Aubeterre is located some 25 km north by north-east of Troyes and 17 km south by south-west of Arcis-sur-Aube. Access to the commune is by the D677 road from Voué in the north passing through the length of the commune and the village and continuing to Feuges in the south. The commune is entirely flat farmland.
Before being called Aubeterre the name of the commune was Alba-Terra. On 1 January 2011 the communes of Aubeterre and Montsuzain integrated into the Community of communes Seine Melda Coteaux. A Primary Elementary School is located in the heart of the village next to City Hall. A coffee shop the Betty Boop-Diner is located on the D677 in the village. In late August 2013 the coffee shop changed its name and became Le Relais des amis (The Inn of friends).
In 2010 the commune had 254 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
^At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.