|Elevation||920 ft (280 m)|
Athus (German: Athem, Luxembourgish: Attem, Walloon: Atu) is a town and section of the Aubange municipality of the province of Luxembourg, in south-eastern Belgium. It is located in the far south of the country, just near the borders with France and Luxembourg. It is a French speaking city, though the traditional language is Luxembourgish.
The city was famous during the 19th and 20th century because of its steelworks factory which closed in the 1970s.
The city is surrounded by two boundaries: the one with France and the other one with Luxembourg; city was built around the Messancy river and the river Chiers, both right tributaries to the Meuse river. Directly across the border with Luxembourg is the town of Rodange and the town of Pétange is 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) to the east. On the French side, the main neighbouring city is Longwy in Meurthe-et-Moselle, over 5 km to the south west.
Athus has always been a Germanic place though its first origins are during the Roman period. It was a little village until the 17th century when the steelworks began to develop in the whole region. It was during the 19th century that Athus started to become relatively famous in the neighborhood and especially in 1872 when the first steel factory was founded. At the same time, in 1878, Athus also became an independent commune until the reorganization of the 1970s, when it was merged with the surrounding communes to create the enlarged municipality of Aubange on 1 January 1977. But 1977 was a tragic year for the city because the factory closed its doors due to the iron and steel crisis of that moment. At that time, the city was at the top of its famousness and of its number of inhabitants which reached approximately 7,500. That event led to a social and economic crisis for the city and the whole region which is not yet totally solved today. But Athus is still the biggest locality of the municipality of Aubange, and the most important one because many services are still there (the townhall, the main schools, the main bus lines stops and train station, the police station or the firehouse are examples.)
The steelworks in Athus was founded in 1872 as the company Société des Hauts Fourneaux d'Athus, a blast furnace was constructed and in 1880 a steelworks. In 1882, the company became Société des Hauts Fourneaux et Aciéries d'Athus; by 1914 there were four blast furnaces, and by 1928 five. In 1927 merger with the S.A. des Aciéries d'Angleur et des Charbonnages belges de Tilleu formed S.A. d´Angleur-Athus. In 1945 the company was taken over by the Société anonyme John Cockerill. Production continued until the steel works at Athus was merged with the Minière et Métallurgique de Rodange (MMR) in 1973; restructuring as a result of the Steel crisis of the 1973–75 recession led to the complete closure of the plant in Athus in the late 1970s.
Athus had a population of 7227 inhabitants in January 2012.
Athus has a railway station, which connects it to other stations in the Belgian railway network and to those of Luxembourg and France. It is connected hourly to Luxembourg City and Esch-sur-Alzette for the Luxembourgish part, and also hourly to Arlon, Libramont and Virton on the Belgian routes.
The city is situated just 10 kilometers south of European highway E 411/E42 between Luxembourg and Brussels.
Athus has two museums:
- Athus et l'acier (Athus and Steel), which is about the history of the steelworks and the factory of the city.
- Lunivers des pompiers (The Fireman's World), which is about firemen.
- "Usine d'Athus". www.industrie.lu (in French).
- "Presentation ArcelorMittal Rodange & Schifflange S.A.". www.ares.lu.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Athus.|
- "Cartes postal de la commune d'Aubange". www.le-grand-aubange.be (in French).
- "Bienvenue sur le site de l'exposition permanente Athus et l'Acier". users.skynet.be (in French).
- "Histoire de l'usine d'Athus". www.le-grand-aubange.be (in French).
- "Grandeur et décadence de l’usine d’Athus". users.skynet.be (in French).