Atok, Benguet

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Atok
Municipality
Sunset in Atok
Sunset in Atok
Official seal of Atok
Seal
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Atok is located in Philippines
Atok
Atok
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°35′N 120°42′E / 16.583°N 120.700°E / 16.583; 120.700Coordinates: 16°35′N 120°42′E / 16.583°N 120.700°E / 16.583; 120.700
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Established 1900
Barangays 8
Government
 • Mayor Peter Buletin Alos
Area[1]
 • Total 214.99 km2 (83.01 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 19,242
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2612
Dialing code 74
Income class 4th class

Atok is a fourth class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 19,242 people.[2]

Geography[edit]

Atok has a land area of 21,499 hectares (53,130 acres).[1] The land is characterized as mountainous with many steep cliffs. The highest point in the Philippine Highway System is located at Barangay Paoay along Halsema Highway, at 2,255 metres (7,400 ft) above sea level.[3]

Atok is located in the heart of the province of Benguet. It is bounded by Kibungan on the north, Kabayan on the northeast, Bokod on the southeast, Tublay on the southwest, and Kapangan on the west.

Atok is about 46 kilometres (29 mi) from Baguio City.

Barangays[edit]

The 8 barangays of the Municipality of Atok[4]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Paoay 4,181 6 Abiang 1,766
2 Caliking 3,155 7 Naguey 1,723
3 Cattubo 2,674 8 Pasdong 1,078
4 Topdac 2,620 Atok Total 19,242
5 Poblacion 2,045

Climate[edit]

During the cold months of the year, the municipality experiences very low temperatures reaching 9 degrees Celsius. This causes frost to settle on the ground, causing millions of damage to crops, but drawing tourists to the town. [5] [6]

History[edit]

Spanish period[edit]

The area of Atok was previously referred to by the natives and Spanish colonizers as "Chontog", an Ibaloi word for "mountainous". Spanish military officials and missionaries arrived at Chontog in 1892, establishing precedencias (tax collection stations) in the area and its surrounding settlements.[7]

The Ibaloi phrase "Nay patok shi Chontog", which means "on the mountain top", was later shortened to "Atok".[8]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Atok was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[9] [10]

In August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly-created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Atok remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[10]

World War II[edit]

During the Second World War, Atok was the scene of fierce pitch battles between the military forces of the 1st, 2nd, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary, the USAFIP-NL 66th Infantry Regiments, the Igorot and Cordilleran guerrilla fighters and the Japanese Imperial Army forces. This is so because of the terrain along the Halsema road which is suited and ideal for the Filipino troops and guerrillas to mount ambushes and use the Philippine Commonwealth military and recognized guerrilla’s strategy of fighting. The place is now called the “Guerrilla Saddle” located at km. 26, Caliking, Atok.[3]

Post-war Era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet into regular municipalities. Atok was among them.[11]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Atok remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province. [12] [10]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Atok
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 13,853 —    
1995 14,862 +1.33%
2000 16,657 +2.47%
2007 19,253 +2.02%
2010 19,242 −0.02%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][13]

Education[edit]

Elementary Schools[edit]

The 22 public elementary schools of Atok (2012-2013)[14]
School Barangay
Adoyunan Elementary School Abiang
Beckes Pol-oc Primary School Paoay
Bilis Primary School Caliking
Boneng Elementary School Naguey
Bonglo Elementary School Paoay
Bosleng Elementary School Paoay
Busoc Primary School Poblacion
Cagui-ing Elementary School Caliking
Calasipan Elementary School Cattubo
Caliking Community School Caliking
Camp 30 Elementary School Caliking
Celo Haight Elementary School Paoay
Dalmacio Miguel Primary School Abiang
Englandad Primary School Paoay
Filomena P. Cating Elementary School Poblacion
Ja'pa Primary School Topdac
Mauro Laruan Elementary School Poblacion
Naguey Elementary School Naguey
Oyusan Primary School Cattubo
Pasdong Elementary School Pasdong
Rufino Alawas Elementary School Cattubo
Topdac Elementary School Topdac

Secondary Schools[edit]

The 2 public secondary schools of Atok (2013-2014)[15]
School Barangay
Atok National High School Poblacion
Atok National High School - Caliking Annex Ansagan

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Natural Attractions found in Atok". Province of Benguet. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  5. ^ Diola, Camille (2 January 2014). "Icy 9-degree temperature frosts crops in Benguet town". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Cabreza, Vincent; Quitasol, Kimberlie (6 January 2014). "Benguet frost welcomed by visitors, hated by tillers". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Municipality of Atok". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Municipality of Atok, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 

External links[edit]