Athletics in upstate New York
Upstate New York is a storied region in North American athletics.
Although now largely discredited, the report of the 1905-1907 Mills Commission, charged with investigating the origins of baseball, named Cooperstown as the place where baseball was invented in the 1830s or 1840s by Abner Doubleday. Cooperstown is the home of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.
Major league teams
Upstate New York was once the home of major league sports teams such as the Troy Trojans and the Syracuse Stars of the National League, the Rochester Royals and the Syracuse Nationals of the National Basketball Association, the Buffalo Blues of the short-lived baseball Federal League and several teams of various sports named the Buffalo Bisons.[clarification needed]
Rochester boasts three top-level teams in sports not considered as "major" in the U.S. Two lacrosse teams call the city home—the Rochester Rattlers in Major League Lacrosse (outdoor) and Rochester Knighthawks in the National Lacrosse League (indoor). In women's soccer, the Western New York Flash of the National Women's Soccer League also play in the city.
The New York Pro Football League was an informal circuit of teams based in various cities across upstate New York; they would compete primarily in local circuits before participating in what is believed to be the first playoff tournament in professional football, which culminated in a Thanksgiving championship at Buffalo Baseball Park. The NYPFL was one of several regional leagues that foreshadowed the formation of the National Football League; several NYPFL teams joined the NFL over the course of the 1920s. As of 2012, the only professional football team in the territory is the Buffalo Bills of the NFL. Although the region has hosted indoor football teams in the past, no teams currently play in the region.
The collegiate sports programs at Syracuse University (Syracuse Orange, football and basketball) and Cornell University (Cornell Big Red, primarily hockey) attract significant regional attention. In Western New York, the UB Bulls are the most widely known college football team, while in basketball, the regional "Big 4" rivalry between UB, Canisius College, the Niagara Purple Eagles and Saint Bonaventure Bonnies takes prominence. The Saint Bonaventure women's basketball team reached the Sweet 16 of the 2012 NCAA Division 1 Women's Basketball Tournament, the farthest any Western New York team has ever advanced into the tournament. Upstate's numerous SUNY colleges compete in the State University of New York Athletic Conference, at Division III in the NCAA; the SUNYAC houses several college ice hockey powerhouses, including the Oswego Lakers and Plattsburgh Cardinals, who share a heated rivalry.
Minor league teams
Rochester is home to several Minor League sports teams, including hockey's Americans (or "Amerks" as known locally) and baseball's Red Wings. Other Upstate New York minor league professional sports teams include the Syracuse Chiefs of the Triple-A baseball International League, the Binghamton Mets of the Double-A baseball Eastern League, the Binghamton Senators, Syracuse Crunch and Adirondack Phantoms of the American Hockey League (AHL), the Elmira Jackals of the ECHL, the Albany Patroons of the Continental Basketball Association; and the Auburn Doubledays, the Jamestown Jammers, the Tri-City ValleyCats and the Batavia Muckdogs of the Class A baseball New York - Penn League. The Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League and New York Collegiate Baseball League operate within upstate New York.
Native American teams
The Iroquois Nationals are the national lacrosse team of the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy that competes in international competition; it represents the Iroquois reservations in the United States, the Grand River reservation in Ontario and the Seven Nations in Quebec. The team was admitted to the International Lacrosse Federation (ILF) in 1990 and is the only Native American/First Nations team sanctioned to compete in any sport internationally.
In auto racing, Watkins Glen International Speedway is the major race track in the area and hosts annual races in the NASCAR Sprint Cup and Nationwide Series as well as the Sports Car Club of America. Holland Speedway in Holland hosts races in the Whelen All-American Series. In addition, numerous smaller speedways and dirt tracks exist in Little Valley, Freedom, Humphrey, Granby (serving the city of Fulton), Oswego, Lancaster, Ransomville and numerous other cities and towns.
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- Billy Backus, boxer from Canastota
- Carmen Basilio, boxer from Canastota
- Dustin Brown, right wing for and captain of the NHL's Los Angeles Kings, from Ithaca.
- Jehuu Caulcrick, Clymer native and NFL fullback
- Funny Cide, the first New York-bred horse to win the Kentucky Derby
- Laura Diaz, LPGA golfer from Scotia
- Jimmer Fredette, current NBA player for the Sacramento Kings, born and raised in Glens Falls.
- Tim Green, Professional American football player from Liverpool, NY. Played for Syracuse University
- Walter Hagen, early American golfer, holds 11 majors, 3rd behind Jack Nicklaus and Tiger Woods.
- Baby Joe Mesi, heavyweight boxing contender from Tonawanda
- Matt Morris, professional baseball player, graduate of Valley Central High school in Montgomery
- Joe Nathan, professional baseball, graduate of Pine Bush High school
- Jason Motte, professional baseball player, graduate of Valley Central High school in Montgomery
- Dottie Pepper, LPGA golfer from Saratoga Springs
- Andy Van Slyke, professional baseball player from Utica
- Abby Wambach, current USA national soccer team member and the all-time leading goal scorer in international soccer for either sex; born, raised, and plays professionally in Rochester.
- Wayne Levi - Professional Golfer from Herkimer, NY
- Miles Joseph - Professional soccer player from Clifton Park, NY
- Brendan Harris - Professional baseball player from Glens Falls, NY
- Tim Stauffer - Professional baseball player from Saratoga, NY
- Johnny Podres- 1955 World Series MVP (Brooklyn Dodgers) - Port Henry, NY
- Ernie Davis, 1961 Heisman Trophy Winner from Elmira
- The "Miracle on Ice"
- The 1932 Winter Olympics and the 1980 Winter Olympics, both held at Lake Placid
- The Tour de New York bicycle race
- The Boilermaker Road Race in Utica
- The inaugural NHL Winter Classic, held in Buffalo in 2008
- Empire Football League, which houses the oldest surviving semi-professional football club in the United States, the Watertown Red & Black, founded in 1896.
- Liberty League
- Mid-State Athletic Conference
- New York Pro Football League
- Northeastern Football Alliance
- Upstate New York Club Hockey League
- Austin N. O'Brien (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Young Men's Christian Association Building". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-10-13. See also: "Accompanying six photos" (Java applet).
- Fryling, Kevin (2006-07-27). "Nike deal promotes Native American wellness, lacrosse". University of Buffalo Reporter. Archived from the original on 6 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-28.