||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2012)|
|• District Coordination Officer||Usman Ahmed Ch.|
|• District Police Officer||Muhammad Hilal Khan|
|• Total||6,857 km2 (2,648 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,758 m (9,049 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Languages||Punjabi, Pashto and others like Hindko, Urdu,|
The district was created in April 1904 by the merger of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum District with the Pindigheb, Fatehjang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District of the Punjab province of British India.
Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognising the strategic importance of this area, in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort complex here. The fall of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century saw the rise of Hindu Maratha state and Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the west. Once again Attock became a battle ground between two contending powers. Maratha Peshwa's brother Raghunathrao won Attock and flagged Hindu dominance over this area in 1758. But in the Third Battle of Panipat the Marathas lost to Ahmead Shah Abdali and lost control of this region. The British finally ended the feud by subjugating both Sikhs and Afghans in the 19th century.
Attock District original name was Attock it changes Campbellpur after the Briton Sir Colin Campbell who founded the city of Campbellpur. The name of the district was changed to Attock as of 1978 again. Attock city is the district headquarters.
Attock District is bordered by the Haripur and Swabi districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the north, the district of Rawalpindi and capital Islamabad to the east, the district of Chakwal to the southeast, the district of Mianwali to the southwest, and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa's districts of Kohat and Nowshera to the west and northwest. The river Indus forms the western boundary of the district.
Attock is the eastern terminus of the Kabul-Attock corridor to the Central Asia through which for centuries have passed the armies and the caravans alike. However unlike the modern highways, this corridor is not a work of engineering marvel but an act of nature as it was naturally carved through the Hindu Kush Mountains by the legendary Kabul River.
The 435 miles long journey of River Kabul starts just west of the Kabul city in Afghanistan and ends at Attock where it ultimately falls into the River Indus.
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the Attock district, by spoken language:
- Punjabi language: 90%
- Other: 10%
Inhabitants of Attock District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects: which are
- Chhachi (Northern parts of district mainly in Attock tehsil)
- Ghebi (Western parts of district in Fateh Jang and Pindigheb tehsil)
- Majhi or standard (Sizeable population in cities)
- Jandali (Jand Tehsil Southern border areas with Mianwali)
- Pothohari (Easteren border areas)
Other Languages include:
- Pashto which is also spoken by sizeable population in the KPK province border areas and in the cities.
- Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population.
- English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite.
Dhullian is a village in Pindigheb Tehsil. This village has important resources namely oil and gas, It has been providing oil since the 1930s. There are all types of soil as mountains, plain areas fertile grounds and it also has a river flowing through it. There is a famous Ghala Mandi located in Dhullian Chowk. Here 90% of the total population area agricultural. This historical village is located at the end of Attock District.
Geography and climate
Attock District has a climate of hot summers and cold winters. The northern part of the district is more humid and is more moderate in climate relative to the southern part of the district due to the higher altitude. Geographically, the district is mainly hills, plateaus and dissected plains. The Indus River flows on the northern and western borders of the district. After Haripur, the Haro River passes through the north of the tehsil of Attock where there is a flood plain with fertile soil. The District's average annual rainfall is 783 mm.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 1,274,935 of which 20.45% were urban, The estimated population in 2008 was 1.58 million.
According to the Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930, Hindus made up 8.5% of the total population .
The city also had a significant Muhajir population. In fact, Attock city is dominated by the immigrants from India and there population multiplied at a phenominal rate as they are inclined toward having many children. Also most of the business is controlled by them. They hold key positions in public and private sector too.
During the soviet war in Afghanistan a great number of afghan refugees came to Attock as it is closed to Peshawar, although many of these refugees have moved back to Afghanistan but still there is a considerable percentage of those who chose not to go back and have started their lives in Attock.
Hindu population before 1947
Attock District had a heterogeneous mix of religious and ethnic populations before 1947. The Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930 records "Hindus, who make up 8.5% of the total population are by tribes and in order of numerical importance, Khatris, Aroras, Brahmans and Mohyals". After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Attock District.
- Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930, Punjab Government, Lahore 1932. Reprinted version: Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore, 1989
- When Kabul comes to Attock : ALL THINGS PAKISTAN
- "Official Website". Attock Police. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "Pakistan: Population 1901–98". Urban Resource Centre. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930 , Sang-e-Meel Publications , Lahore , Page 115
- District Profile: Central Punjab- Attock
- Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930 published by Sang-E-Meel Publications and Page 115