Atlantis in popular culture

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Professor Aronnax and Captain Nemo visit the remains of Atlantis in 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea

The mythical island of Atlantis has often been depicted in books, television shows, films and other creative works of popular culture.

Comics[edit]

  • Atlantis (along with its nemesis, Mu) plays a major part in the Italian comic book Martin Mystere.
  • In The Kingdom Beyond the Waves, written by Stephen Hunt, an expedition sets out to find the ancient city of Camlantis. Once inhabited by the most advanced society in history, the city is believed to be adrift and derelict in the highest pockets of the sky. Much like Atlantis, Camlantis is a utopian society whose people perished overnight due to a great cataclysm; however, Camlantis resides in the air, as opposed to the watery grave of Atlantis.
  • In DC Comics, several characters, including Aquaman and Lori Lemaris - among others - are said to have come from a sunken Atlantis. Due to a combination of magic and advanced science, they survive with the ability to breathe water. There are several Atlantean civilizations in the DC Universe, the most notable being the recently destroyed Poseidonis (home to Aquaman and other humanoid water breathers) and Tritonis (home to Lemaris and other mer-people). Aquaman is from the royal family of Atlantis.
  • In Marvel Comics, Atlantis was an ancient landmass which was home to a technologically advanced civilization. It was sunk by the stellar beings the Celestials as an unintended side effect when the Celestials destroyed Lemuria. Later the sunken continent was populated by the genetic offshoot of humans known as Homo mermanus, including Namor the Sub-Mariner, son of an Atlantean princess and a surface-dwelling human, meaning he can breathe in both environments and has superhuman strength, but he is much stronger in the water. This species can breathe underwater and have powerful technology. In Tales of Suspense #43, Iron Man meets a race of Atlanteans whose city sank to the bottom of the sea and has been renamed the Netherworld, and whose Queen, Kala, is planning to invade the surface with advanced technology. He stops her by showing her that Netherworlders would age rapidly in the surface world, though Kala herself is restored to normal when she returns to the Netherworld.
  • In "Tuk the Caveboy," Captain America #2 & 3 (1941), Tuk and Tanir (a Cro-Magnon man) meet Eve, princess of the not yet lost Atlantis, and help her reclaim the throne from her wicked uncle.
  • In the Ultimate Marvel comics, Atlantis did exist and was home to a culture similar to Ancient Egyptians, but far more technologically advanced.[1] It was destroyed 9000 years ago in a conflict with a species known as the Tan-ed-Drul, or Hydra.[2]
  • In the now defunct CrossGen Comics, Atlantis was the basis for the fictional universe known as the Sigilverse.
  • In The Sandman: Brief Lives, by writer Neil Gaiman, a chapter called "The People Who Remember Atlantis" speaks of "echo-Atlantises" and (many) other equatable prehistoric civilizations, and explores the theme of the bulk of human history and knowledge being lost to the modern world.
  • In the webcomic Wigu, the Tinkle family as well as the head of the Illuminati are of Atlantean heritage. The second black and white comic book is to be called The Case of Atlantis.
  • Dark Horse Comics produced a four-comic-book series based on the story of the Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis as well as a LucasArts classic PC game.
  • In Asterix and Obelix All at Sea, Asterix, Obelix and Getafix go to the remains of Atlantis (said to be the present-day Canaries) to seek the secret of age reversal as Obelix was accidentally reverted to childhood. At Atlantis, except for the high priest, everyone is in a state of childhood.
  • In the Donald Duck comic "The Lost Suburb", Donald decides to get Daisy Duck a necklace. And instead of going to Atlantis, Donald finds himself stranded in a suburb in Atlantis.
  • In the Uncle Scrooge comic "The Secret of Atlantis", in an attempt to outwit his nephew Donald, Scrooge acquires most of the world's circulating 1916 quarters and dumps them into the Atlantic. When circumstances necessitate his retrieving one, it is found that the quarters inadvertently ended up in Atlantis, now inhabited by fish-men who evolved from the original human Atlanteans.
  • In the backstory of Hellboy comics, Atlantis is an outpost of Hyperboria, which soon collapses after Hyperboria does.
  • In Topolino e l'Atlantide continente perduto (Mickey Mouse and Atlantis, the lost continent, 1987), Italians Giorgio Pezzin (story) and Massimo De Vita (artwork) send Mickey and Goofy back in time to witness Atlantis's last moments.[3]
  • Edgar P. Jacobs wrote his own Atlantis Mystery in 1955–1956. There, Atlantis and a rival civilisation have survived until our days in giant caves beneath the Azores, but a new series of (part man-made) cataclysms strikes again.
  • In Batman #19, Atlantis is shown to be inhabited by an advanced people ruled by an Emperor. The Nazis have discovered Atlantis and are using it as a Naval Base. Batman and Robin discover the base and are able to reveal the deception of the Nazis.
  • In Marvel Family #10, Atlantis appears. It was sunk about 8000 BC by an earth fault below the Island, but the Sivana Family hope to use an element there for a machine to prevent the Marvels calling their lightining down. A scientist Chal-Patzun, hoped to have Atlantis raised in the Future by his descendants, his son having gone to the mainland. He had discovered an element called Protium, which in 10,000 years would become Neutrium, and in another 10,000 years, Electrium. A machine powered by this would raise the Island. Before Atlantis sinks, Georgia Sivana, having traveled to the past, steals a vial of Protium. During the 20th century his descendant, Dr. Charles Patterson, is shot by Sivana while in the vault after he tries to stop him taking Neutrium. It is raised around AD 12,000 by Dr. Charles Patterson's own descendant, Chass Passon, though two of the vials had been stolen by the Sivanas in the past and present, leaving just eight. Sivana Jr. succeeds in taking a vial of Electrium just after the Island is raised. Atlantis is apparently located around the Atlantic coast latitude 35. See more on Sivana Family.

