Atlantic County, New Jersey
|Atlantic County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Egg Harbor Township|
671.83 sq mi (1,740 km²)
555.70 sq mi (1,439 km²)
116.12 sq mi (301 km²), 17.28%
494.1/sq mi (191/km²)
All of what is known today as Atlantic County was once called Egg Harbor Township, the eastern half of the original County of Gloucester. Named as an official district as early as 1693, it was bounded on the north by the Little Egg Harbor River (now known as the Mullica River), and on the south by the Great Egg Harbor River and its southern branch the Tuckahoe River. Its eastern boundary was the Atlantic Ocean, but the western boundary in the South Jersey interior was not fixed until 1761.
According to the 2010 Census, the county has a total area of 671.83 square miles (1,740.0 km2), of which 555.70 square miles (1,439.3 km2) (or 82.71%) is land and 116.12 square miles (300.7 km2) (or 17.28%) is water. Atlantic County is located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the southeastern tip of New Jersey.
Topographically, much of Atlantic County is low-lying and flat. The highest elevation, approximately 150 feet (50 m) above sea level, is found at two areas next to the New Jersey Transit passenger rail line just east of Hammonton. Sea level is the lowest point.
- Burlington County, New Jersey – north
- Camden County, New Jersey – northwest
- Cape May County, New Jersey – south
- Cumberland County, New Jersey – southwest
- Gloucester County, New Jersey – northwest
- Ocean County, New Jersey – northeast
National protected areas
- Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River (part)
|historical census data sources:
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 274,549 people, 102,847 households, and 68,702 families residing in the county. The population density was 494.1 inhabitants per square mile (190.8 /km2). There were 126,647 housing units at an average density of 227.9 per square mile (88.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.40% (179,566) White, 16.08% (44,138) Black or African American, 0.38% (1,050) Native American, 7.50% (20,595) Asian, 0.03% (92) Pacific Islander, 7.36% (20,218) from other races, and 3.24% (8,890) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.84% (46,241) of the population.
There were 102,847 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 252,552 people, 95,024 households, and 63,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 450 people per square mile (174/km²). There were 114,090 housing units at an average density of 203 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.36% White, 17.63% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 5.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.06% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.6% were of Italian, 13.0% Irish, 9.5% German and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 95,024 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $43,933, and the median income for a family was $51,710. Males had a median income of $36,397 versus $28,059 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,034. About 7.60% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
In 1974, Atlantic County voters changed the county governmental form under the Optional County Charter Law to the County executive form. The charter provides for a popularly elected executive and for a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms in partisan elections. Five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts; four are elected from the county on an at-large basis. Republicans control eight of the nine seats.
- Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate, Somers Point and Ventnor. (2012)
- Colin G. Bell, Freeholder At-Large (2013)
- James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth. (2012)
- Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic. (2013)
- Charles T. Garrett, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville. (2013)
- Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (2014)
- Joseph J. McDevitt, Freeholder At-Large (2013)
- John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (2014)
- Frank Sutton, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield. (2014)
The head of the Atlantic County Sheriff's Office is elected to serve a three year term. There currently are no term limits in place. The current Sheriff, Frank X. Balles (R), took office on January 1, 2009.
In state and national elections, Atlantic County is a reliably Democratic county, in contrast to the other three counties on the Jersey Shore, Monmouth, Ocean, and Cape May Counties, which tend to lean heavily Republican. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried Atlantic by a 5.9% margin over incumbent George W. Bush, with Kerry winning by 6.7% statewide over Bush. In 2008, the county voted for Barack Obama by a 15% margin over John McCain, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain. Atlantic County has backed the Democratic nominee in every Presidential election since 1992. However, in the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 48% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 45%.
- Absecon (city)
- Atlantic City (city)
- Brigantine (city)
- Buena Vista Township (township)
- Buena (borough)
- Corbin City (city)
- Egg Harbor City (city)
- Egg Harbor Township (township)
- Estell Manor (city)
- Folsom (borough)
- Galloway Township (township)
- Hamilton Township (township)
- Hammonton (town)
- Linwood (city)
- Longport (borough)
- Margate City (city)
- Mullica Township (township)
- Northfield (city)
- Pleasantville (city)
- Port Republic (city)
- Somers Point (city)
- Ventnor City (city)
- Weymouth Township (township)
Institutions of higher education in Atlantic County include:
- Atlantic Cape Community College in Mays Landing serves students from both Atlantic County and Cape May County.
- Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, in Pomona
- Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey at Atlantic Cape Community College, in Mays Landing – For more information on this program please visit http://www.rutgersataccc.org.
Climate and weather
|Mays Landing, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mays Landing have ranged from a low of 24 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1979 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1969. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.99 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in March.
- Balic Winery
- Bellview Winery
- DiMatteo Vineyards
- Plagido's Winery
- Renault Winery
- Sylvin Farms Winery
- Tomasello Winery
- Atlantic County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- "Atlantic County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed May 29, 2013.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880–1930".
- "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
- "The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010". United States Census Bureau. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- Atlantic County Freeholder District Map, accessed May 25, 2006
- Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, accessed January 13, 2012
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County – 2004, NJVoterInfo.org. Accessed August 22, 2008.
- U.S. Election Atlas
- "Monthly Averages for Mays Landing, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- Atlantic County website
- History of Atlantic County, New Jersey
- Rutgers at Atlantic Cape Community College
||Camden County and Gloucester County||Burlington County||Ocean County|
|Cumberland County||Cape May County|