Auckland Airport

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Auckland Airport
Auckland Airport Logo.png
Auckland Int Airport aerial photo.jpg
IATA: AKLICAO: NZAA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner AIAL
Operator Auckland International Airport Limited
Serves Auckland
Location Mangere, Auckland, New Zealand
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 37°00′29″S 174°47′30″E / 37.00806°S 174.79167°E / -37.00806; 174.79167Coordinates: 37°00′29″S 174°47′30″E / 37.00806°S 174.79167°E / -37.00806; 174.79167
Website www.aucklandairport.co.nz
Map
AKL is located in New Zealand Auckland
AKL
AKL
Location of the Auckland Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,635 11,926 Concrete
05L/23R 3,108 10,197 Asphalt
Statistics (August 2013 to August 2014)
Passengers (Total) 15,062,085[1]
Aircraft Movements 155,807
Economic impact (2012) $4.8 billion[2]
Social impact (2012) 81.2 thousand[2]
Source:[3]

Auckland Airport (IATA: AKLICAO: NZAA) is the largest and busiest airport in New Zealand, with 14,829,393 (7,907,506 international and 6,921,887 domestic) passengers in the year ended November 2013.[4] The airport is located near Mangere, a residential suburb and Airport Oaks, a service hub suburb 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of the downtown Auckland city centre. It is the Northern hub for Air New Zealand, a New Zealand hub of Virgin Australia, and a focus city for Jetstar Airways.

Auckland Airport is one of New Zealand’s most important infrastructure assets, providing thousands of jobs for the region, and is the country’s second largest cargo port by value, contributing around $14 billion to the economy, and catering for over four million visitors each year, resulting in a 70% share of New Zealand's international travellers.[5] It is one of only two airports in New Zealand (the other being Christchurch) capable of handling Boeing 777, Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 aircraft.

The airport is the fourth busiest in Australasia after Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane airports. However, internationally, the airport is the second busiest in Australasia as Melbourne had just 6,213,479 international passengers in 2011.[6] The airport has been rated in the top 3 worldwide for airports handling 5–15 million passengers annually.[7] It was also voted the 12th best airport in the world in 2013 at the Skytrax World Airport Awards, as well as being the best airport in the Australia/Pacific region.[8][9]

It has a capacity of about 45 flight movements per hour,[10] using a single runway which is fully Cat IIIb capable (at a reduced rate of movements). A close by taxiway was upgraded for use as a runway when the main runway requires maintenance or for use during emergencies,[11] but it does not have sufficient separation distance to operate simultaneously with the main runway. In November 2007 work began on a new northern runway, to be built in several stages and to be used mainly by smaller airplanes, freeing up capacity on the main runway. However, the project was put on hold for at least 12 months in October 2009, and deferred for a further few years in August 2010 following consultation with airlines and a review of capacity management options. The timing of the recommencement of construction of the second runway will be demand driven relative to the capacity of the existing runway.

History[edit]

Overview[edit]

The site of the airport was first used as an airfield by the Auckland Aero Club. In 1928, the club leased some land from a dairy farmer to accommodate the club's three De Havilland Gypsy Moths. The club president noted at the time that the site "has many advantages of vital importance for an aerodrome and training ground. It has good approaches, is well drained and is free from power lines, buildings and fogs." Prior to rebuilding, this was known as Mangere Aerodrome.

In 1960 work started to transform the site into Auckland's main airport, taking over from Whenuapai in the north-west of the city. Much of the runway is on land reclaimed from the Manukau Harbour. The first flight to leave was an Air New Zealand DC-8 in November 1965, bound for Sydney. The airport was officially opened the following year, with a 'grand air pageant' on Auckland Anniversary weekend, 29 January to 31 January 1966.

A new international terminal, named after Jean Batten, was built in 1977.[12] Prior to this, all flights (including international ones) used what is now the domestic terminal.[13] In 2005, the international terminal was altered, separating arriving and departing passengers.

Expansion[edit]

An Emirates A380 at Auckland Airport.

In 2007, construction began on a second runway to the north of the current one. Initially the new runway would have been 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) long and catered for regional flights operated by Air New Zealand using turboprop aircraft. This would have cost $32 million and would have improved the efficiency of the airport by removing smaller planes (which require longer separation distances from the air turbulence wakes of preceding jet airliners) from the main runway. At a later stage, the runway would have been lengthened to 1,950 metres (6,400 ft) to allow it be used by small jets (such as the Boeing 737 and Airbus A320) on domestic and trans-Tasman flights.[10] However, in August 2009, the project was put on hold due to a downturn in air travel,[14] and, as of 2013, the project is still on hold.

Construction for Stage One started in November 2007. However, Stage Two will likely see the runway lengthened to 1,650 metres (5,410 ft) which will enable domestic jet flights to use it. Stage Three (final stage) will lengthen the runway to 2,150 metres (7,050 ft), allowing medium sized international jet flights to land there, from destinations such as the Pacific Islands or Australia. Eventually a new domestic terminal will also be built to the north to better utilize the new runway. The new runway will thus free up the longer southern runway to handle more heavy jet operations.[15] The 10-year project would cost NZ$120 million, not including substantial extensions planned for the airport arrivals/departure buildings and associated structures.[10]

A Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200 approaching AKL.

