At the 1986 Goodwill Games, the athletics competition was held in July 1986 at the Olympic Stadium in Moscow, Soviet Union. A total of 42 events were contested, of which 23 by male and 19 by female athletes. Keeping in line with the tone of the competition, the United States and Soviet Union were the major protagonists in the athletics events. The Soviet Union topped the medal table with 17 golds and 61 medals altogether while the United States was the runner-up with 15 golds and 33 medals overall. Three Eastern bloc countries (Bulgaria, East Germany and Romania) were the only other nations to win more than two medals.