Auburn Hills, Michigan
|Auburn Hills, Michigan|
|City of Auburn Hills|
Chrysler World Headquarters
|Motto: "Honoring The Past. Building The Future" |
Location in the state of Michigan
|• Manager||Pete Auger|
|• Mayor||Kevin McDaniel|
|• City||16.64 sq mi (43.10 km2)|
|• Land||16.60 sq mi (42.99 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||961 ft (293 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||21,614|
|• Density||1,289.9/sq mi (498.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||48321, 48326|
|Area code(s)||248, 947|
|GNIS feature ID||1675443|
|Website||City of Auburn Hills, Michigan|
Auburn Hills began as Pontiac Township, including the village of Auburn, in 1821, at what is today the corner of Auburn and Squirrel roads. Situated on the Clinton River, it was named by Aaron Webster, the first settler, for Auburn, New York. His sawmill and grist mill attracted settlers to Auburn. After the streets were laid out in 1826, Auburn rivaled nearby Pontiac until the 1860s, when it lost its prosperity. The town was renamed Amy in 1880, and it officially became Auburn Heights in 1919. Pontiac Township bordered the city of Pontiac on two sides. The township attempted to incorporate as Pontiac Heights in 1971, but the request was denied by state officials. Pontiac Township became a charter township in 1978, to protect itself from further annexation. The city was formed in 1983 when Pontiac Township became the City of Auburn Hills, and included the village of Auburn Heights. It is not to be confused with the city of Auburn, Michigan, that exists in Bay County, near Saginaw Bay.
In 1908, automobile pioneer John Dodge bought a farmhouse 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Auburn Heights to use as his country retreat. His oldest child, Winifred Dodge, married real estate baron Wesson Seyburn, who built his own country retreat 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north of Auburn Heights. The estate included hunting land, dog kennels, a swimming pool, horse stables, and a 5,000-square-foot (460 m2) Colonial Revival house. Pontiac Township purchased the estate in 1976, and adapted the buildings for government use. Today, it is known as the Auburn Hills Civic Center.
The first use of the name "Auburn Hills," in 1964, was by Oakland Community College. They named their campus (a former Nike missile base) at Featherstone and Squirrel roads for the town and the hilly terrain in the area. Besides Oakland Community College, three other colleges, Oakland University, Baker College, and Cooley Law School have campuses partially within the city limits.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.64 square miles (43.10 km2), of which, 16.60 square miles (42.99 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 21,412 people, 8,844 households, and 4,923 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,289.9 inhabitants per square mile (498.0 /km2). There were 9,965 housing units at an average density of 600.3 per square mile (231.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.3% White, 18.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.9% Asian, 2.7% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.
There were 8,844 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.3% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 31.4 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 17.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% Female and 51.6% Male
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,837 people, 8,064 households, and 4,604 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,194.5 per square mile (461.1/km²). There were 8,822 housing units at an average density of 531.2 per square mile (205.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.92% White, 13.22% African American, 0.32% Native American, 6.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 2.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.50% of the population.
There were 8,064 households, out of which, 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 43.0% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 42.9% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.
The age distribution is 20.4% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $51,376, and the median income for a family was $60,849. Males had a median income of $45,686 versus $34,015 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,529. About 3.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 66 or over.
Auburn Hills roughly follows the course of Interstate 75 and is home to a prosperous business community. In the early 1980s, Oakland University partnered with developers to create a technology and research park. The Oakland Technology Park was approved by the city in 1985, with Comerica, EDS, and Chrysler to build campuses there. The city's many tech and office buildings host 80,000 people during the workday.
Great Lakes Crossing, an enclosed super-regional outlet shopping mall, opened in 1998.
In 2002, the area at Auburn and Squirrel was revitalized as the "Village Center" with streetscape improvements. Pedestrian-friendly development is encouraged in this district now known simply as Downtown Auburn Hills. At the end of 2013, a number of large projects were completed Downtown, including a four-story graduate student apartment complex, a 233-space parking deck, an auxiliary classroom space for schools and colleges called the University Center and the Downtown Educational Nook (DEN), a refurbished historic log cabin acting as a student and community center.
Auburn Hills is home to the North American headquarters of Faurecia, Volkswagen/Audi North American Headquarters, Oakland University, BorgWarner, Guardian Industries, RGIS, Great Lakes Crossing shopping mall, as well as The Palace of Auburn Hills, home of the National Basketball Association's Detroit Pistons and the former home of Women's National Basketball Association's Detroit Shock.
Primary and secondary schools
A Pontiac school district school, Will Rogers Elementary School, is located in northeast Auburn Hills.
Private schools include:
- Auburn Hills Christian School
- Notre Dame Preparatory/Marist Academy
- Oakland Christian School
- Oakland Community College, Baker College, Thomas M. Cooley Law School and the main campus buildings of Oakland University are in Auburn Hills.
Parks and recreation
Auburn Hills is home to several local parks, many of which are open year round.
- Auburn Hills Skate Park
A skateboard, inline skate and BMX bike park open to all ages and skill levels. The use of the facility is always free and it remains open from April to November, 8 a.m. until dusk.
- Civic Center Park
Popular hiking and walking attraction with numerous nature trails. A fishing pond and picnic area are also available for public use. The park offers open lawn areas and a picnic shelter with a fireplace inside. The park features a softball field, 9-hole disc golf course, tennis courts, two play structures, and swings.
- Clinton River Trail
An expansive, 16-mile (26 km) walkway through the heart of Oakland County. The trail cuts through several different cities, including Rochester, Rochester Hills, Sylvan Lake, Auburn Hills, and Pontiac. The 2.1-mile (3.4 km) section of trail within Auburn Hills is covered in finely crushed stone, ideal for walking, jogging and biking.
- Dennis Dearing Jr. Memorial Park
Featuring a fireman-themed “tot-lot” for children ages 2–5, Dennis Dearing Jr. Memorial Park is a popular spot for families with children. The park also has swings, picnic tables and open space areas for picnic or play.
- Hawk Woods Nature Center
Eighty acres of woods, meadows and marsh are accessible via several groomed nature trails and a boardwalk. This year-round facility features heated restroom and shower facilities for the winter months, along with a two-story lodge with six overnight camping cabins. The lodge can be rented for meetings or activities year-round.
- Manitoba Park
A two acre park which contains a play structure, sand volleyball courts, a paved play area and open space for activities.
- Riverside Park
Located adjacent to downtown Auburn Hills and along the Clinton River, Riverside Park is a popular spot during the warmer months. A canoe launch is open during the warm season.
- River Woods Park
Located near downtown Auburn Hills, this park has picnic areas, both open and sheltered, standing barbecue grills and heated restrooms which remain open year round. Visitors can navigate through the park on a paved pathway system, which includes a bridge over the Clinton River. The park also contains four basketball courts and play structures.
- "City of Auburn Hills, Michigan". City of Auburn Hills, Michigan. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
- "Auburn Hills Web Site". Auburnhills.org. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- Auburn Hills Web Site[dead link]
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Auburn Hills, Michigan
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Auburn Hills city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- "Rogers Elementary." Pontiac School District. Retrieved on November 28, 2012.
- Auburn Hills Welcome Video
- Randall, Natalie Kilmer. Pontiac Township 1827-1983: The End of an Era. Pontiac, MI: 1983
- Oakland University history page
- Auburn Hills Chamber of Commerce
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