Atoka County, Oklahoma
|Atoka County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|• Total||990 sq mi (2,564 km2)|
|• Land||978 sq mi (2,534 km2)|
|• Water||12 sq mi (30 km2), 1.18%|
|• Density||14/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Atoka County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and was formed before statehood from Choctaw Lands. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,007. Its county seat is Atoka. The name honors a Choctaw Chief named Atoka.
The area encompassed by the present Atoka County was originally part of Shappaway County in the Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation. About 1854, the area was formally designated Atoka County. The name, which honored Choctaw Chief Atoka, a leader of a party which migrated from Georgia to Indian Territory, was retained when Oklahoma became a state.
In 1858, the Butterfield and Overland established a stage route through the area. One station, Waddell's was near Wesley, a second station, Geary's was between Waddell's and the Muddy Boggy River, while a third was at Boggy Depot.
During the Civil War, Confederate troops established a supply depot named Camp Boggy Depot. After the war, the town of Atoka was established. In 1872, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railway (nicknamed the Katy) built a track through the county. It bypassed Boggy Depot and passed through Atoka, increasing the impotence of Atoka and contributing to the decline of Boggy Depot.
The economy of Atoka County has been largely built on coal mining, limestone quarrying, forestry and agriculture. Cattle raising became the leading business in the mid-twentieth century. A major employer is the Oklahoma State Penitentiary Farm (renamed the Mack H. Alford Correctional Center), a medium security prison that opened in 1933.
Atoka County is drained by North Boggy, Clear Boggy and Muddy Boggy Creeks, which are tributaries of the Red River. Atoka Reservoir is in the northern section of the county. The Ouachita Mountains are in the eastern part of the county, while the Sandstone Hills and Coastal Plains physiographic regions provide a more level terrain suitable for agriculture in the north and western part of the county.
- U.S. Highway 69
- U.S. Highway 75
- State Highway 3
- State Highway 7
- State Highway 43
- Indian Nation Turnpike
- Pittsburg County (north)
- Pushmataha County (east)
- Choctaw County (southeast)
- Bryan County (south)
- Johnston County (west)
- Coal County (northwest)
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,182 people, 4,964 households, and 3,504 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5.5/km²). There were 5,673 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.86% White, 5.86% Black or African American, 11.37% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 6.09% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.6% were of American, 10.3% Irish, 6.6% English and 6.1% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.4% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.
There were 4,964 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 117.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,752, and the median income for a family was $29,409. Males had a median income of $26,193 versus $18,861 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,919. About 15.70% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 21.10% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2013|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2012||74% 3,534||26% 1,241|
|2008||71.9% 3,511||28.1% 1,370|
|2004||61.8% 3,142||38.2% 1,946|
|2000||54.9% 2,375||44.1% 1,906|
Government and infrastructure
The following sites in Atoka County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Atoka Armory, Atoka
- Atoka Community Building, Atoka
- Isaac Billy Homestead and Family Cemetery, Daisy
- Boggy Depot Site, Atoka
- First Methodist Church Building, Atoka
- First Oil Well in Oklahoma, Wapanucka
- Indian Citizen Building, Atoka
- Captain Charles LeFlore House, Limestone Gap
- Masonic Temple, Atoka
- Bo McAlister Site, Wapanucka
- Middle Boggy Battlefield Site and Confederate Cemetery, Atoka
- Old Atoka County Courthouse, Atoka
- Old Atoka State Bank, Atoka
- Pioneer Club, Atoka
- Joe Ralls House, Atoka
- Captain James S. Standley House, Atoka
- Waddell's Station Site, Wesley
- Zweigel Hardware Store Building, Atoka
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Milligan, James C. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Atoka County."
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- "Mack Alford Correctional Center." Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.
- Underwood, William Henry. "A History Atoka County, Oklahoma". Bryan County Heritage Association, 1997. 213.
Atoka County is the scenic theme for the 1974 movie (showing OJ Simpson) called "The Klansman" however the film was actually made in Oroville, CA (a small nowhere town that holds the largest American dam)
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Atoka County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
||Coal County||Pittsburg County|
|Johnston County||Pushmataha County|
|Bryan County||Choctaw County|