|Municipality of Atolinga|
Location of Atolinga within Zacatecas and Mexico
|• Municipal President||Rodolfo Castro López, PAN|
|• Total||280 km2 (110 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,250 m (7,380 ft)|
|• Largest city||1,465 Atolinga|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
Atolinga is one of the 58 municipalities in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico. It is located on the southern part of the state of Zacatecas and is bordered by the municipalities of Tepechitlán and Florencia de Benito Juárez. To the east it is bordered by Tlaltenango de Sánchez Román and to the north and west by the state of Jalisco. The municipality covers a total surface area of 280 square kilometers (110 sq mi).
Prior to the arrival of the Spanish to the area, the region around Atolinga was inhabited by indigenous people of the Caxcan and Tepecan ethnic groups. The first Spanish contact with these people must have been in 1530 when Pedro Almíndez Chirino went through the Valley of Tlaltenango on a northbound expedition.
The first land grantee of the area was Pedro Sernosa, who later sold his land to Juan Fernández de Jara Quemada.
The town formed part of the jurisdiccion of Tlaltenango for both ecclesiastical purposes and governmental purposes until the beginning of the 1800s. In 1814, a plea was made by the citizenry that the community be granted its own town council and status as a municipality due to the long distance from the municipal seat and the ascending local population. The plea spells out that the town counted with nearly 700 "souls" and that within a radius of two leagues lived more than 3,700 people.
In the 2005 census Atolinga, reported a population of 2,738. Of these, 1,453 lived in the municipal seat and the remainder lived in surrounding rural communities.
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- "Atolingo", Encyclopedia de Municipios