Athletics at the 1980 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump

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Athletics at the
1980 Summer Olympics
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The Men's Triple Jump event at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union had an entry list of 23 competitors, with two qualifying groups (23 jumpers) before the final (12) took place on Friday, July 25, 1980. The top twelve and ties, and all those reaching 16.55 metres advanced to the final. The qualification round was held on Thursday, July 24, 1980.

The Soviet Union's Jaak Uudmäe and Viktor Saneyev won the first two places, ahead of Brazil's world record holder João Carlos de Oliveira. Both de Oliveira and Australia's Ian Campbell produced long jumps, but they were declared fouls by the officials and not measured; in Campbell's case, his longest jump was ruled a "scrape foul", with his trailing leg touching the track during the jump. Campbell insisted he hadn't scraped, and it was alleged the officials intentionally threw out his and de Oliveira's best jumps to favor the Soviets, similarly to a number of other events.

Competition[edit]

Qualification[edit]

The favorites included João Carlos de Oliveira, the Brazilian who held the world record and had won bronze four years earlier in Montreal, as well as Ian Campbell of Australia, Keith Connor of Great Britain, and the Soviet Union's Jaak Uudmäe and Yevgeni Anikin; all of these jumpers had exceeded 17 m earlier in the year.[1] 34-year-old Viktor Saneyev, the third Soviet jumper, was the defending champion from the 1968, 1972 and 1976 Olympics, but came in with a season best of only 16.78.[1]

All of these athletes qualified for the final; Campbell led with a first-round jump of 17.02, the only athlete to clear 17 metres.[1][2][3] He was followed by the other Australian, Ken Lorraway, with 16.80 m.

Final[edit]

De Oliveira led after round one with 16.96, followed by Saneyev; Campbell had by far the longest jump of the round, but it was declared a foul.[1] Uudmäe improved to third place in round two and then took the lead in round three with 17.35, his personal best; de Oliveira had his best measured jump, 17.22, immediately after this, and Saneyev improved to 17.04 to finish the round.[1] In the remaining rounds, both Campbell and de Oliveira produced jumps that were long enough to overtake Uudmäe, but they were fouls and therefore not measured; neither of them recorded a mark after round three. The competition ended with Saneyev as the last jumper of the sixth and final round; he jumped 17.24, his best since the 1976 Olympics, to overtake de Oliveira for silver.[1]

Controversy[edit]

After the first day of athletics at the 1980 Olympics – July 24, the day of the triple jump qualification – Adriaan Paulen, the head of the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF), had agreed to pull all IAAF inspectors from the field, leaving Soviet officials to judge all events without outside supervision.[1][4] Allegations that the Soviets abused this situation to favor their own athletes started with the triple jump final and continued through the week, resulting in the IAAF inspectors returning for the final days.[4][5]

Both Campbell and de Oliveira jumped beyond Uudmäe's leading mark more than once, but all of these jumps were declared fouls despite their protests.[1][5] One of Campbell's jumps, perhaps the longest in the competition,[5] was ruled a "scrape" foul: the officials claimed his trailing leg had touched the track during the step phase, which was against the rules.[1][6] Campbell insisted he hadn't scraped, stating it was impossible to scrape and still jump that far.[1][6] Campbell's first jump, also a potential winner, was declared a normal foul; the Australian said he demanded to see the plasticine after the jump, and while there was a mark on it as expected after a foul, it was on the wrong side to have been produced by his take-off foot.[3][6] The foul rulings on de Oliveira's longest jumps were also controversial, with both outside observers and de Oliveira himself feeling at least some, if not all, of those jumps should have been valid.[4][5] Whether Campbell or de Oliveira had the longest jump in the competition is unclear.[4][6]

The behavior of the Soviet audience, which whistled loudly during de Oliveira's jumps, also received negative attention,[1][4] though the crowd did applaud de Oliveira after he shook hands with the board judges.[1]

Mizuno allegations[edit]

Australian journalist Roy Masters has claimed the competition was not simply one part of a wider pattern of Soviet officials favoring the home team, but was specifically rigged so that Soviet jumpers with Mizuno shoes would win.[3][6] According to Masters, Mizuno had been snubbed during the torch relay, and the organizers attempted to make up for it by fixing the triple jump.[3][6]

Medalists[edit]

