Auckland (New Zealand electorate)
Auckland (or, more formally, City of Auckland) was a New Zealand electorate. It covered the core of Auckland during the early days of New Zealand democracy, when the city was small enough to be covered by two or three seats.
The City of Auckland electorate was one of the original electorates, and was used in the country's first elections. It covered a territory roughly corresponding to the central business district of the city today, and was surrounded by another electorate called Auckland Suburbs. As the city was growing rapidly, however, the electorate did not last long — in the 1860 elections, it was divided into Auckland East and Auckland West.
At the 1890 elections, however, the total number of seats was reduced. This necessitated the re-creation of a seat to cover all of inner Auckland. This was accomplished by merging most of Auckland Central, Auckland West, Auckland North and Ponsonby, and taking a considerable amount of Parnell. In the 1893 elections, the seat absorbed most of Newton electorate, but lost some of its southern territories to the remnants of Parnell. In 1902 elections, Grey Lynn was split away into its own electorate. In the 1905 elections, the remainder of the electorate was split in three, becoming Auckland Central, Auckland East, and Auckland West.
The 1890 election was contested by seven candidates. John Shera, Thomas Thompson and William Lee Rees received 2006, 1860 and 1761 votes, respectively, and were elected. Adam Porter, William Joseph Napier, James Wallis and Harry Farnall received 1501, 1319, 748 and 262 votes, respectively, and were unsuccessful.
Members of Parliament
|1853 election||Thomas Bartley||Loughlin O'Brien||James O'Neill|
|1854 by-election||William Brown|
|1855 election||Thomas Beckham||William Daldy||Logan Campbell|
|1858 by-election||Thomas Forsaith|
|1860 by-election||Archibald Clark|
|(Electorate abolished 1861–1890 and split in two, see Auckland East and Auckland West; from 1887–1890 also Auckland Central)|
|1890 election||William Lee Rees||John Shera||Thomas Thompson|
|1893 by-election||Alfred Cadman|
|1893 election||Charles Button||William Crowther||George Grey|
|1895 by-election||Thomas Thompson|
|1896 election||James Job Holland||William Crowther|
|1899 election||William Napier||George Fowlds|
|1900 by-election||Joseph Witheford|
|1902 election||Frederick Baume||Alfred Kidd|
|(Electorate abolished 1905 and split in three, see Auckland Central, Auckland East, and Auckland West)|
|General election, 1899: Auckland|
|Liberal||William Joseph Napier||6,097||47.29|
|Liberal||James Job Holland||4,657||36.12||-15.19|
|Independent Liberal||Arthur Rosser (Liberal-Labour)||3,511||27.23||-10.87|
|Independent Liberal||James Regan (Liberal-Labour)||1,470||11.40|
|Independent Liberal||Robert French||1,366||10.60|
|Independent Liberal||Patrick Quinlan||334||2.59|
|General election, 1896: Auckland|
|Liberal||James Job Holland||6,298||51.32|
|Liberal||John McEffer Shera||609||4.96||-2.82|
|General election, 1893: City of Auckland|
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
- "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Auckland City". Auckland Star XXI (280). 27 November 1890. p. 5. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Archibald Clark". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "City of Auckland Electorate". Observer. XVIII (1092). 2 December 1899. p. 17. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "Auckland City". Observer. XVIII (1093). 9 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Husbands, Paul. "Rosser, Arthur". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved December 2011.
- The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Electorate City of Auckland". Auckland Star XXIV (274). 18 November 1893. p. 8. Retrieved 28 November 2013.