Fine Art[edit]

Sculpture[edit]

  • The King of Atlantis, a sculpture produced in 1920–1922 by Einar Jónsson (1873–1954), Iceland.
  • Map of Broken Glass (Atlantis) and the failed Island of Broken Glass project by Robert Smithson.

Games[edit]

Role-playing games[edit]

Atlantis has been used in a variety of role playing games.

  • In the d20 Modern Menace Manual, Atlantis was referenced as a large island in the Aegean Sea, which used to be a permanent base for a race called the Fraal (another name for greys), in which Fraal and human society coexisted, but they retreated to the outer edges of the solar system when "some sort of accident" (sic) destroyed it, along with all traces of its inhabitants.
  • The remnants of Atlantis sought refuge within the Hollow Earth in Hollow Earth Expedition, although this society too has mysteriously disappeared, leaving behind vast ruins and strange, psychic crystal-powered artifacts.
  • In White Wolf Studio's Mage: The Awakening, Atlantis is depicted as the land where humankind first discovered magic, but it was destroyed during the Celestial War, wherein the Oracles and the Exarchs battled for control of reality.
  • In Palladium Books' Rifts, Atlantis is a large continent in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean that was tied to the magical energies of earth. As the magical energies of earth dissipated, the island disappeared into a dimensional limbo until the "Coming of the Rifts" caused a resurgence of magical energies on the planet. In the current Rifts timeline, the continent of Atlantis is ruled by extra-dimensional slave traders known as the Splugorth. The original human residents of Atlantis, known as True Atlanteans, are masters of Stone and Tattoo magic, and have spread across the Megaverse.
  • In C.J. Carella's WitchCraft and Armageddon, Atlantis is one of the Elder Kingdoms destroyed by the Angels through a giant Flood, and the original home of the Immortals.

Video games[edit]

