he had been able to repeat it in Helsinki. In the first round of the final O'Brien reached a distance of 17.41 (57–1½), which gave him the lead, holding on until the final round when Hooper's 17.39 (57–0¾) put him just two centimeters short of a gold medal.
Qualification: Qualifying Performance 14.60 (Q) advance to the Final.
|1||Parry O'Brien||United States||16.05|
|2||Oto Grigalka||Soviet Union||15.90|
|4||Darrow Hooper||United States||15.48|
|5||Jim Fuchs||United States||15.29|
|7||Georgy Fyodorov||Soviet Union||15.16|
|12||John Savidge||Great Britain||14.89|
|16||Ramón Rosario||Puerto Rico||14.21|
|19||John Giles||Great Britain||13.73|
WR world record | AR area record | CR championship record | GR games record | NR national record | OR Olympic record | PB personal best | SB season best | WL world leading (in a given season)
DNF = did not finish | DNS = did not start | DQ = disqualification | NM = no mark (i.e. no valid result) | Q = qualification by place in heat | q = qualification by overall place
|Parry O'Brien||United States||17.41||17.21||16.79||16.87||17.12||16.53||17.41||OR|
|Darrow Hooper||United States||17.02||16.59||17.08||16.90||16.93||17.39||17.39|
|Jim Fuchs||United States||16.93||x||x||x||17.06||x||17.06|
|4||Oto Grigalka||Soviet Union||16.53||16.78||15.91||16.27||16.29||16.33||16.78|
|6||John Savidge||Great Britain||16.17||16.18||x||16.19||16.03||x||16.19|
|7||Georgy Fyodorov||Soviet Union||15.98||16.01||16.06||16.06|
Key: OR = Olympic record
- Danzig, Allison. "4 Olympic Titles Won By U. S.; Soviet Leads; United States Takes Four Track and Field Tests Before 55,000 at Olympics REMIGINO WINS 100 IN BLANKET FINISH At the Olympics: A Photo Finish, a Grand-Slam Presentation and a Pole Vault Qualifier", The New York Times, 22 July 1952. Accessed 19 October 2010.
- Douglas, Martin. "James E. Fuchs, Shot-Put Innovator, Dies at 82", The New York Times, 17 October 2010. Accessed 18 October 2010
- Elliott, Helene. "Parry O'Brien, 75; champion revolutionized shotput throw", Los Angeles Times, 23 April 2007. Accessed 19 October 2010.
- Parry O'Brien, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.
- Darrow Hooper, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.
- Athletics at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Shot Put, SportsReference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.
- Jim Fuchs, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed 19 October 2010.