Gold  Jaak Uudmäe
Soviet Union (URS)
Silver  Viktor Saneyev
Soviet Union (URS)
Bronze  João Carlos de Oliveira
Brazil (BRA)

Abbreviations[edit]

  • All results shown are in metres
Q automatic qualification
q qualification by rank
DNS did not start
NM no mark
OR olympic record
WR world record
AR area record
NR national record
PB personal best
SB season best

Records[edit]

Standing records prior to the 1980 Summer Olympics
World Record  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) 17.89 m October 15, 1975 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
Olympic Record  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 17.39 m October 17, 1968 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico

Qualification[edit]

Group A[edit]

Rank Overall Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3
1 1  Ian Campbell (AUS) 17.02 17.02 m
2 4  Jaak Uudmäe (URS) 16.03 16.69 16.69 m
3 6  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 16.57 16.57 m
4 10  Béla Bakosi (HUN) 15.99 16.45 16.22 16.45 m
5 12  Atanas Chochev (BUL) 16.20 16.42 16.17 16.42 m
6 13  Ramón Cid (ESP) 16.20 X 16.04 16.20 m
7 14  Mujhid Fahad Khalifa (IRQ) X 15.77 15.86 15.86 m
8 15  Abdoulaye Diallo (SEN) X 15.51 15.68 15.68 m
9 17  Bogger Mushanga (ZAM) 14.79 14.79 m
 Olli Pousi (FIN) X NM
 Alejandro Herrera (CUB) X NM

Group B[edit]

Rank Overall Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3
1 2  Ken Lorraway (AUS) 15.84 16.29 16.80 16.80 m
2 3  Yevgeni Anikin (URS) 16.77 16.77 m
3 5  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) X 16.62 16.62 m
4 6  Keith Connor (GBR) 16.57 16.57 m
5 8  Armando Herrera (CUB) 16.26 X 16.49 16.49 m
6 9  Milan Spasojević (YUG) 16.21 16.48 16.48 m
7 11  Christian Valetudie (FRA) 15.99 16.43 16.39 16.43 m
8 16  Zdzisław Hoffmann (POL) X 15.35 15.28 15.35 m
9 18  Henri Dagba (BEN) X 13.64 14.71 14.71 m
10 19  Dương Đức Thủy (VIE) 14.51 14.19 14.59 14.59 m
11 20  Arthure Agathine (SEY) X 13.99 14.21 14.21 m
12 21  Yadessa Kuma (ETH) 13.49 13.60 X 13.60 m

Final[edit]

Rank Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3 4 5 6
1st  Jaak Uudmäe (URS) X 16.83 17.35 X 17.08 17.28 17.35 m
2nd  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 16.85 16.53 17.04 X 17.07 17.24 17.24 m
3rd  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) 16.96 X 17.22 X X X 17.22 m
4  Keith Connor (GBR) 16.32 16.64 16.51 16.87 14.54 16.48 16.87 m
5  Ian Campbell (AUS) X 16.72 X X X X 16.72 m
6  Atanas Chochev (BUL) 16.12 16.55 X X 16.56 16.56 m
7  Béla Bakosi (HUN) X 16.28 16.11 16.47 16.03 15.77 16.47 m
8  Ken Lorraway (AUS) 16.12 16.44 16.20 16.40 15.70 16.44 m
9  Yevgeni Anikin (URS) 16.12 15.75 X 16.12 m
10  Milan Spasojević (YUG) 16.09 16.08 15.93 16.09 m
11  Armando Herrera (CUB) 15.90 X 16.03 16.03 m
 Christian Valetudie (FRA) X X X NM

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Siukonen, Markku; et al. (1980). Urheilutieto 5 (in Finnish). Oy Scandia Kirjat Ab. pp. 363–364. ISBN 951-9466-20-7. 
  2. ^ "Athletics at the 1980 Moskva Summer Games: Men's Triple Jump Qualifying Round". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "The forgotten story of Ian Campbell". The Guardian. August 7, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Dunaway, James (July 20, 2008). "In 1980, the Soviets Turned the Olympics Into the Games of Shame". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Suomalainen näkökulma Moskovan olympiakisoihin sanomalehdistössä kesällä 1980" (PDF) (in Finnish). Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Lane, Tim (August 18, 2013). "Cheating the only conclusion you can jump to". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved November 15, 2014.