  • In Atlantis no Nazo, Atlantis is featured as the setting that is explored by the main character.
  • In Age of Mythology the first few levels of the campaign are set in Atlantis. Arkantos, the main character throughout the campaign, is Atlantean, and the civilization worships Poseidon as its main god. The game also shows Atlantis' location to be off the coast of Portugal. At the end of the campaign, a great battle causes most of the island to be submerged. * In Age of Mythology: The Titans, the Atlanteans are one of the playable cultures. Unlike the other civilizations in the game, which were designed with a combination of mythology and history, the Atlanteans were purely fictional. The hero of the story, Kastor, is Atlantean. Atlantis is featured at the beginning and ending of the story line, when Kastor leads the remaining Atlanteans in re-building the civilization.
  • The MMORPG game Atlantica Online feature protagonists that are descendants from the now-destroyed Atlantis kingdom. The players constantly fight to stop monsters enraged from the power of the ancient Atlantean stones.
  • Imagic released Atlantis for the Atari 2600 in 1982.
  • The games Atlantis: The Lost Tales, Beyond Atlantis and Beyond Atlantis II involve the legend. Atlantis takes place on the actual fabled city, whereas the other two games are based on discovering things related to Atlantis. All three games were made by Cryo Interactive.
  • In the 2000 Nintendo 64 game Banjo-Tooie, there is a level called Jolly Roger's Lagoon. Most of the level takes place underwater, where you can see Atlantis. It has ancient submerged temples.
  • In the Super Nintendo Entertainment System game Chrono Trigger there exists an advanced civilization in 12000B.C. called the Kingdom of Zeal, which appears to be roughly based on Atlantis. Like Atlantis, Zeal is destroyed and falls into the depths of the ocean.[4]
  • The Wii game Conduit 2, a First-Person Shooter by SEGA, will feature settings in Atlantis
  • In Crash Bandicoot 3: Warped, Crash must swim through a sunken city somewhere south of Australia. This city is assumed to be Atlantis.
  • Atlantis is the name of an alliance in Cyber Nations.
  • The MMORPG game Dark Age of Camelot by Mythic Entertainment featured an expansion called Trials of Atlantis, where players got a chance to fight numerous Atlantean creatures on the isles of Atlantis.
  • In the 1995 Game Boy game Donkey Kong Land, the second world is known as "Kremlantis". It has temples, underwater ruins, and coral reefs.
  • The Atlanteans, though not actually present in the games, played a large role in the first two Ecco the Dolphin games (Ecco the Dolphin and Ecco: The Tides of Time) as the creators of the time machine and the Glyphs. They also created the teleport rings present in Ecco: The Tides of Time.
  • The Sega Genesis/Sega Mega-CD game Eternal Champions features a green-skinned Atlantean named Trident. According to the story, Atlanteans were indeed a separate species of humanity, featuring fish-like characteristics. Trident was their champion. The Romans were said to be responsible for the fall of Atlantis, after they rigged a gladiator-esque battle between Trident and a Roman champion. Before Trident could strike the winning blow, a sneaking Roman pushed a pillar down, crushing Trident.
  • The Nintendo video game, G.I. Joe: The Atlantis Factor, takes place in Atlantis, which has resurfaced.
  • The platform game, Glover features Atlantis as the theme for the first world, containing a mixture of Ancient Greece style architecture and an abundance of water.
  • In the 2010 PSP game God of War: Ghost of Sparta, Atlantis is a level in the game, both above and beneath the sea. The theory of the Thera eruption is used in the game. A lava-based Titan named Thera is trapped beneath the city of Atlantis. When the protagonist Kratos encounters the Titan, she begs him to free her, or else both would be trapped there forever. Kratos frees Thera which causes a volcano to erupt, destroying and sinking the city of Atlantis. Kratos' battle with the legendary sea monster Scylla further destroyed the city. Atlantis was originally going to be a level for the 2007 PS2 game God of War II, but did not make it into the final game. In God of War III, which takes place a while after Ghost of Sparta but was released before then, the god Poseidon says "Atlantis will be avenged!" during the boss fight with him.
  • The hero of Hercules no Eikō IV: Kamigami kara no Okurimono is an Atlantean who manages to survive the destruction of Atlantis.
  • A LucasArts classic Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis recounts the fictional quest of Indiana Jones to the Lost World.
  • In the 2006 video game Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, there are levels where the player goes to Atlantis to help Namor the Sub-Mariner regain his throne and stop a riot.
  • In the Master of Atlantas expansion pack Poseidon to Master of Olympus - Zeus, Atlanteans become a new playable civilization in a series of campaigns based loosely on the original material. It also tackles many of the more dubious claims about Atlantis (e.g. Atlanteans being involved with the building of the pyramids of both Egypt and Mesoamerica), albeit all with a rather humorous take.
  • The Omega Stone, the sequel to Riddle of the Sphinx, climaxes at an Atlantean pyramid at Santorini, and goes on to state that there were two Atlantis cities, one at Santorini, and the other at Bimini. The cataclysm caused by a comet fragment (the titular 'Omega Stone') impacting Atlanti-Santorini caused a malfunction in the laser beam constructed to destroy the comet fragment, and somehow led to the sinking of both cities (precisely how is not made clear). Furthermore, it states that the ancient Egyptians, the Maya, the Easter Islanders, the Cretans and the builders of Stonehenge were all different Atlantean tribes.
  • In the 2004 Nintendo GameCube game, Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, the port city of Rougeport rests on the sunken ruins of a legendary civilization that was brought beneath the ocean in a great cataclysm, possibly a nod to Atlantis.
  • In Puzzle Pirates, Atlantis was added as a feature on September 4, 2007. It is part of the Sea Monster Hunts feature of the game.
  • In the PC game Riddle of the Sphinx one of the keys used to open the door under the Sphinx depicts a symbol described by the game's inventory as 'Atlantean'.
  • In the third Serious Sam game, the hero ends up in Atlantis where he battles hordes of monsters (including the inhabitants of Atlantis).
  • In Universe at War: Earth Assault, the Masari faction has a city-ship called the Atlatea. The Maseri went into statis they sank the ship under the water, which explains the legend of Atlantis.
  • In Skies of Arcadia there is a sunken continent named Soltis. In the original Japanese it is named Atlantia.
  • In The Journeyman Project 3: Legacy of Time, aliens destroyed the entire city to prevent another alien race from obtaining a secret artifact. Gage Blackwood then time travels to Atlantis one day before its destruction and travels around the city in order to locate the artifact.
  • In Tomb Raider and Tomb Raider: Anniversary, Atlantis is the root of the Incan, Greek and Egyptian civilizations, ruled by Tihocan, Qualopec and the immortal antagonist Natla, its disgraced ruler. It was buried under a mountain when Natla betrayed Qualopec and Tihocan and poisoned the powers of the Scion. So the cultures scattered to the four winds and left Atlantis forever. It was nearly raised again by Natla to bring about the seventh age, but Lara Croft managed to stop Natla and destroy Atlantis completely. The games feature a series of levels based in Atlantis.
  • The adventure game Zak McKracken and the Alien Mindbenders features some scenes in Atlantis.
  • In the 2007 and later 2010 video games Bioshock and Bioshock 2, the setting of the games takes place in a underwater city called Rapture. While not named Atlantis, the game has many in game references relating to the lost city.

Literature[edit]

(Alphabetical by author, then by title)

