Athyridida

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Athyridida
Temporal range: Lower Silurian - Lower Jurassic
Uncitidae - Uncites gryphus.JPG
Fossil specimen of Uncites gryphus from Germany, Devonian age
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Brachiopoda
Class: Rhynchonellata
Order: Athyridida
Boucot et al. 1964
Suborder
Athyriididina
Retziidina
Koninchinidina

Athyridida is an order of Paleozoic a included in the Rhynchonellata, which makes up part of the articulate brachiopods.[1][2]

The Athyridida are the Rostrospracea of R.C Moore, 1952,[3] considered at that time to be a suborder of the Spiriferida. As with the Spiriferida, the Athyridida have outwardly directed spiral brachidia that support the lophophores on either side, but instead have non-plicate shells with rounded outlines and prominent beaks but almost no inner areas on the pedicle valve.

Athyridids began early in the Silurian, reached their greatest diversity in the following Devonian, and from then declined steadily until almost becoming extinct at the end of the Permian[3] The order rejuvenated somewhat during the Triassic, only to decline again until becoming extinct in the Jurassic.

Athyris, Composita, and Meristella are representative genera. Three suborders have been defined.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Classification des Brachiopoda
  2. ^ Athyridida-Paleodb
  3. ^ a b Moore, Lalcker and Fischer, 1952, Invertebrate Fossils, McGraw-Hill