Atika bint Abdul Muttalib

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Atika bint Abdul Muttalib was an aunt of Muhammad.

She was born in Mecca, the daughter of Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim and Fatimah bint Amr, who was from the Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe.[1]

She married Abu Umayya ibn Al-Mughira of the Makhzum clan, thereby becoming the stepmother of Umm Salama. Atika's children were Abdullah, Zuhayr and Qurayba.[2]

In March 624 she reported a frightening dream to her brother Abbas. She had dreamed that a camel had halted near Mecca and that its rider had shouted: "Come forth, O people, and do not leave your men to face a disaster that will come three days hence!" Then the man had climbed a mountain and thrown down a rock, which had shattered, spraying pieces on every building in the city. Abbas warned Atika not to tell anyone about this dream, but he told a friend, who told his father, and soon it was common knowledge in Mecca. Abu Jahl asked Abbas: "Are you not satisfied that your men should play the prophet, that your women should do so also? Atika has predicted that there will be war in three days. If the three days pass and nothing happens, we will write you down as the greatest liars in Arabia." Three days later, a messenger from Abu Sufyan arrived in the valley, stood up on his camel and tore his shirt, shouting: "O Quraysh, the merchant-camels, the merchant-camels! Muhammad and his companions are lying in wait for your property, which is with Abu Sufyan. I do not think that you will overtake it. Help! Help!" Thus alerted, the Quraysh armed themselves for the Battle of Badr.[3] However, Atika's brother Abu Lahab did not join the army, saying he was afraid of Atika's predictive dream.[4]

Atika became a Muslim in Mecca and joined the general emigration to Medina.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Hisham Note 97. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, p. 707. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 31. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad pp. 290-291. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 32.
  5. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 31.