  • Daniel Armiss An Atlantean Tale (2012) takes place in ancient Atlantis, depicting a civil war within the ancient city.[5]
  • The Dancer from Atlantis (1971) is a novel by Poul Anderson.
  • K. A. Applegate's series of novels Animorphs featured one incident in which the small group pursue their alien enemies, the Yeerks, and inadvertently find a hostile civilization in a city at the bottom of the ocean. The civilisation, known as the Nartec, tell their own tale as to how they came to be under the sea, but although Marco jokingly suggests that the group have discovered Atlantis, the name never appears. After the Animorphs make their escape, the Nartec do not appear or are even mentioned in later novels, leaving their fate undetermined.
  • Another series by K. A. Applegate, "Everworld," depicts Atlantis as an underwater city in Everworld's oceans. The gods Poseidon and Neptune---who both seem to have their own underwater cities nearby---war over control of the city, but the politically savvy leader of the city, Jean-Claude LeMieux, manages to keep it independent.
  • Alexander Beliaev, famous Russian sci-fi writer, has depicted the last days of Atlantis in his novel "The Last Man From Atlantis", the highlight of the book being love story of princess Sel and sculptor Adishirna.
  • Pierre Benoit's classic L'Atlantide (1919) was a variation on a theme introduced by Henry Rider Haggard in She, and told the story of two French Officers who find the last city of Atlantis in the midst of the Sahara, and fall in love with its beautiful queen, Antinea. It was filmed several times.
  • Marion Zimmer Bradley's The Fall of Atlantis. Her Avalon Series tells the story of how the ancient druids were descendants of the survivors of Atlantis who landed in Britain.
  • Fredric Brown's short story "Letter to a Phoenix" mentions Atlantis as the most recent civilization of six that an immortal has lived in.
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan series features a lost city known as Opar, said to be a colony of Atlantis.
  • The book Romance of Atlantis by Taylor Caldwell.
  • In Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus by Orson Scott Card Atlantis is given passing mention; it is revealed through a machine that can look into the past that Atlantis was a 'raft city' on the banks of the Red Sea, and was completely submerged when the water from the Mediterranean and Indian Oceans came over the natural dams.
  • Lincoln Child's novel Deep Storm features a supposed find of the site of sunken Atlantis. The reality is much more sinister.
  • In Eoin Colfer's Artemis Fowl series, Atlantis is a Lower Elements city populated by Atlanteans.
  • In book three of Bruce Coville's Alien Adventures series, The Search for Snout, Rod Albright's Father is eventually revealed as an Atlantean starfarer, from 35,000 years ago.
  • The Final section of Hart Crane's 1930 epic poem The Bridge is entitled "Atlantis", dealing with Brooklyn Bridge and uses the city as a metaphor for a nearly-attainable Utopia.
  • The book Atlantis Found by Clive Cussler, inspired by the non-fiction, When the Sky Fell by Rand & Rose Flem-Ath.
  • Kara Dalkey's Water Trilogy is a blend of Atlantis and Arthurian legends.
  • Alyssa Day's Warriors of Poseidon series is a modern day twist combining Paranormal Romance novels and the myth of Atlantis.
  • Arthur Conan Doyle's science fiction novel The Maracot Deep describes the discovery of the sunken remains of Atlantis by a deep-sea diving expedition, who find that it is still inhabited by a high-technology society which has adapted to life underwater.
  • In "The Towers of February", the Dutch writer Tonke Dragt describes Atlantis as a country in the parallel world IMFEA (Inter Menses Februarium Et Aprilem).
  • Diane Duane's young adult fantasy novel Deep Wizardry describes how the downfall of Atlantis was triggered by the failure of an ancient wizardry meant to preserve the balance of the earth and sea.
  • Atlantis is also referenced in Neverwhere, by Neil Gaiman.
  • David Gemmell's fantasy novels make use of story of Atlantis in the Jon Shannow series (Wolf of Shadow, The Last Guardian and Bloodstone) and the Stones of Power series (Ghost King and Last Sword of Power).
  • The book Atlantis by David Gibbins.
  • Intended to be the fifth book in its Godzilla novel series, Godzilla and the Lost Continent would have seen Godzilla encounter monsters on a landmass risen from the Pacific sea, rather than the Atlantic, which might have been Atlantis. However, the book was never published by Random House Publishing, which had produced the previous four books, for reasons unknown.
  • In the novel Raising Atlantis by Thomas Greanias, it depicts Atlantis being buried beneath the ice of Antarctica suggesting a large climate shift took place and covered up the ancient city.
  • In Traci Harding's The Ancient Future Trilogy (Book 2 - An Echo in Time: Atlantis), Tory Alexander travels back in time to visit the lost city paradise of Atlantis, and its superior civilization, where she is taught of the mind sciences and expands her psychic capabilities, and is inspired of a city plan which features in later books.
  • Robert A. Heinlein's story Lost Legacy imagined Atlantis as a colony of Mu. In a war for independence both lands sank.
  • In the short stories of Robert E. Howard, the character Kull was an Atlantean, and eventually became King of Valusia. His more famous character Conan the Cimmerian was descended from Kull's Atlanteans.
  • C. J. Cutcliffe Hyne depicted the end of Atlantis in his classic fantasy The Lost Continent: The Story of Atlantis, first published in 1899. The main character, Deucalion - a soldier-priest, is unable to prevent the tragic deline of his continent under the rule of the evil queen Phorenice. Hyne's novel is one of the most important works of Atlantean mythology.
  • In Sherrilyn Kenyon's Dark-Hunter series, the leader of the Dark-Hunters is an Atlantean god.
  • In Stephen King's Hearts in Atlantis, the fallen civilization of Atlantis is used as a metaphor for the ideals and aspirations of popular culture in the 1960s.
  • Henry Kuttner's Atlantis stories feature the sword-and-sorcery adventures of the hero Elak.
  • Kuttner's Hogben series feature a family of mutants originating in Atlantis, which was destroyed in a nuclear catastrophe.
  • In the Pendragon Cycle of Stephen R. Lawhead survivors of Atlantis settle in Britain.
