Attica (Greek: Αττική, Attikí; IPA: [atiˈci]) is an administrative region that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the capital of Greece. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.
Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Piraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of which more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.
The Attica region was established in the 1987 administrative reform, and until 2010 comprised the 4 prefectures of Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica.
With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region is subdivided into 8 regional units:
The region's governor is, since 1 January 2011, Ioannis Sgouros, who was elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the Panhellenic Socialist Movement.
Roads and highways
The main roads and highways of Attica are:
Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and the "flying dolphins" (fast sea vessels), connect the port of Piraeus with the islands of the region.