Attica, Kansas

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Attica, Kansas
City
Location of Attica, Kansas
Location of Attica, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°14′32″N 98°13′39″W / 37.24222°N 98.22750°W / 37.24222; -98.22750Coordinates: 37°14′32″N 98°13′39″W / 37.24222°N 98.22750°W / 37.24222; -98.22750
Country United States
State Kansas
County Harper
Area[1]
 • Total 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Land 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,453 ft (443 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 626
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 614
 • Density 978.1/sq mi (377.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67009
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-03100[4]
GNIS feature ID 0470507[5]

Attica is a town in Harper County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 626.[6] The town was named after the historical region of Attica, in Greece.[7]

History[edit]

Land for the City of Attica was purchased in late June, 1884 and became the end of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway. The town was incorporated later, on February 16, 1885, with a population of 1,500 people. The population grew further until the Cherokee Outlet in northern Oklahoma was opened by a Land run in 1893, at which point many people moved south to that territory.[8]

Most of Attica is in Section 3 of Township 32 South of Range 9 West (S3-T32S-R9W) of the 6th Principal Meridian. The land for Attica was purchased from the Osage Land Trust, which also held the surrounding farmland. According to documents from Attica, the Osage Land Trust was held by the US government for the Osage tribe. Settlers could buy tracts of 160 acres (quarter-sections) for $1.25 / acre, and the money would go to the tribe. For reference, some of that land sold in 1909 for $12/acre.[8]

On May 12, 2004, the town was damaged by an F4 tornado that was featured on an episode of Shockwave on the History Channel.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Attica is located at 37°14′32″N 98°13′39″W / 37.24222°N 98.22750°W / 37.24222; -98.22750 (37.242124, -98.227489).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Attica has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 716
2000 636 −11.2%
2010 626 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 626 people, 246 households, and 155 families residing in the city. The population density was 978.1 inhabitants per square mile (377.6 /km2). There were 298 housing units at an average density of 465.6 per square mile (179.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 0.8% African American, 1.4% Native American, 1.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.

There were 246 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.0% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 42 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.1% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 25.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 636 people, 254 households, and 154 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,097.8 people per square mile (423.4/km²). There were 297 housing units at an average density of 512.6 per square mile (197.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.58% White, 0.94% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, and 0.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 254 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 31.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,012, and the median income for a family was $34,643. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,733. About 5.8% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 202. 
  8. ^ a b Attica Centennial Committee. Honoring the Past While Preparing for the Future: 1884 - 1984. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Attica, Kansas

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