  • In Doris Lessing's Shikasta, it is briefly mentioned in the Canopean reports that due to natural disasters certain advanced cultures have suddenly been exterminated including the culture of "Adalanterland".
  • In C. S. Lewis's The Magician's Nephew, Digory Kirke's uncle Andrew received a box with Atlantean symbols from his dying godmother that contained dust from another world that he used to make the magic rings that sent Digory and his friend Polly Plummer to the worlds of Charn and Narnia.
  • In C.S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength, it is debated by two of the villains that the character of Merlin may be from Numinor or as it is more commonly known, Atlantis.
  • H. P. Lovecraft's The Temple tells the story of a German Naval submarine sinking to the bottom of the ocean after a World War I battle and ultimately settling on the lost city of Atlantis.
  • The novel The Hunt For Atlantis by Andy McDermott.
  • Walter Moers' book The 13½ Lives of Captain Bluebear bases several chapters in Atlantis, a megacity and capital of Zamonia. It is described as having every civilization in time occupying it, since sailors came here from every period and stay. The tale includes some real creatures, as well as a myriad of fantasy ones which make up the citizenry.
  • Edith Nesbit's The Story of the Amulet contains a chapter describing the fall of Atlantis.
  • Stories in Larry Niven's The Magic Goes Away series often mention Atlantis or feature Atlantean characters. The Burning City (2000), a novel by Niven and Jerry Pournelle set in that same fictional universe, features an Atlantean wizard. Within the novel the wizard briefly tells the story of how waste and misuse of mana, the scarce "magic energy" resource, had caused the sinking of Atlantis.
  • David Maclean Parry's The Scarlet Empire (1906) is a political satire set in Atlantis.
  • Stel Pavlou places Atlantis two miles under the ice in Antarctica in the adventure novel Decipher (2001). He also suggests orichalcum was pure C60.
  • Diana L. Paxson wrote Ancestors of Avalon, a book linking Bradley's Fall of Atlantis with the rest of Avalon Series.
  • Charles Portis's comic novel Masters of Atlantis concerns the establishment, and problems thereafter, of a cult dedicated to exploring the secrets and wisdom of Atlantis, gleaned from a short text supposedly recovered from Atlantis.
  • In Ayn Rand's novel, Atlas Shrugged, Dagny Taggart searches for a technologically advanced city many other characters refer to as Atlantis.
  • In Mothstorm, the final book of Philip Reeve's Larklight Trilogy, it is claimed that Atlantis was a lost continent on which the Mercurians had a colony before they left the Solar System thousands of years ago.
  • In A G Riddle's Origin series the Atlantians are a species of human on a separate planet. The 'city' of atlantis is actually a crashed spaceship, with a larger ship on the moon. The human race has had its genetic evolution accelerated by these crashed atlantians in their pursuit of science and military domination.
  • Michael Scott's series The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel centers much of the storyline around Atlantis (referred to as 'Danu Talis"). The magical 'elders' and their Shadow Realms' originate from Danu Talis.
  • Darren Shan's Dark Calling (2009) features a destroyed planet that is said to be Atlantis. The myths about the place apparently originated from visits that the atlantaens made to earth.
  • In Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson's The Illuminatus! Trilogy Hagbard Celine and crew travel to sites in submerged Atlantis. A portion of Atlantean history is also included in the book and it is suggested that the island of Fernando Pó (part of Equatorial Guinea) is the last surviving remnant of the continent. Shea and Wilson's story suggests that the Illuminati has its origins in Atlantis.
  • Heart of The Dragon, Jewel of Atlantis, The Nymph King, and The Vampire's Bride are a series of books by Paranormal Romance author Gena Showalter. They depict the magical hidden underwater land of Atlantis where the Greek Gods banished the horrible races of beings that were the product of the Titans.
  • E. E. "Doc" Smith mentions Atlantis in the first novel of the Lensman series as an advanced society ultimately destroyed by nuclear weapons which extinguished civilisation before it could get too powerful.
  • In Neal Stephenson's far-future novel "The Diamond Age" Atlantis is an Anglo-Saxon Great Phyle, mainly based on artificial islands but with enclaves elsewhere.
  • Jonathan Stroud's novel The Amulet of Samarkand mentions Atlantis as a former Greek colony on the island of Santorini in the Mediterranean
  • Christia Sylf’s Markosamo le Sage (1973) takes place during the Atlantean age.
  • A powerful slave-owning city that sinks and rises in an ocean very much like the Mediterranean is one of the main plot points in Duncan Thornton's book, Captain Jenny and the Sea of Wonders.
  • J. R. R. Tolkien's The Silmarillion includes the Akallabêth of Atalantë (The Downfallen), the history of his adaptation of Atlantis, known as the Island of Númenor or Westernesse, where the Númenóreans lived. Númenor was the home of the most advanced civilization of Men in the history of Middle-earth, and, much like Atlantis, the Island of Númenor was swallowed into the sea in a single night. (Aragorn of The Lord of the Rings is descended from the survivors of this people.)
  • In Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy's novel Aelita (1923), soviet engineer Mstislav Los' and a retired soldier Alexei Gusev arrive to Mars and find a civilisation of Atlantis survivors.
  • The novella in the December 2005 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Fact titled "Audubon in Atlantis" by Harry Turtledove. In this story, which is an alternate history tale, Atlantis is not mythical at all, but is the result of the eastern seaboard breaking off of North America sometime during the formation of the continents.
  • Jacint Verdaguer's 1877 classic Catalan poem L'Atlàntida.
  • Jules Verne's classic 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea includes a visit to sunken Atlantis aboard Captain Nemo's submarine Nautilus.
  • Robert Sheckley's short story King's Wishes (1953) features a genie who travels in time from the past in order to get advanced technology from the 20th Century. When the people he attempts to buy it from express concern it might cause a temporal paradox, the genie states he is from Atlantis, which will be destroyed along with the technology within a few years.

