Athyma perius

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Common Sergeant
CommonSergeant-top.jpg
Dorsal view
Athyma perius.jpg
Ventral view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Athyma
Species: A. perius
Binomial name
Athyma perius
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies

4, see text

The Common Sergeant (Athyma perius) is a species of nymphalid butterfly found in South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Description[edit]

The Athyma perius male has black wings with a series of white markings, while the female is a blackish brown. The underside of the wings are ochre yellow with the white markings as on the upperside but heavily margined and defined with black. The antennae are black and there is a spot of ochre between the eyes. The thorax has a band or two of bluish spots anteriorly and posteriorly. The abdomen is transversely and narrowly barred with bluish white; beneath, the palpi, thorax and abdomen pure white. In the female, the abdomen has a double lateral row of minute black dots.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically.[2]

  • A. p. avitus (Fruhstorfer, 1915)
  • A. p. hierasus (Fruhstorfer, 1915)
  • A. p. perinus Fruhstorfer, 1903
  • A. p. perius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Distribution[edit]

Athyma perius is found throughout the Himalayas, India, Burma, Tenasserim, to Siam and the Malay Peninsula.

Life history[edit]

Athyma perius uses Glochidion lanceolatum, G. velutinum and Wendlandia thyrsoidea as food plants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bingham, C.T. (1905) Fauna of British India. Butterflies. Volume 1.
  2. ^ Athyma perius, funet.fi