Attica (village), New York
|Attica, New York|
|Incorporated||May 2, 1837|
|Named for||Attica, Ancient Greece|
|• Total||1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)|
|• Land||1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||981 ft (299 m)|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (580/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0942677|
The Village of Attica is on the northern border of Wyoming County. The village lies mostly within the Town of Attica, but the northern part of the village is within the adjacent Town of Alexander in Genesee County.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
Zerah Phelps was the first landowner in the Attica area, in 1802. He later became the first business owner in Attica, owning a gristmill. By 1810 the settlement grew into a town, but malaria and plague drove the settlers to higher ground. During the War of 1812 many people fled to the area from Buffalo. In 1837, Phelps' Settlement was incorporated becoming the Village of Attica.
In 1854, Dr. Davis established his health institute that people traveled to from around the country for treatment. In 1883, Eugene Norton created a cheese factory that became known as The Pineapple Cheese Factory. In 1918 the company's molds and patents were sold to the Kraft Cheese Company. The Stevens Family has owned some very prestigious livestock and one of their horses took first prize at the World's Fair. Agriculture remains an important aspect of the community.
As New York State began to expand its penal system, a group of citizens worked to get a state prison in Attica. In March 1929, roughly 700 acres (2.8 km2) were acquired for the prison and construction began in October. After two years the first inmates were transferred to Attica.
In 1957, The Attica Rodeo and Show Association was formed. Every year a rodeo is held at the rodeo grounds in Attica. It has been said to be one of the best in the eastern United States.
Attica at (42.865138, -78.276885).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), all land.
|Attica, New York|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The warmest temperatures in Attica typically occur in July and August. The highest temperature recorded near Attica is 103 °F in July 1936. The lowest ever recorded was -28 °F in February 1934. Snowfall is typical November through March. The highest recorded snowfall amount is 23 inches in January 1966. Recently in December 2012 the area experienced heavy snowfall. This was known as the December 25–28, 2012 North American blizzard which dropped approximately 15 to 17 inches of snow in record time. 
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,597 people, 1,072 households, and 709 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,542.8 people per square mile (596.8/km²). There were 1,158 housing units at an average density of 687.9 per square mile (266.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.81% White, 0.15% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.
There were 1,072 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the village the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $40,234, and the median income for a family was $47,049. Males had a median income of $35,729 versus $22,007 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,732. About 6.9% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Primary and secondary schools
Attica Central School District serves the village. The physical campuses of the ACSD include 1 High School, 1 Middle School, and 2 Elementary Schools. These are Attica Senior High School, Attica Junior High School, Prospect Elementary, and Sheldon Elementary.
Area colleges and universities
- Genesee Community College - Over 7,000 students and 60 academic programs of either two-year associate's degree programs or one year certificate programs. The main campus is located just north of Attica in nearby Batavia. GCC also has branch campuses in Albion, Medina, Warsaw, Dansville, Arcade, & Lima
- Monroe Community College - Over 90 degree and academic programs. Enrollment in fall of 2012 was over 17,000 students.
- State University of New York at Brockport - SUNY Brockport offers 49 undergraduate majors, 47 master’s degree programs, and teacher certification in 24 areas. The 464-acre campus is located in Brockport, New York along the Erie Canal in the greater Rochester area. Enrollment in fall of 2012 was over 8,000 students
- University at Buffalo - The University at Buffalo is a flagship institution in the State University of New York system. Located in Buffalo it offers more than 100 undergraduate degrees, including 205 master’s degrees, 84 doctoral degrees, & 10 professional degrees. Enrollment in the fall of 2012 was 28,952.
- University of Rochester - The University of Rochester is a top-tier research university. It offers more than 60 undergraduate majors and 30 graduate programs. Enrollment in the fall of 2012 was over 10,000 students.
- Parmenio Adams, (1776–1832), United States Congressman from New York, resided here.
- Charles B. Benedict, former US Congressman
- George Gilbert Hoskins, former US Congressman and Lt. Governor of New York
- Harold C. Ostertag, former US Congressman
- James O. Putnam, former New York State Senator
- James Edward Quigley, former Archbishop of Chicago
- Leo Richard Smith, former Bishop of Ogdensburg
- Frederick C. Stevens, former New York State Senator
- Robert S. Stevens, former US Congressman
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/03/12 through 12/07/12. National Park Service. 2012-12-14.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- NOWData "NOAA Weather", National Weather Service Forecast Office, Retrieved 2013-07-21
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Schools", Attica Central School District, Retrieved 2013-05-17
- "GCC", Genesee Community College, Retrieved 2013-07-21
- "Monroe Community College", Monroe Community College, Retrieved 2013-07-28
- "SUNY Brockport", State University of New York at Brockport, Retrieved 2013-07-28
- "University of Buffalo", The University of Buffalo, Retrieved 2013-07-28
- "University of Rochester", The University of Rochester, Retrieved 2013-07-28
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
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