Manga and anime[edit]

  • Dartz, the main antagonist in the Yu-Gi-Oh! "Waking the Dragons" story arc is apparently from an Atlantis that was destroyed when all its inhabitants became their "True" evil selves after being exposed to a miracle substance known as "orichalcos". In addition, Yugi, Joey, and Kaiba all possess legendary dragons by the names of Timaeus, Hermos, and Critias, respectively; this is in reference to the dialogues of Plato by the same name that account the events of the cataclysm.
  • In 1989–1990, Gainax of the NHK group of Animation producers in Japan based an Atlantis story on Jules Verne's science fiction novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea called Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water. It has been speculated that many ideas from the Disney film came from the Japanese anime TV series, leading many of Nadia's fans to accuse the film of plagiarism. The main character Nadia is a descendant of the Atlanteans and the series main villains, the Neo-Atlantean empire, pretend to recover the lost Blue Water stones of Atlantis and use them to rule the world.
  • In episode 16 of Night Head Genesis, the continents of Atlantis, Lemuria and Mu are mentioned. It was said that these highly advanced civilizations capable of both space and time travel fell due to the impact the Minus Energy had on the Earth.
  • イリヤッド ~入矢堂見聞録~ A manga series created by Uoto Osamu and Toshusa Garaku about a former archaeologist from Japan and his search for the legendary city of Atlantis. The story combines all the modern and ancient theories of the exact location of Atlantis and the civilizations that are said to be influenced by it. Published by Shogakukan Inc
  • In manga (and anime) Ōgon Bat the main character is a hero from Atlantis, accidentally resurrected.
  • In Saint Seiya, the sunken Island of Atlantis is the sanctuary and base for the god Poseidon.
  • In the anime Super Atragon and Super Atragon part II, Earth finds itself at war with a civilization far in advance of their own, which is potentially either Atlantis, Mu, or Lemuria.
  • In The Mysterious Cities of Gold, Atlantis goes to war with the Empire of Mu, over a trivial misunderstanding, and using powerful superweapons manage to destroy one another. Both become sunken continents.
  • The manga (and the subsequent anime TV series) The Vision of Escaflowne takes place in a world, Gaea, mirrored to ours where Atlanteans were a race of winged people who fell in some catastrophic event. The technology of flying ships on Gaea is borrowed heavily from Edgar Cayce, who had psychic visions of flying ships powered by magical crystals. One of the main characters, Van, is said to have descended from the people of Atlantis. The people of Atlantis, also referred to as the Draconians or Dragon People (ryū-jin), were responsible for creating the mystical world of Gaea using the power of wishes, and the story of Escaflowne revolves largely around Emperor Dornkirk's attempt to regain that power. Note that the film version of Escaflowne does not involve Atlantis in any way.
  • Transformers: Cybertron, an animated series based on a popular toyline, featured the lost continent of Atlantis as an ancient Cybertronian starship which, instead of floating in the water, floated in the atmosphere close to the ground. The location of Atlantis and an ancient Cybertronian artifact, the Omega Lock, was a major focus of the series' initial thirteen episode arc.
  • in One Piece, an island by the name of Fishman Island is located at the bottom of the sea and is inhabited by mermaids and fishmen and is a possible nod to atlantis

Motion pictures[edit]

Films[edit]

  • 1936: Undersea Kingdom, Unga Khan seeks to conquer Atlantis and the surface world.
  • 1959: Journey to the Center of the Earth features the explorers who are trying to reach the core of the earth coming upon the remains of Atlantis far below the earth's surface.
  • 1961: Atlantis, the Lost Continent
  • 1978: Warlords of Atlantis posits that there is not just one but seven cities of Atlantis.
  • 1979: Island of Mutations starring Barbara Bach featured the lost city of Atlantis hidden beneath the sea.
  • 1983: The Raiders of Atlantis Ruggero Deogato's action flick from early 1980s.
  • 1985: Cocoon, a small group of aliens returns to Earth to find 20 of their species who were left behind when Atlantis was abandoned 10,000 years before.
  • 1988: Alien from L.A., in which Wanda Saknessum finds herself in an Underground World that was once Atlantis.
  • 1989: In Sing, the senior class' SING! production focuses on the last day of life for the people of Atlantis.
  • 1989: Atlantica in Disney's 1989 animated film The Little Mermaid may be based on Atlantis. Ironically, in a comic series based on the movie, the actual Atlantis was seen in a history lesson between Ariel and a wizard fish.
  • 1994: In MacGyver: Lost Treasure of Atlantis, MacGyver is searching for the lost continent.
  • 1995: Atlantis is responsible for the creation of both Gamera and Gyaos in the 1995 film Gamera: Guardian of the Universe, and may have ties to the kaiju Irys, who is believed to be a mutated form of Gyaos.
  • 2001: Atlantis: The Lost Empire is a Disney animated film. It featured some of the ideas of Edgar Cayce in which ships and aircraft were powered by a form of energy crystal.
  • 2003: Atlantis: Milo's Return is the sequel to the above.
  • 2007: In National Treasure: Book of Secrets, after FBI Section Chief Peter Sadusky (Harvey Keitel) hears that there is an article about famous treasure-hunter Ben Gates (Nicolas Cage) in the newspaper, he comments "What did he find now? Atlantis?" He makes the comment because Ben Gates is now world famous for finding a massive treasure that nobody believed actually existed.
  • 2008: 10,000 BC, in which the god-like race that commands the construction of a pyramid are believed by the slaves to have originated from a civilization that sank into the sea. Another scene in the film briefly shows a map depicting a large island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 2012: Journey 2: The Mysterious Island and Ice Age: Continental Drift (where Scrat arrives at Scratlantis, the scrat version of Atlantis)
  • Several films have been adapted from Pierre Benoit's 1919 novel L'Atlantide.

Television[edit]

