Atlases of the flora and fauna of Britain and Ireland

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The biodiversity of Great Britain and Ireland is probably the most well-studied of any geographical area of comparable size anywhere in the world. This work has resulted in the publication of distribution atlases for many taxonomic groups. This page lists these publications.

A full atlas is generally regarded as a definitive work on distribution, whereas a provisional atlas is typically produced as an interim stage to show survey progress.

One of the bodies responsible for publishing a great number of distribution atlases is the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology. Each atlas presents 10 km² distribution maps for the species within its scope. Maps typically use different symbols to signify records from differing time-periods - solid symbols for 10-km squares (hectads) that have recent records, and unfilled symbols for 10-km squares for which only older records exist, according to a defined cut-off date.

The atlases are produced by the Biological Records Centre (BRC), which is run by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, part of the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, formerly based at Monks Wood Experimental Station, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdonshire, England, but now based at CEH Wallingford, Crowmarsh Gifford, Oxfordshire. The data used to produce the maps is gathered by volunteer biological recorders and collated by the BRC Recording Schemes.

The atlases fall into two groups:

  • Main Atlases are commercially published books, presenting the current state of knowledge for well-recorded groups. They typically include text information about the species, and other supporting material such as analyses of trends. They are usually produced only where a well-established recording scheme has been in operation for a significant period of time, and the scheme organisers believe that the data represent a comprehensive picture of the distribution of each species.
  • Provisional Atlases give recorders an indication of progress and illustrate early results. Some of the later ones are quite detailed and less "provisional" - for example the Hoverfly Atlas, which provides charts of flight-period as well as text, and the Atlas of Aquatic Bugs, which has biological information and identification aids for some of the animals.

Flora[edit]

Taxonomic group Publication details Body responsible for survey co-ordination Full or provisional Date range for survey data
Algae
  • Norton, T.A. 1985 Provisional atlas of the marine algae of Britain and Ireland
ITE
Mosses and Liverworts
Fungi
Slime-moulds
  • Ing, B. 1982 Provisional atlas of the myxomycetes of the British Isles
ITE
Pteridophytes (Ferns and alies) BSBI Full TBC
Flowering plants and conifers BSBI Full TBC

Fauna[edit]

Taxonomic group Taxonomic sub-group Publication details Body responsible for survey co-ordination Full or provisional Date range for survey data
Amphibians See Herpetofauna below
Birds Sharrock, J. T. R. (John Timothy Robin) (1976). The atlas of breeding birds in Britain and Ireland. Tring :: British Trust for Ornithology,. pp. 477p : ill., maps ; 27 cm. ISBN 0-903793-01-6.  BTO Full TBC
Lack, Peter (1986). The Atlas of wintering birds in Britain and Ireland. Calton, Staffordshire :: Published by T. & A.D. Poyser [for] British Trust for Ornithology, Irish Wildbird Conservancy,. pp. 447 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. ISBN 0-85661-043-7.  BTO Full TBC
Wernham, Chris (2002). The migration atlas movements of birds of Britain and Ireland. London :: T. & A. D. Poyser,. pp. 884 p. ISBN 0-7136-6514-9.  BTO Full TBC
Centipedes
  • Barber, A.D. & A.N. New 1988 Provisional Atlas of the Centipedes of the British Isles
ITE
Herpetofauna ITE Full TBC
Annelids Leechs
  • Elliott, J.M. & Tullett, P.A. 1982. Provisional atlas of the freshwater leeches of the British Isles.
ITE
Arachnida Harvest-spiders
  • Sankey, J.H.P. 1988 Provisional atlas of the harvest-spiders (Arachnida: Opiliones) of the British Isles
ITE
Spiders
  • Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (editors) 2002. Provisional atlas of British spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) 2 vols.
ITE
Insects Beetles
  • Alexander, Keith N. A. 2003 Provisional atlas of the Cantharoidea and Buprestoidea (Coleoptera) of Britain and Ireland
  • Johnson, C. 1993. Provisional atlas of the Cryptophagidae - Atomariinae (Coleoptera) of Britain and Ireland
  • Luff, Martin L. 1998 Provisional Atlas of the Ground Beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of Britain
  • Mendel, H. 1990. Provisional atlas of the click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateroidea) of the British Isles
  • Twinn, P.F.G and P.T. Harding 1999 Provisional Atlas of the longhorn beetles of Britain
  • Cox M., Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland (Bruchids and Chrysomelids) - (ISBN 978-1-874357-35-3)
ITE
Bugs ITE
Butterflies
  • Fox, R., Asher, J., Brereton, T., Roy, D. and Warren, M (2006) The State of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland , Pisces Publications (ISBN 1-874357-31-5)
  • Bland, K.P. 1986 Preliminary atlas of the Lepidoptera: Incurvarioidea of the British Isles
Butterfly Conservation

ITE

Full 2000–2004
Caddissflies
  • Marshall, J.E. 1978 Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles: Part 8, Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae, caddisflies
ITE
Dragonflies & damselflies
  • Merritt, R., N. W. Moore and B. C. Eversham (1996) Atlas of the dragonflies of Britain and Ireland, HMSO (ISBN 0-11-701561-X)
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology Full TBC
Earwigs See Grasshoppers, crickets & allies below
Fleas
  • George, R.S. 1974. Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles: Part 4, Siphonaptera, fleas.
ITE
True flies
  • Stubbs, Alan E. Provisional Atlas of the long-palped craneflies (Diptera, Tipulinae) of Britain and Ireland
  • Ball, S.G. & McLean, I.F.G. 1986 A preliminary atlas of the Sciomyzidae of Great Britain
  • Ball, S.G. & Morris, R.K.A. 2000 Provisional atlas of British hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae).
  • Drake, C.M. 1991 Provisional atlas of the Larger Brachycera (Diptera) of Britain and Ireland
  • Goldie-Smith, E.K. 1990 Distribution maps for Dixidae in Great Britain and Ireland
  • Pont, A. 1986 Provisional atlas of the Sepsidae (Diptera) of the British Isles.
  • Stubbs, A.E. 1993 Provisional atlas of the ptychopterid craneflies (Diptera: Ptychopteridae) of Britain and Ireland
ITE
Grasshoppers, crickets & allies
  • Haes, E. C. M. and P. T. Harding (1997) Atlas of grasshoppers, crickets and allied insects in Britain and Ireland, HMSO (ISBN 0-11-702117-2)
ITE Full TBC
Hymenoptera
  • Archer, M.E. 1979 Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles: Part 9, Hymenoptera: Vespidae, social wasps.
  • Anon. 1980 Atlas of the bumblebees of the British Isles
  • Barrett, K.E.J. 1979 Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles: Part 5, Hymenoptera: Formicidae, ants
  • Edwards, Robin (Ed.) 1997-2001 Provisional Atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland Parts 1-4
ITE
Lacewings and allies, ITE
Mammals ITE Full TBC
Millipedes
  • British Myriapod Group, 1988. Preliminary atlas of the millipedes of the British Isles
ITE
Nematodes
  • Brown, D.J.F., Taylor, C.E., Boag, B., Alphey, T.J.W. & Orton-Williams, K.J. 1977. Provisional atlas of the nematodes of the British Isles: Part 1-3, Longidoridae, Trichodoridae and Criconematidae
ITE
Reptiles See Herpetofauna above
Ticks
  • Martyn, K. P. Martyn, K. P. 1998 Provisional Atlas of the ticks (Ixoidea) of British Isles
ITE

References[edit]

External links[edit]