Aubrey de Vere II
Aubrey de Vere II (c. 1080 – 1141) — also known as "Alberic[us] de Ver" — was the second of that name in England after the Norman Conquest, being the eldest surviving son of Alberic or Aubrey de Vere who had followed William the Conqueror to England in or after 1066.
Aubrey II served as sheriff of London and many shires and as a Justiciar under kings Henry I and Stephen. King Henry I awarded the office of master chamberlain, to Aubrey and his heirs in 1133. The chronicler William of Malmesbury reports that in 1139 Aubrey spoke for King Stephen at the church council at Winchester, when the king had been summoned to answer for the seizure of castles held by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury. Aubrey was killed by a London mob in May, 1141, and buried in the family mausoleum at Colne Priory, Essex. His wife Adeliza, daughter of Gilbert fitz Richard of Clare, survived him for twenty-two years. For a large portion of that time she was a corrodian at St. Osyth's Priory, Chich, Essex.
The stone tower at Hedingham, Essex, was most likely begun by Aubrey II and completed by his son and heir, Aubrey III. In addition to his patronage of Colne Priory, the new master chamberlain may have founded a cell of the abbey St. Melanie in Rennes, Brittany, at Hatfield Broadoak or Hatfield Regis, Essex.
His eldest son Aubrey de Vere III, was later created Earl of Oxford, and their descendants were to hold that title and the office that in later centuries was known as the Lord Great Chamberlain until the extinction of the male line in 1703.
Aubrey II married Adeliza/Alice (died 1163), daughter of Gilbert Fitz Richard of Clare. Their known children are:
- Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford (married 1. Beatrice countess of Guisnes, 2. Eufemia, 3. Agnes of Essex)
- Rohese de Vere, Countess of Essex (married 1. Geoffrey de Mandeville 1st earl of Essex, 2. Payn de Beauchamp)
- Robert (married 1. Matilda de Furnell, 2. Margaret daughter of Baldwin Wake)
- Alice "of Essex" (married 1. Robert of Essex, 2. Roger fitz Richard)
- Geoffrey (married 1. widow of Warin fitz Gerold, 2. Isabel de Say)
- Juliana, Countess of Norfolk (married 1. Hugh Bigod 1st earl of Norfolk, 2. Walkelin Maminot)
- William de Vere, Bishop of Hereford
- Gilbert, prior of the Knights Hospitaller in England
- an unnamed daughter who married Roger de Ramis.
- Davis, et al.: "Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum". Oxford University Press, 1913–68: v. 2.
- Cokayne, George: "The Complete Peerage", v. 10. St. Catherine Press, 1910–58.
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Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford
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