Aerial view of Atlantis as depicted in Stargate Atlantis.
  • In an episode of American Dragon: Jake Long, Fu recalls going to Atlantis in his time-traveling misadventures in which he accidentally unclogs a drain in Atlantis, causing Atlantis to sink.
  • Atlantika - Atlantika is a Philippine fantasy-drama series produced by GMA Network about the fictional undersea kingdom of Atlantika. Atlantika opens with the tale of three lovers: Haring Agat (Gardo Versoza), Reyna Celebes (Jean García) and Barracud (Ariel Rivera). Their love triangle sparks a war that divides the underwater domain and pushes Barracud to the dark side. Aquano the Senturyon (Dingdong Dantes) must fulfill his duty of saving Atlantika by searching for the two lost princesses of the kingdom. One of them will be the woman destined for him (Ruana) while the other must be defeated before she destroys Atlantika itself (Amaya). With four princess-possible candidates to choose from; Cielo (Iza Calzado), Alona (Isabel Oli), Helena (Katrina Halili) and Elisa (Valerie Concepcion), Aquano asks the help of the most skillful Senturyon in Atlantika, Camaro (Rudy Fernandez), to train him for the fight of his life.
  • In the Centurions: Power Xtreme cartoon, Atlantis appeared as an underwater city in the two part episodes "Atlantis Adventure" and "Hole in the Ocean".
  • In the Captain Planet and the Planeteers episode "A World Below Us", Gi was rescued and taken to an underwater city called Oceanus, a reference to Atlantis.[original research?]
  • The British science-fiction series Doctor Who is renowned for presenting three different versions of Atlantis' ultimate fate. In the Patrick Troughton story The Underwater Menace (1967), the second Doctor, Ben, Polly and Jamie discover on contemporary Earth that Atlantis still exists, near the Azores, and a reclusive scientist intends to raise it above the waves again.
  • In the DuckTales episode "Aqua Ducks", Scrooge, Launchpad, Gyro and Doofus go looking for Scrooge's fortune underwater and discover The Lost City of Atlantis. They bring it to the surface with an invention of a gaseous solution by Gyro. Then in the next episode "Working for Scales" they hook helium balloons to it and make it fly in the sky. Huey, Dewey, and Louie discover The Lost Treasure of Atlantis inside it as well.
  • In the 1990s Flipper series, in the episode "Waterworld", Courtney is saved by a diver (Luke) looking for Atlantis (which is revealed to be off the coast of the Florida Keys). Luke reveals to Courtney that his grandparents died while searching for Atlantis and he wants to continue their legacy. Courtney's cousin Jackie suspects that Luke is an Atlantean himself due to the fact he can stay underwater for a long time without scuba gear, can communicate with dolphins and seemingly "morphs" into them while swimming. Later Luke and Courtney go diving and find Atlantis during a massive undersea quake. Courtney is rescued but not before she sees Luke (and Flipper) swim into a cave filled with light. At the end of the episode, everybody gives up hope of finding Luke when suddenly Flipper leaps out of the water with another dolphin (who has designs on his side similar to Luke's amulet). Courtney suddenly feels peace that Luke is all right.
  • "The Deep South" episode of Futurama involves a journey to the Lost City of Atlanta, which turns out to be the now-submerged city of Atlanta, Georgia.
  • The GoGo Sentai Boukenger character Morio Makino is obsessed with finding Atlantis.
  • In an episode of Hercules: The Animated Series, Atlantis is reigned by the wealthy king Croesus, that bribes many people. When Cassandra, pressed to show off her powers of prophecy, says that Atlantis will sink, the Fates bring out their tapestry to prove that it will not; however, Atropos accidentally slips and cuts Atlantis off, causing it to actually sink.
  • In an episode of Hercules: The Legendary Journeys entitled "Atlantis", Hercules finds himself washed ashore on that fabled land and has to contend with various crystal powered devices as well as Cassandra (Claudia Black) who has visions of impending doom for the island.
  • In the mock reality series I'm with Busey, Gary Busey claims that a continent called Atlantis existed "10,556 years ago." Busey claims that the Egyptian pyramids were part of a failed Atlantean experiment to connect Earth's energy with that of other planets so that "our energy would expand and be better," but in reality warped humankind's collective DNA, shortening the average lifespan. In other TV appearances, Busey has made claims to have lived on Atlantis at some point in the distant past, through unclear means.
  • In the animated TV series Justice League, related series, Atlantis is the home of Aquaman.
  • Man from Atlantis was a made-for-TV film and a short-lived (1977–1978) series on NBC, created by Mayo Simon and produced by Herbert F. Solow. It starred Patrick Duffy as an amnesiac called Mark Harris, presumably an apparent survivor of the lost continent of Atlantis, who could breathe underwater and endure the high pressures of the ocean depths.
  • Phineas and Ferb episode "Atlantis", in which the titular characters and their friends find Atlantis off the coast of Danville.
  • Prince of Atlantis is a short-lived CGI cartoon based on the legend of Atlantis.
  • In the SpongeBob Squarepants episode "Atlantis SquarePantis", SpongeBob, Patrick, Sandy, Mr. Krabs, Squidward and Plankton travel to the lost city of Atlantis, to find the world's oldest soap bubble, the Atlantic technology, the Atlantic treasure, the Atlantic arts and the Atlantic weaponry.
  • The science-fiction series seaQuest DSV episode "Lostland" deals with Commander Ford discovering a golden helmet and sword with carvings in it claiming it came from the lost continent of Atlantis. When Captain Bridger and Ortiz try the helmet on, they are consumed by an ancient curse held within the helmet.
  • In an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation entitled "Family", a terraformation project to create a new continent on Earth, called Atlantis, in the Atlantic Ocean, close to the Canadian coastline, is described. Jean-Luc Picard is asked to lead the project; unsure of his return to Starfleet in the wake of his traumatic experience with the Borg, he nearly accepts. The mythical Atlantis has also been mentioned twice elsewhere, both times as a comparison when the protagonists have discovered a utopian civilization.
