Attersee (lake)

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Attersee
Attersee2.jpg
View from the Hochlecken mountain
Location Salzkammergut
Coordinates 47°54′N 13°33′E / 47.900°N 13.550°E / 47.900; 13.550Coordinates: 47°54′N 13°33′E / 47.900°N 13.550°E / 47.900; 13.550
Primary inflows Seeache
Primary outflows Ager
Basin countries Austria
Max. length 20 km
Max. width 4 km
Surface area 45.9 km²
Max. depth 171 m
Water volume 4.000.000.000 m³
Surface elevation 467 m
Islands (at Litzlberg)
Settlements Seewalchen, Schörfling, Weyregg,
Steinbach, Unterach, Nußdorf,
Attersee

Attersee (also known as the Kammersee or Lake Attersee) is the largest lake of the Salzkammergut area of Austria. It extends for about 20 km from north to south and 4 km from east to west. Its water comes from the Seeache, which flows out of another lake, the Mondsee. The Höllengebirge (literally meaning mountains of hell), with a height of up to 1,800 m, are located southeast of the lake. Situated to the southwest of the lake is the Schafberg (the "Sheep Mountain", 1,782 m).

At Litzlberg, there is a small island château, which Gustav Klimt frequently visited during the summer.

Schloss Kammer am Attersee. Gustav Klimt, 1910.

Due to its steady winds and clean water quality, Attersee is famous for attracting sailors and swimmers alike. During the season numerous sailing competitions are held.

One of the most cherished winds on Attersee is the so-called "Rosenwind" meaning "breeze of roses". It is an easterly wind that crosses a castle's rose garden and fills the air across the lake with the smell of roses.

The best time to visit Attersee is during spring, summer and autumn.

Because of the lake's size and despite the cold temperatures during winter the lake rarely freezes. The last time the lake was entirely covered with ice was in the late 1940s, when people were seen skating and riding motorcycles across the thickly frozen surface of the lake.

Fish[edit]

The following types of fish species live in the lake:

History[edit]

In August 1870, remains of prehistoric pile dwellings were found at Seewalchen near the northern end of the lake. In the middle of the 19th Century paddlesteamers were introduced on the lake to ferry mail and goods between the villages located around the Attersee. Today it is an important recreation site for people from the urban areas of Vienna and Linz.

Panorama[edit]

Attersee with Höllengebirge.

References[edit]

External links[edit]