Auce

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Auce
Town
Auce
Auce
Coat of arms of Auce
Coat of arms
Auce is located in Latvia
Auce
Auce
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°27′N 22°53′E / 56.450°N 22.883°E / 56.450; 22.883Coordinates: 56°27′N 22°53′E / 56.450°N 22.883°E / 56.450; 22.883
Country  Latvia
District Dobele District
Town rights 1924
Government
 • Mayor Gints Kaminskis
Area
 • Total 43.7 km2 (16.9 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 4,101
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-3708
Calling code +371 637
Number of city council members 8

Auce (About this sound pronunciation ; German: Alt-Autz) is a town in southern Latvia near the Lithuanian border.

History[edit]

Before 13th century the territory of Auce was a part of a Semigallian Spārnene county. After the partition of Semigallia in 1254 territory was granted to the Archbishopric of Riga. Auce is first mentioned in written sources in 1426 as Owcze. In 1616 Old Auce (Alt-autz) manor is mentioned for the first time when there was held regional assembly (landtag) of the Duchy of Courland. In 1667 the first Lutheran church is erected in Auce. From 1768 until the Latvian agrarian reforms in 1920s Old Auce manor was property of Baltic German von Medem family.

Auce village started rapid development after the construction of the Jelgava-Mažeikiai railway in 1889. During the First world war Auce was occupied by Imperial German army. The Germans established an aviation school and airfield (Artillerie-Fliegerschule Ost I) nearby.

After the Latvian War of Independence Auce became part of the Republic of Latvia. In 1920 Old Auce manor was nationalised and it became the property of University of Latvia to be used teaching farm for students of agriculture. In 1924 Auce received town rights. Since 2009 Auce has been the centre of the Auce municipality.

See also[edit]

List of cities in Latvia