Atlantic County, New Jersey

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Atlantic County, New Jersey
AtlanticCityAirport.png
Seal of Atlantic County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Atlantic County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Seat Mays Landing[1]
Largest city Egg Harbor Township (population)
Galloway Township (total area)
Hamilton Township (land area)
Area
 • Total 671.83 sq mi (1,740 km2)
 • Land 555.70 sq mi (1,439 km2)
 • Water 116.12 sq mi (301 km2), 17.28%
Population
 • (2010) 274,549[2]
 • Density 494.1/sq mi (191/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Website www.aclink.org

Atlantic County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had a population of 274,549,[2] having increased by 21,997 from the 252,552 counted at the 2000 Census (+8.7%, tied for third-fastest in the state),[3] retaining its position as the 15th-most populous county in the state.[4][5] Its county seat is Mays Landing.[6][1] The most populous place was Egg Harbor Township, with 43,323 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Galloway Township, covered 115.21 square miles (298.4 km2), the largest total area of any municipality, though Hamilton Township has the largest land area, covering 111.13 square miles (287.8 km2).[5]

This county is part of the Atlantic CityHammonton Metropolitan Statistical Area.[7] as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.[8][9]

History[edit]

All of what is known today as Atlantic County was once called Egg Harbor Township, the eastern half of the original County of Gloucester. Named as an official district as early as 1693, it was bounded on the north by the Little Egg Harbor River (now known as the Mullica River), and on the south by the Great Egg Harbor River and its southern branch the Tuckahoe River. Its eastern boundary was the Atlantic Ocean, but the western boundary in the South Jersey interior was not fixed until 1761. The county was formally created from portions of Gloucester County as of February 7, 1837, and consisted of the townships of Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 671.83 square miles (1,740.0 km2), of which 555.70 square miles (1,439.3 km2) of it (82.7%) was land and 116.12 square miles (300.7 km2) of it (17.3%) was water.[11][5]

Atlantic County is located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the southeastern tip of New Jersey.

Topographically, much of Atlantic County is low-lying and flat. The highest elevation, approximately 150 feet (46 m) above sea level, is found at two areas next to the New Jersey Transit passenger rail line just east of Hammonton.[12] Sea level is the lowest point.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 8,726
1850 8,961 2.7%
1860 11,786 31.5%
1870 14,093 19.6%
1880 18,704 32.7%
1890 28,836 54.2%
1900 46,402 60.9%
1910 71,894 54.9%
1920 83,914 16.7%
1930 124,823 48.8%
1940 124,066 −0.6%
1950 132,399 6.7%
1960 160,880 21.5%
1970 175,043 8.8%
1980 194,119 10.9%
1990 224,327 15.6%
2000 252,552 12.6%
2010 274,549 8.7%
Est. 2012 275,422 [13] 0.3%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[14]
1970-2010[5] 2000[3] 2010[2] 2000-2010[15]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 274,549 people, 102,847 households, and 68,702 families residing in the county. The population density was 494.1 per square mile (190.8 /km2). There were 126,647 housing units at an average density of 227.9 per square mile (88.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.40% (179,566) White, 16.08% (44,138) Black or African American, 0.38% (1,050) Native American, 7.50% (20,595) Asian, 0.03% (92) Pacific Islander, 7.36% (20,218) from other races, and 3.24% (8,890) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.84% (46,241) of the population.[2]

There were 102,847 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.[2]

In the county, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91 males.[2]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 252,552 people, 95,024 households, and 63,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 450 people per square mile (174/km²). There were 114,090 housing units at an average density of 203 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.36% White, 17.63% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 5.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.06% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[3][17] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 18.3% were of Italian, 17.3% Irish, 13.8% German and 7.7% English ancestry according to Census 2000.[17][18]

There were 95,024 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.[3]

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,933, and the median income for a family was $51,710. Males had a median income of $36,397 versus $28,059 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,034. About 7.6% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.[17][19]

Government and politics[edit]

The Atlantic County Courthouse in Mays Landing in 2006

In 1974, Atlantic County voters changed the county governmental form under the Optional County Charter Law to the County executive form. The charter provides for a popularly elected executive and for a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms in partisan elections. Five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts;[20] four are elected from the county on an at-large basis. Republicans control eight of the nine seats.

As of 2013, Dennis Levinson (R) is Atlantic County's Executive.[21] The Current Board of Chosen Freeholders Members are:[22][23]

  • Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate, Somers Point and Ventnor. (2015)[24]
  • Vice Chairman Joseph J. McDevitt, Freeholder At-Large (2013)[25]
  • Colin G. Bell, Freeholder At-Large (2015)[26]
  • James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth. (2015)[27]
  • Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic. (2013)[28]
  • Charles T. Garrett, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville. (2013)[29]
  • Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (2014)[30]
  • John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (2014)[31]
  • Frank Sutton, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield. (2014)[32]

The head of the Atlantic County Sheriff's Office is elected to serve a three year term. There currently are no term limits in place. The current Sheriff, Frank X. Balles (R), took office on January 1, 2009.

The 2nd Congressional District covers all of Atlantic County.[33][34] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[35]

The county is part of the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th Districts in the New Jersey Legislature.[36]

Politics[edit]

In state and national elections, Atlantic County is a reliably Democratic county, in contrast to the other three counties on the Jersey Shore, Monmouth, Ocean, and Cape May Counties, which tend to lean heavily Republican. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried Atlantic by a 5.9% margin over incumbent George W. Bush, with Kerry winning by 6.7% statewide over Bush.[37] In 2008, the county voted for Barack Obama by a 15% margin over John McCain, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain.[38] Atlantic County has backed the Democratic nominee in every Presidential election since 1992. However, in the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 48% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 45%.