  • In the Syfy Universal series Stargate Atlantis, Atlantis is a city-ship created by the 'Ancients' - a race of human-like beings who were much more technologically and evolutionarily advanced than we humans are. Several million years ago, Atlantis was moved from Earth to its final resting place in the Pegasus Galaxy, only to be submerged under a great ocean to protect it from the Ancients' enemies in Pegasus. Eventually the inhabitants were evacuated back to Earth through Atlantis' Stargate, and their stories gave rise to the legends of Atlantis, the great city, said to slumber under the ocean. Ten thousand years later a team of human explorers led by the civilian, Dr. Elizabeth Weir, travel to Atlantis via Earth's Stargate with a team of scientists and military personnel from all over the world to discover the secrets of the Ancients. (See Stargate)
  • The British TV game show The Crystal Maze, which was set across different periods of time and space, featured a "zone" between series four and six called "Ocean". The Ocean zone was set on a sunken ship called the S.S. Atlantis, which was a reference to the sunken city. The Atlantis sunk in 1947 after the captain got drunk and hit a mine in the Pacific Ocean. The ship is trapped in an air bubble which allows those inside the ship to breathe, but is perched on the edge of an abyss, weighted down by gold bullion in the hold. The only individual not to escape was Starbuck the ship's cat, who has since been driven mad by the sight of fish that it cannot reach through the portholes.
  • The 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon deals with the topic twice. In "The Lost Queen of Atlantis", the island temporarily arises from the sea outside the coast of Greece.[6] In "Atlantis Awakes", the TMNT help a merman Aleem coelacanth AKA Merdude find his way back to a very different version of Atlantis than the version previously featured on the show.
  • In the 2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series the turtles stumble upon an ancient underground city which is later revealed to be a colony of the long-lost Atlantis (Y'Lyntia, in the series).[7] The city is revisited in various episodes throughout the series and the history of the rise and fall of the civilisation is slowly revealed. The Y'lyntians are also responsible for various races such as the Avians, Mermen and Beasts of Burden which appear sporadically throughout the series.
  • In a second season episode of The Transformers entitled "Atlantis, Arise!", modern-day inhabitants of long-submerged Atlantis forge an alliance with Megatron and attempt to conquer Washington, DC.
  • In an episode of Transformers: Armada titled "Ruin", the Transformers follow a hologram left by an ancient girl to her underwater city, which is depicted with vast modern technologies. It is stated that the misuse of the mini-cons led to the fall of many Greek colonies, and this one is most likely connected to Atlantis.
  • Atlantis had also been mentioned in the Jon Pertwee serial The Dæmons (1971), with the godlike being Azal citing its destruction as a warning of an experiment gone wrong. Some have argued that The Underwater Menace and The Time Monster depict the flooding and collapse, respectively, of different parts of Atlantis, not the destruction of the whole, so that all three accounts may fit into one coherent narrative. Alternatively, and since the geographical and temporal locations seem to be at odds, the name 'Atlantis' may be taken as a translation convention – via the Time Lord gift that always translates local languages for the Doctor and his companions (and viewers) – referring to different lost prehistoric civilisations. The novel The Quantum Archangel suggests that the Daemons gave the Kronos crystal to the Atlanteans as a test, which they failed.
  • In The Fairly OddParents, Cosmo has been known to sink the Lost City of Atlantis nine times and was known as "The Accursed One". When Timmy Turner, as a merperson with the powers of Wet Willie (an Aquaman parody superhero), Cosmo, and Wanda explore underwater, they come upon Atlantis where its people are now merpeople and when Cosmo is spotted, their leader King Greg plans to sentence Cosmo to be eaten by one of the Kraken that Atlantis owns. After showing King Greg the reasons they should be happy underwater (the Wet Willie movie film persuaded him), Cosmo is no longer "The Accursed One". Unfortunately, a giant squid that Timmy tried to call to prove to the Atlanteans it existed had appeared and demolished Atlantis causing the Atlanteans to target Timmy ("The New Accursed One") now and the group escapes with some fish to "Clevelandlantis".
  • In an animated The Godzilla Power Hour episode, it was featured as a giant UFO that blasted off of Earth after Godzilla defeated the security droid guarding Atlantis. Episode is The Colossus Of Atlantis.
  • The Jon Pertwee serial The Time Monster (1972) concerns the plans of renegade Time Lord the Master to control Kronos, an ancient and powerful being worshipped by the Ancient Greek-style Atlanteans, while the third Doctor and Jo endeavour to stop him.
  • In "The Monkey Suit" episode of The Simpsons, Homer Simpson has a To Do-list upon which the item "Find, destroy Atlantis" is already checked.
  • According to an episode of the TV show Time Cracks, Atlantis was originally a town in the middle of the desert.
  • In an episode of Transformers: Cybertron titled "Deep", the Autobots are led to an underwater city in hopes of finding the mythical Omega Lock. As it turns out, Atlantis is a colonial Autobot ship that predates human evolution and which crashed on Earth, creating the legend of Atlantis as we know it. The starship Atlantis was surfaced and used many times in the series.
  • In an episode of Xiaolin Showdown, Dojo has been the cause of the Atlantis sinking the last time he has been released from his cage.
  • The Japanese giant monsters Gamera and Gyaos are the result of Atlantean engineering in films of the 1990s. It was hinted that Gamera was from Atlantis in his debut film, although never elaborated.
  • Atlantis is the setting of the 2013 BBC One fantasy series of the same name.
  • In the TV series Young Justice, main character Aqualad (Kaldur'ahm) is from the underwater city of Atlantis. The city is prominently featured in the episode Downtime, when Aqualad must choose whether he wants to remain with the team or return to Atlantis to continue his studies.

Music[edit]

Artists[edit]

Albums[edit]

(Alphabetical by album title)

Songs[edit]

(Alphabetical by song title, then by artist)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ultimate Fantastic Four #24
  2. ^ Ultimate Fantastic Four #56
  3. ^ Topolino e l'Atlantide continente perduto
  4. ^ "Zeal // Chrono Compendium". Chrono Compendium.com. 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  5. ^ www.atlanteantale.com
  6. ^ Episode Guide
  7. ^ Episode Guide

External links[edit]

  • Atlantis in John Clute and John Grant, eds., Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997)