Auckland (New Zealand electorate)

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Auckland (or, more formally, City of Auckland) was a New Zealand electorate. It covered the core of Auckland during the early days of New Zealand democracy, when the city was small enough to be covered by two or three seats.

Population centres[edit]

The City of Auckland electorate was one of the original electorates, and was used in the country's first elections. It covered a territory roughly corresponding to the central business district of the city today, and was surrounded by another electorate called Auckland Suburbs. As the city was growing rapidly, however, the electorate did not last long — in the 1860 elections, it was divided into Auckland East and Auckland West.[1]

At the 1890 elections, however, the total number of seats was reduced. This necessitated the re-creation of a seat to cover all of inner Auckland. This was accomplished by merging most of Auckland Central, Auckland West, Auckland North and Ponsonby, and taking a considerable amount of Parnell. In the 1893 elections, the seat absorbed most of Newton electorate, but lost some of its southern territories to the remnants of Parnell. In 1902 elections, Grey Lynn was split away into its own electorate. In the 1905 elections, the remainder of the electorate was split in three, becoming Auckland Central, Auckland East, and Auckland West.[1]

History[edit]

The 1890 election was contested by seven candidates. John Shera, Thomas Thompson and William Lee Rees received 2006, 1860 and 1761 votes, respectively, and were elected. Adam Porter, William Joseph Napier, James Wallis and Harry Farnall received 1501, 1319, 748 and 262 votes, respectively, and were unsuccessful.[2][3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal  

Election Winner(s)
1853 election Thomas Bartley Loughlin O'Brien James O'Neill
1854 by-election William Brown
1855 election Thomas Beckham William Daldy Logan Campbell
1858 by-election Thomas Forsaith
1860 by-election Archibald Clark[4]
(Electorate abolished 1861–1890 and split in two, see Auckland East and Auckland West; from 1887–1890 also Auckland Central)
1890 election William Lee Rees John Shera Thomas Thompson
1893 by-election Alfred Cadman
1893 election Charles Button William Crowther George Grey
1895 by-election Thomas Thompson
1896 election James Job Holland William Crowther
1899 election William Napier George Fowlds
1900 by-election Joseph Witheford
1902 election Frederick Baume Alfred Kidd
(Electorate abolished 1905 and split in three, see Auckland Central, Auckland East, and Auckland West)

Election results[edit]

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Auckland[5][6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Joseph Napier 6,097 47.29
Opposition William Crowther 5,595 43.40 +17.72
Liberal George Fowlds 4,751 36.85 -12.07
Liberal James Job Holland 4,657 36.12 -15.19
Opposition Richard Hobbs 4,647 36.05
Liberal Frederick Baume 3,792 29.41
Independent Liberal Arthur Rosser (Liberal-Labour) 3,511 27.23 -10.87
Opposition Samuel Vaile 2,456 19.05
Independent Liberal James Regan (Liberal-Labour) 1,470 11.40
Independent Liberal Robert French 1,366 10.60
Independent Liberal Patrick Quinlan 334 2.59
Majority 94 0.73 -10.09
Registered electors 18,336
Turnout 12,892 70.31 +9.56

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Auckland[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Thompson 7,192 58.60 +19.85
Liberal James Job Holland 6,298 51.32
Opposition William Crowther 6,004 48.92 +3.96
Liberal Arthur Rosser[9] 4,676 38.10
Opposition Charles Button 4,008 32.66 -8.68
Opposition Edwin Mitchelson 3,620 29.50
Liberal George Fowlds 3,152 25.68
Independent John Fawcus 906 7.38
Liberal John McEffer Shera 609 4.96 -2.82
Independent Ernest Eugster 354 2.88
Majority 1,328 10.82
Registered electors 20,204
Turnout 12,273 60.75 +0.02

1893 election[edit]

General election, 1893: City of Auckland[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent George Grey 6,379 62.57
Liberal William Crowther 4,584 44.96
Opposition Charles Button 4,214 41.34
Independent Thomas Tudehope[12] 4,146 40.67
Liberal Thomas Thompson 3,950 38.75
Liberal William Napier 3,531 34.64
Independent Edward Withy[12] 2,393 23.47
Liberal John Shera 793 7.78
Liberal Samuel Vaile[12] 502 4.92
Liberal Thomas Fernandez 92 0.90
Majority 68 0.67
Turnout 10,195 60.73
Registered electors 16,788

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  2. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Auckland City". Auckland Star XXI (280). 27 November 1890. p. 5. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Archibald Clark". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "City of Auckland Electorate". Observer. XVIII (1092). 2 December 1899. p. 17. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Auckland City". Observer. XVIII (1093). 9 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Husbands, Paul. "Rosser, Arthur". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved December 2011. 
  10. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Electorate City of Auckland". Auckland Star XXIV (274). 18 November 1893. p. 8. Retrieved 28 November 2013.