Attleboro (MBTA station)

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For the station in England, see Attleborough railway station.
ATTLEBORO
Attleboro, MA, train station.jpg
Northbound view along tracks
Station statistics
Address 75 South Main Street
Attleboro, MA 02703-2906
Coordinates 41°56′29″N 71°17′06″W / 41.9413°N 71.2849°W / 41.9413; -71.2849
Line(s)
Connections Bus transport GATRA: 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Parking 796 spaces
Bicycle facilities 28 spaces
Other information
Opened 1906-1908
Electrified 11 December 2000
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by MBTA
Fare zone 7
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 1,665 (weekday inbound average)[1]
Northbound and Southbound Stations
Location 1 and 3 Mill St., Attleboro, Massachusetts
Built 1906
Architectural style Other, Romanesque, Richardsonian Romanesque
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 88003128[2]
Added to NRHP January 5, 1989
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
Providence/Stoughton Line

Attleboro is a commuter rail station on the MBTA's Providence/Stoughton Line located in Attleboro, Massachusetts. By a 2013 count, Attleboro had 1,665 daily riders, making it the sixth busiest station on the system.[1]

Attleboro has had railroad service to its downtown area continuously since 1835. The two-story northbound and southbound station buildings, now private businesses, were built during a grade crossing elimination project in 1906-1908 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. MBTA trains stop at platforms located slightly south of the historic buildings.

Attleboro is an important transfer station for the Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority, with six routes converging at the adjacent Attleboro Intermodal Transportation Center.

History[edit]

Original station in 1906, just months before it was replaced with the modern station buildings
Early postcard of the northbound building

The original Boston and Providence Railroad station, a complex Victorian Gothic building, was located north of Mill Street at a grade crossing.[3] Service began in June 1835 from Boston to Providence. Two branches opened from Attleboro: The Attleboro Branch Railroad (run by the B&P) opened in January 1870, followed by the New Bedford and Taunton Railroad's Attleboro Branch (to Taunton) in August 1871.[4]

The Boston & Providence was taken over by the Old Colony Railroad in 1888, which itself was absorbed by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1893. The lease of the Attleboro Branch Railroad expired in 1901; the New Haven built a different connector to the Walpole and Wrentham Railroad and the branch was returned to its owners. It was converted to an interurban trolley line locally known as the "Gee Whiz Line" in June 1903. Taken over by the Rhode Island Company in 1907, service lasted as long as 1932.[5] The town plans to convert part of the right of way into a recreational trail.[6]

In 1891, the town petitioned the New Haven Railroad to eliminate dangerous grade crossings in the town. In 1905, the railroad set out to construct a lengthy viaduct for the mainline and the branch to Taunton. The project removed 13 grade crossings and made the line four tracks through Attleboro - one of the few locations east of New Haven where the railroad completed quadruple-tracking plans. Two-story Romanesque station buildings were built on both sides; the northbound building opened in 1906 and the larger southbound building two years later.[3]

Service on the branch to Taunton lasted until 1958, with summer-only long distance service to Cape Cod lasting until 1964. In April 1979, off-peak MBTA service to Providence was cut back to Attleboro due to a reduction in subsidy from the state of Rhode Island. All service was cut to Attleboro on February 20, 1981.[7]

The station served Amtrak's Cape Codder during the summers of 1986 to 1988, with the Cape Cod and Hyannis Railroad operating additional state-funded service from Attleboro to Hyannis in 1988. The CC&HR stopped operation after the 1988 season due to elimination of state subsidies.[8] The Cape Codder discontinued its Attleboro stop in 1989 as it served just 3 riders per train, though the service ran until 1996.[9]

Rush hour MBTA service was restored to Providence on February 1, 1988. Off-peak and weekend service was extended to South Attleboro upon its opening on June 20, 1990; those trains were later extended to Providence under expanded funding agreements.[7]

On January 5, 1989, the station buildings were added to the National Register of Historic Places.[10] Both buildings are owned by private businesses.

GATRA Bus Connections[edit]

Attleboro Intermodal Transportation Center viewed from the southbound MBTA platforms

GATRA operates six local bus routes connecting to the station:

  • Route 10 - Attleboro to North Attleboro
  • Route 12 - South Attleboro to Attleboro
  • Route 14 - Attleboro to Plainville
  • Route 15 - Oak Hill
  • Route 16 - Seekonk to Attleboro
  • Route 18 - Attleboro, Norton, and Taunton

The Attleboro Intermodal Transportation Center was opened on November 7, 2013 to provide better connections between local bus and commuter rail services. The facility includes dedicated busways and a waiting room located on the west side of the railroad viaduct.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ridership and Service Statistics" (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ a b Roy, John H. Jr. (2007). A Field Guide to Southern New England Railroad Depots and Freight Houses. Branch Line Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN 9780942147087. 
  4. ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 146–152, 327–330. ISBN 0942147022. 
  5. ^ Hannan, Bill (20 March 1999). "HANNAN: Finally, on the right track". Sun Chronicle. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Open Space and Recreation Plan Committee (July 2009). "Open Space and Recreational Plan". City of Attleboro, Massachusetts. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (22 March 2014). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  8. ^ A. Joseph DeNucci (29 October 1990). "State Auditor's report on the activities of the Cape Cod and Hyannis Railroad under the 1986, 1987 and 1988 passenger service agreements with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts". Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  9. ^ Jonathan Saltzman (25 June 1989). "Trains to the Cape don't stop in Attleboro anymore". Providence Journal. 
  10. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". National Park Service. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  11. ^ Jessen, Klark (7 November 2013). "Attleboro RTA Intermodal Center Celebrated". MassDOT Blog. Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 

External links[edit]