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Atlantic County (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Atlantic County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:[39]

Municipality Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Census Designated Places
Absecon City 8,411 3,365 7.29 1.90 5.40 1558.8 623.6
Atlantic City City 39,558 20,013 17.04 6.29 10.75 3680.8 1862.2
Brigantine City 9,450 9,222 10.36 3.98 6.39 1479.5 1443.8
Buena Borough 4,603 1,855 7.58 0.00 7.58 607.4 244.8
Buena Vista Township Township 7,570 3,008 41.53 0.47 41.05 184.4 73.3 Collings Lakes
Richland
Corbin City City 492 212 8.94 1.28 7.67 64.2 27.7
Egg Harbor City City 4,243 1,736 11.44 0.51 10.93 388.1 158.8
Egg Harbor Township Township 43,323 16,347 74.93 8.34 66.6 650.5 245.5
Estell Manor City 1,735 673 55.10 1.78 53.32 32.5 12.6
Folsom Borough 1,885 717 8.44 0.24 8.2 229.8 87.4
Galloway Township Township 37,349 14,132 115.21 26.14 89.07 419.3 158.7 Pomona
Hamilton Township Township 26,503 10,196 113.07 1.94 111.13 238.5 91.8 Mays Landing
Hammonton Town 14,791 5,715 41.42 0.53 40.89 361.8 139.8
Linwood City 7,092 2,798 4.24 0.38 3.87 1834.9 723.9
Longport Borough 895 1,656 1.56 1.17 0.39 2323.7 4299.4
Margate City City 6,354 7,114 1.63 0.22 1.42 4490.3 5027.4
Mullica Township 6,147 2,360 56.9 0.48 56.42 108.9 41.8 Elwood
Northfield City 8,624 3,260 3.44 0.04 3.40 2533.7 957.8
Pleasantville City 20,249 7,219 7.30 1.60 5.69 3556.5 1267.9
Port Republic City 1,115 444 8.58 1.10 7.48 149.0 59.3
Somers Point City 10,795 5,556 5.16 1.13 4.03 2678.8 1378.7
Ventnor City City 10,650 7,829 3.52 1.57 1.95 5457.4 4011.8
Weymouth Township Township 2,715 1,220 12.45 0.36 12.09 224.6 100.9

Education[edit]

Institutions of higher education in Atlantic County include:

Transportation[edit]

The county had a total of 1,930.77 miles (3,107.27 km) of roadways, of which 1,357.05 miles (2,183.96 km) are maintained by the municipality, 372.63 miles (599.69 km) by Atlantic County and 143.50 miles (230.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 57.59 miles (92.68 km) by either the New Jersey Turnpike Authority or South Jersey Transportation Authority.[43]

Major roadways include the Garden State Parkway (with 21.5 miles (34.6 km) of roadway in the county), the Atlantic City Expressway (29.6 miles (47.6 km)), U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 30, U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 206 and U.S. Route 322, as well as Route 49, Route 50, Route 52, Route 54, Route 87 and Route 152.[44]

New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line connects the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City with the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, with service at intermediate stations at Hammonton, Egg Harbor City and Absecon in the county.[45]

Climate and weather[edit]

Mays Landing, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
41
24
 
 
3
 
44
27
 
 
4.2
 
52
33
 
 
3.6
 
62
42
 
 
3.4
 
71
51
 
 
3.1
 
81
61
 
 
3.7
 
86
67
 
 
4.1
 
84
65
 
 
3.2
 
77
57
 
 
3.4
 
67
46
 
 
3.3
 
56
37
 
 
3.7
 
46
28
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[46]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mays Landing have ranged from a low of 24 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1979 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1969. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.99 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in March.[46]

Wineries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Atlantic County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  4. ^ NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 31, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed May 29, 2013.
  8. ^ May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  9. ^ Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas, Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  10. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  11. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  12. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  13. ^ PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, United States Census Bureau, February 3, 2011. Accessed February 5, 2011.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ a b c Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 18, 2011. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  18. ^ DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  19. ^ DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  20. ^ Atlantic County Freeholder District Map, accessed May 25, 2006
  21. ^ County Executive, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  22. ^ Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  23. ^ 2013 Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  24. ^ Frank D. Formica, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  25. ^ Joseph J. McDevitt, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  26. ^ Colin G. Bell, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  27. ^ James A. Bertino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  28. ^ Richard Dase, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  29. ^ Charles T. Garrett, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  30. ^ Alexander C. Marino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  31. ^ John W. Risley, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  32. ^ Frank Sutton, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  33. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 2, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 2, 2013.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 2, 2013.
  37. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County – 2004, NJVoterInfo.org. Accessed August 22, 2008.
  38. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  39. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2014.
  40. ^ History, Atlantic Cape Community College. Accessed October 2, 2013.
  41. ^ Rutgers Off Campus - Atlantic Cape, Rutgers University. Accessed October 28, 2013.
  42. ^ History, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Accessed October 2, 2013.
  43. ^ Atlantic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 23, 2013.
  44. ^ Fast Facts About Atlantic County, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed December 24, 2013.
  45. ^ Atlantic City Rail Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 24, 2013.
  46. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Mays Landing, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°28′N 74°38′W / 39.47°N 74.64°W / 39.47; -74.64