Attilly

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Attilly
The Toiwn Hall
The Toiwn Hall
Attilly is located in France
Attilly
Attilly
Coordinates: 49°51′27″N 3°10′10″E / 49.8575°N 3.1694°E / 49.8575; 3.1694Coordinates: 49°51′27″N 3°10′10″E / 49.8575°N 3.1694°E / 49.8575; 3.1694
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Saint-Quentin
Canton Vermand
Intercommunality Pays du Vermandois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Paul Bruet
Area1 11.81 km2 (4.56 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 384
 • Density 33/km2 (84/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02029 / 02490
Elevation 66–141 m (217–463 ft)
(avg. 150 m or 490 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Attilly is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Picardy region of northern France.

Inhabitants of the commune are traditionally referred to as "les Gens d'Attilly," or "the People of Attilly." For over 20 years, residents have debated whether their demonym should be Attillois or Attilliens however the Habitants website states that it should be Attilliens or Attilliennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Attilly is located 5 km west of Saint-Quentin just north of the A29 autoroute which passes through the south-western corner of the commune. It can be accessed by several roads: the D73 from Beauvois-en-Vermandois in the south-west to Villeveque, the D733 from Etreillers in the south going north-west to Villeveque, the D33 going north from Etreillers to Attilly village and continuing north to Marteville and Vermand, the D73 from the D1029 in the north to Marteville, and the D686 from Holnon in the east to the village. There are three villages and hamlets in the commune:[2]

  • Attilly in the centre with the town hall, the school (closed), the festival hall, the church, the train station (closed), 25 cafes (all closed), and a water tower
  • Marteville in the north with its cemetery, railway station (closed), castle (private) is located next to the village of Vermand
  • Villeveque in the west with the villa of the Prince of Monaco, ponds for fishing, and the mill (where it is possible to learn to swim)

Much of the commune is farmland however it is partly surrounded by the Forests of Holnon and Attilly.[3]

The Omignon river passes along and forms the north-western border of the commune through Marteville and Villevèque.[4]

Neighbouring communes and villages[4][edit]

History[edit]

The name Attilly is derived from a word translated as "overlooking the water" and probably owes its name to its position atop a hill.[5] The origin of the name Attilly therefore probably dates back to a Roman villa. However, the region has been inhabited for much longer.[6]

Charles Poette[7] wrote a history at the beginning of the 20th century. The village was destroyed during the First World War: only a single wall was still standing at the end of the conflict on the Rue du Prozet.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Attilly[8]

From To Name Party Position
François Vassant
Georges Lenain
1983 2008 Pierre Vassant
2008 2020 Jean-Paul Bruet

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 384 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
505 521 576 561 719 712 695 730 733
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
742 781 807 769 730 670 670 664 597
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
663 651 543 401 417 391 388 368 381
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 2010
411 376 376 378 401 397 403 391 384

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Attilly

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The War memorial
  • The Church of Saint Martin
  • The War memorial commemorating the First World War.
  • Marteville Communal Cemetery, a British military cemetery managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
  • A Calvary on the road between Attilly and Marteville (Vermand), another between Attilly and Holnon, and another on the road to Etreillers. There is also one at the entrance to the village from the Attilly forest which is located facing the road to Vermand not far from the church
  • A Calvary or Wayside Cross on the dirt road towards Etreillers after the water tower at the top of the village.
  • A Tomb on the road to Etreillers
  • The Place Verte (Green Square) located on the old Roman road between Holnon and Vermand
  • The ruins of a Chapel in the middle of Attilly forest where there was an old village abandoned after the First World War
  • The Place du Sar (Royal Square) where 14 July is celebrated and where the hall is built
  • A Dovecote next to the Rue de l'Eglise.

Picture Gallery[edit]

Culture[edit]

The language spoken in Attilly is still a Picard dialect.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Attilly (French)
  2. ^ Canton of Vermand Map (French)
  3. ^ Forests of Holnon and Attilly (French)
  4. ^ a b Google Maps
  5. ^ History of Aisne (French)
  6. ^ Fagnart, Jean-Pierre, Industry at Federmesser in the Forests of Holnon at Attilly, Aisne, France, in a North-west European context, 1987 (French)
  7. ^ Charles Poette Book (French)
  8. ^ List of Mayors of Aisne>