Simon & Schuster

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Simon & Schuster
Simon and Schuster.svg
Parent company CBS Corporation
Founded 1924
Founder Richard L. Simon
M. Lincoln Schuster
Country of origin United States
Headquarters location 1230 Avenue of the Americas
Rockefeller Center
New York City
Key people Carolyn K. Reidy (President and Chief Executive Officer, Simon & Schuster, Inc.)[1]
Christopher Lynch (President and Publisher, Simon & Schuster Audio)
Ian Chapman (Chief Executive and Publisher, Simon & Schuster UK and International)
Jon Anderson (President and Publisher, Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing Division)
Jon Karp (President and Publisher, Simon & Schuster Publishing Group)
Judith Curr (President and Publisher, Atria Publishing Group)
Kevin Hanson (President, Simon & Schuster Canada)
Lou Johnson (Managing Director, Simon & Schuster Australia)
Louise Burke (President and Publisher, Gallery Publishing Group)
Rahul Srivastava (Managing Director, Simon & Schuster India)
Susan Moldow (President and Publisher, Scribner Publishing Group)
Publication types Books
Imprints Many (see below)
Official website www.simonandschuster.com

Simon & Schuster, Inc., a division of CBS Corporation, is a publisher founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln ("Max") Schuster. It is one of the four largest English-language publishers and publishing houses, alongside Random House, Penguin, and HarperCollins. It publishes over two thousand titles annually under 35 different imprints.

History[edit]

Middle 20th century HQ, Broadway

Early years[edit]

Crossword puzzles first appeared in the New York World in 1913, and soon became a popular feature in newspapers. In 1924, Simon's aunt, a crossword puzzle devotee, asked Simon whether there was a book of these puzzles that she could give to a friend. Simon discovered that none had been published, and, with Schuster, launched a company to exploit the opportunity.[2]

To attract attention, the book came with a pencil attached.[2] The advertising campaign implied that it was about to become a new fad:

The ad proved prophetic, and crossword puzzles were indeed the craze of 1924.[2] Simon & Schuster continues to be the preeminent U.S. publisher of crossword puzzle books.

Expansion[edit]

In 1939, with Robert Fair de Graff, Simon & Schuster founded Pocket Books, America's first paperback publisher.

In 1942, Simon & Schuster, or "Essandess" as it is called in the initial announcement, launched the Little Golden Books series in cooperation with the Artists and Writers Guild.[3] Simon & Schuster's partner in the venture was the Western Printing and Lithographing Company which handled the actual printing. Western Printing bought out Simon & Schuster's interest in 1958.

In 1944, Marshall Field III, owner of the Chicago Sun newspaper, purchased Simon & Schuster and Pocket Books. Following Field's death, in 1957 his heirs sold the company back to Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln Schuster, while Leon Shimkin and James M. Jacobson acquired Pocket Books.[4]

Corporate ownership[edit]

Simon & Schuster headquarters at 1230 Avenue of the Americas, Rockefeller Center, New York City

In 1975, Gulf+Western acquired the company, and nine years later, Prentice Hall was brought into the company fold, followed by mapmaker Gousha in 1987. G+W would change its name to Paramount Communications in 1989.

In 1994, Paramount was sold to the original Viacom, allowing S&S to launch several new imprints in conjunction with channels owned by Viacom's MTV Networks. Simon & Schuster's first move under Viacom was the acquisition of Macmillan USA.

In 1998, Viacom sold Simon & Schuster's educational operations, including Prentice Hall and Macmillan, to Pearson PLC, the global publisher and owner of Penguin and Financial Times.

Viacom would split into two companies at the end of 2005: one called CBS Corporation (which inherited S&S), and the other retaining the Viacom name. Despite the split, National Amusements retains majority control of both firms.

As part of CBS, Simon & Schuster is the primary publisher for books related to various media franchises owned by CBS, such as How I Met Your Mother, Star Trek, CSI, and Halo

In April 2012, the United States Department of Justice filed United States v. Apple Inc., naming Apple, Simon & Schuster, and four other major publishers as defendants. The suit alleged that they conspired to fix prices for e-books, and weaken Amazon.com's position in the market, in violation of antitrust law.[5]

In December 2013, a federal judge approved a settlement of the antitrust claims, in which Simon & Schuster and the other publishers paid into a fund that provided credits to customers who had overpaid for books due to the price-fixing.[6]

Personalities[edit]

Editors[edit]

Some of its prominent editors have been William Cole, Robert Gottlieb, and Michael Korda.

Authors[edit]

North America[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

[edit]

"The Sower", Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961

The sower, the logo of Simon & Schuster was inspired by the 1850 Jean-François Millet painting of the same name.[7]

Imprints[edit]

In addition to the main Simon & Schuster imprint are the following:

Adult publishing[edit]

Children’s publishing[edit]

  • Aladdin
  • Atheneum: initially (1959) a publishing house and adult imprint,[10] it now publishes children's titles, formerly just part of its output.[11]
  • Beach Lane Books
  • Little Simon
  • Margaret K. McElderry Books[12]
  • Paula Wiseman Books
  • Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers
  • Simon Pulse
  • Simon Spotlight

Audio[edit]

Former Imprints[edit]

  • Earthlight (UK science fiction imprint, discontinued)
  • Fireside Books
  • Green Tiger Press
  • Linden Press
  • Long Shadow Books
  • Poseidon Press (operated 1982–1993)
  • Richard Gallen Books
  • Sonnet Books
  • Wallaby Books

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Carolyn K. Reidy Named President and Chief Executive Officer of Simon &... - re> NEW YORK, Sept. 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2014-01-16. 
  2. ^ a b c Frederick Lewis Allen, Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920s, p. 165. ISBN 0-06-095665-8.
  3. ^ "Announcing Little Golden Books". Publishers' Weekly. September 19, 1942, pp. 991–94.
  4. ^ Business Timeline[dead link]
  5. ^ Mui, Ylan Q. and Hayley Tsukayama (April 11, 2012). "Justice Department sues Apple, publishers over e-book prices". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  6. ^ Molina, Brett (March 25, 2014). "E-book price fixing settlements rolling out". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  7. ^ Larson, Kay. "Poet of Peasants" in New York Magazine, 16 April 1984.
  8. ^ "New Davis Imprint Named 37 Ink". Publishersweekly.com. 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2014-01-16. 
  9. ^ Rutten, Tim (August 16, 2008). "The extreme-right way to make a buck". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008. 
  10. ^ Alfred A. Knopf, Jr.'s Atheneum—the publisher of Pulitzer Prize winners Edward Albee, Curtis Johnson and Theodore H. White—which included a children's division set up in 1961 by Jean Karl. Atheneum merged with Charles Scribner's Sons to become The Scribner Book Company in 1978. (This acquisition included the Rawson Associates imprint.) Scribner was later acquired by Macmillan in 1984, which was in turn purchased by Simon & Schuster in 1994.
  11. ^ Company history at simonsays.com.
  12. ^ Margaret K. McElderry died on February 14, 2001. Obituary at Publishers Weekly. Retrieved on Feb. 25, 2011
  13. ^ "Who Are 'The Big Six'?". Fiction Matters. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 2014-01-16. 

References[edit]

  • "Simon & Schuster Inc." International Directory of Company Histories. 4:671–672.
  • "Simon & Schuster Inc." International Directory of Company Histories. 19:403–405.

External links[edit]