Attorney General of Pakistan
The Attorney General for Pakistan is appointed under Article 100 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Deputy Attorney General of Pakistan appointed under the Central Law Officers Ordinance, 1970. The Attorney General is the chief legal advisor of the government and serves at the pleasure of the President of Pakistan or till his/her resignation.
Mr. Aziz A. Munshi, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of Pakistan holds the record for being Attorney General for Pakistan for four different terms (08.01.1985 to 30.10.1986) (29.05.1988 to 03.12.1988) (06.08.1990 to 13.07.1993) and (02.11.1999 to 30.09.2001), and Federal Law Minister from 28.11.1999 to 27.11.2000. Mr. Aziz A. Munshi has appeared as Attorney General in most of the important Constitutional cases in Pakistan's history before the Honourable Supreme Court and High Courts, including but not limited to the dissolution of the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies on several occasions, and he has been responsible for the drafting and promulgation of federal and provincial laws as well as Constitutional amendments.
Controversially in Pakistan the Attorney General had the right to private practice. The reasons for this was that in Pakistan an Advocate is institutionally independent, and is not in the ordinary course permitted to be employed. It is customary however that despite this permission to do so, AG's do not appear on behalf of other clients, with the exception of briefs accepted before assumption of office which are at a stage of litigation where it would be impossible to instruct another Advocate. Sharifuddin Pirzada a former three time Attorney General and Malik Qayyum were conspicuous for their use of this right and accepting private briefs even after assuming office which was viewed by many as unethical and a conflict of interest. It is pertinent to note that the last three Attorneys General before Mr. Malik Mohammad Qayyum did not make use of their right of private practice. The 18th amendment ( passed in April 2010) to the Constitution of Pakistan abolished the Attorney General's right to private practice.
In January 2014, Attorney General Munir A. Malik, Senior Advocate Supreme Court, tendered his resignation from office citing personal reasons. He was succeeded by Salman Aslam Butt an advocate of Supreme Court.
List of Attorneys General for Pakistan
|Name of Attorney General||Entered Office||Left Office|
|Faiyaz Ali||Appointed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah 1947||1956|
|Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada||May 1968||December 1971|
|Yahya Bakhtiar||December 1971||July 1977|
|Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada||July 1977||December 1984|
|Aziz A Munshi||8 January 1985||30 October 1986|
|Ali Ahmed Fazeel||October 1986||May 1988|
|Aziz A Munshi||29 May 1988||3 December 1988|
|Yahya Bakhtiar||December 1988||August 1990|
|Aziz A Munshi||6 August 1990||13 July 1993|
|Qazi Mohammad Jameel||1994||1996|
|Chaudhry Muhammad Farooq||1997||October 1999|
|Aziz A Munshi||2 November 1999||30 September 2001|
|Barrister Makhdoom Ali Khan||September 2001||August 2007|
|Justice (r) Malik Mohammad Qayyum||August 2007||August 2008|
|Latif Khosa||August 2008||October 2009|
|Anwar Mansoor Khan||December 2009||April 2010|
|Justice (r) Maulvi Anwar ul Haq||April 2010||April 2012|
|Irfan Qadir||April 2012||June 2013|
|Munir A. Malik||June 2013||January 2014|
|Salman Aslam Butt||January 2014|
- Ghayas Mohammad
- Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim
- Sardar Khan
- Syed Iqbal Haider