The estimated population in the region as of 2004 was 621,200, but had grown to an estimate of 851,545 by 2011. It is among the poorest regions in the country, with a poverty rate of 83.9% according to a 2005 government report.
The region was previously part of the Fianarantsoa Province, and contains five districts: Befotaka Sud District (chief city: Befotaka), Farafangana District (Farafangana), Midongy-Atsimo, Vangaindrano District (Vangaindrano), and Vondrozo District (Vondrozo).
- "Madagascar: Profil des marchés pour les évaluations d’urgence de la sécurité alimentaire" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- Geohive, population data from INSTAT, Retrieved 18 August 2014
- Republic of Madagascar: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Annual Progress Report, International Monetary Fund (August 2006) (IMF Country Report No. 06/303) (poverty data is from 2005 Periodic Household Survey conducted by the Institut National de la Statistique de Madagascar (INSTAT))
- Rapport de mise en oeuvre des Priorites Regionales - Region Atsimo Atsinanana (2010) (pdf includes district and commune map)
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