Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aubrey de Vere
20th Earl of Oxford
Spouse(s) Anne Bayning
Father Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford
Mother Beatrix van Hemmend
Born (1627-02-28)28 February 1627
Died 12 March 1703(1703-03-12) (aged 76)

Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford KG PC (28 February 1627 – 12 March 1703) was a Royalist during the English Civil War.


He was the son of Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford and his wife Beatrix van Hemmena.

Aubrey was a Royalist during the English Civil War, and for this he was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was richly rewarded for his loyalty by Charles II after the Restoration in 1660. He later took the side of William of Orange against James II in the Glorious Revolution.


On 12 April 1647, he married Anne Bayning, a daughter of Paul Bayning, 2nd Viscount Bayning. Anne died in 1659 and Aubrey married Diana Kirke, daughter of George Kirke and granddaughter of Aurelian Townshend.[1] They had five children:[2]

  1. Charles, who died as an infant.
  2. Charlotte, died young
  3. Lady Diana de Vere, who married King Charles II's illegitimate son, Charles Beauclerk, Duke of St Albans.
  4. Mary, died unmarried
  5. Henrietta, died unmarried

Since he had no surviving sons and as no other suitable claimant came forward, he became the last de Vere Earl of Oxford, one of the longest-lived titles in the peerage of England. The first de Vere earl had received his title from the Empress Matilda in 1141.


  1. ^ Cokayne 1945, pp. 260–1; Chambers 1912, p. xxxvi.
  2. ^ Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages, London, 1883


Legal offices
Preceded by
(The Protectorate)
Justice in Eyre
south of the Trent

Succeeded by
The Duke of Monmouth
Military offices
New regiment Colonel of The Royal Regiment of Horse
Succeeded by
The Duke of Berwick
Preceded by
Earl of Arran
Colonel of The Royal Regiment of Horse
Succeeded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Essex
jointly with The Duke of Albemarle 1675–1687

Succeeded by
The Lord Petre
Preceded by
The Lord Petre
Lord Lieutenant of Essex
Succeeded by
The Lord Guilford
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Robert de Vere
Earl of Oxford