Atsbi

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Atsbi (also known as Atsbi Endaselas) is a town in northern Ethiopia. Located in the Misraqawi (Eastern) Zone of the Tigray Region, about 50 kilometers northeast of Qwiha, this town has a latitude and longitude of 13°52′N 39°44′E / 13.867°N 39.733°E / 13.867; 39.733Coordinates: 13°52′N 39°44′E / 13.867°N 39.733°E / 13.867; 39.733 with an elevation of 2630 meters above sea level. It is the administrative center of Atsbi Wenberta woreda.

Overview[edit]

Mordechai Abir notes that, along with Ficho, Atsbi was an important center of trade in the blocks of salt called amoleh, which was used as late as the 20th century as currency. Both settlements lay on the borders of the former provinces of Agame and Enderta at the edge of the Ethiopian highlands.[1] Here caravans brought thousands of amolahs from the salt deposits in the Afar Depression, which were then sold to traders for about 100 to one Maria Theresa Thaler; these merchants then transported the blocks west to Adwa, Axum and Gondar, and south to Gojjam and beyond as far as Ennarea and the Kingdom of Kaffa where they sold them at a profit.[2]

The Italians occupied Atsbi on 12 November 1941, after clashing with the troops of Dejazmach Kassa Sebhat.[3] The refugee camp at Atsbi, along with the one at Korem, were shown on BBC television on 23 and 24 October 1984 as an example of the devastation of the 1983–85 famine.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this town has an estimated total population of 5,857 of whom 2,663 are men and 3,194 are women.[5] The 1994 census reported it had a total population of 3,381 of whom 1,418 were men and 1,963 were women.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mordechai Abir, Ethiopia: The Era of the Princes; The Challenge of Islam and the Re-unification of the Christian Empire (1769-1855) (London: Longmans, 1968), p. 47
  2. ^ The rate of exchange between the two items varied widely, from 80 amolahs to the Thaler to as many as 110. See the figures and sources in Richard K. P. Pankhurst, Economic History of Ethiopia Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University, 1968), pp. 461ff
  3. ^ "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 18 December 2007)
  4. ^ "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 10 January 2008)
  5. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4