In 2009, an extension to the international terminal was constructed, creating Pier B. Pier B covers 5,500 square metres (59,000 sq ft) and has been designed to allow for the addition of new gates when required.[16] It currently has 2 gates, both capable of handling Airbus A380 aircraft.[17] In May 2009, Emirates became the first airline to fly the A380 to Auckland, using the aircraft on its daily Dubai–Sydney–Auckland route. On 2 October 2012 Emirates began operating the Dubai–Melbourne–Auckland with an A380, having previously operated the route with a B777-300ER.[18] From 2 October 2013, the A380 took over from a B777-300ER on the Dubai–Brisbane–Auckland route[19] This will mean that Emirates now serves Auckland solely with A380s, and Auckland Airport becomes the only airport in the world, other than Dubai, to have three scheduled Emirates A380s on the ground at the same time.[20]

In 2013, the domestic terminal undertook a series of upgrades costing a total of $30 million. Stage one ran from January 2013 to March 2013, and involved changes to the drop off points and roads outside the terminal.[21] In the second half of 2013, the baggage claim belts were lengthened, parts of the apron was changed, and new corridors were connected to the jetbridges. The two different sides to the terminals now share a centralised security screening area following the upgrade and an extra storey was added to the western wing to provide an airside connection between the Air New Zealand side of the terminal and the Jetstar side of the terminal. The work took 12 months to complete.[13]

In early 2014, the Airport released their 30-year vision for the future which will see the airport combine both the international and domestic operations into one combined building based around the existing international terminal. This will see new domestic piers built to the south of the existing international precinct within the next 5 years. The plan also allows for the extension of the current international piers and also the creation of new piers for international operations. A new 2,150 metres long northern runway will be able to cater for aircraft up to the size of the 777 and 787 jets. New public transport links including a new rail station and line may be built in the future. The plan has been split into four implementation phases. Phase 1 will see all operations combined into one terminal precinct as well as improved road neetwork surrounding the terminal within the next 5 years. Phase 2 sees the new northern runway constructed as well as the extension of the terminal forecourt by 2025. Phase 3 involves the extension of both international and domestic piers by 2044. Phase 4 sees the northern runway extended to a length of around 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).[22]

Terminals[edit]

International terminal[edit]

Check-in counters are at the eastern end of the international terminal building on the ground level.

  • Gates 1–9 are single-airbridge gates and gate 10 is a twin-airbridge gate, all of which are located in pier A. This pier also hosts Gates 4A, 4B, 4C, and 4D, which are accessed from the drop-down lounge for gates 2 & 4, and are bus gates from where passengers will be bussed to their aircraft.
  • Gates 15 and 16 are in the new pier B extension, and are twin airbridges gates, capable of handling A380 aircraft with simultaneous double-deck boarding.
  • Stands 17 and 18 are west of the pier B and are not equipped with airbridges. If boarding of aircraft is necessary from these stands, passengers will be bussed from one of gates 4A–4D.
  • Gates 70–73, 76–80, and 82–83 are west and east of pier A and are not equipped with airbridges. If boarding of aircraft is necessary from these stands, passengers will be bussed from one of gates 4A–4D.
Aerial view of the international terminal, 2008

Passenger separation[edit]

Before 2006 Auckland Airport arriving and departing passengers were allowed to mingle airside. After the September 11 attacks, the airport operated with a CAA exemption that allowed this to continue, although flights to the US and all Qantas-operated flights (and for a short time Cathay Pacific flights) were restricted to leaving from gates where a secondary X-ray and metal detector inspection had been set up. This exemption expired in 2006.[citation needed]

Auckland Airport decided that rather than building a new sub-top level to stream arriving passengers (as at Beijing, Vancouver, or Heathrow), they would build a new departures floor for passengers to "drop down" into the existing gate lounges on the first floor, which would be closed off from a central arrivals corridor by glass.

Domestic terminal[edit]

Six Air New Zealand A320s at the Auckland domestic terminal in 2014.

The two previously separate domestic terminal buildings have now been connected by a common retail area. The Jetstar check-in area is located in the western end of the terminal, in the building previously used by Ansett New Zealand, Qantas, and Pacific Blue. The Air New Zealand check-in area is located in the eastern end of the terminal.

Jetstar domestic services operate from gates 20, 21 and 22 (jetbridge gates). Air New Zealand mainline services operate from gates 24–33. Gates 29, 30, 31, 32, and 33 have jetbridges, gates 24 and 28 are tarmac gates; gates 25, 26 and 27 don't exist. Air New Zealand regional (Link) services operate from the regional section of the domestic terminal. This is located at the eastern end of the terminal and consists of gates 34–48 (excluding gate numbers 35, 37, 38, 41, and 44 which do not exist). These gates are linked to the terminal by covered walkways, and passengers walk across the apron to the aircraft.

Gates 50–59 are used by 3rd level operators Air Chathams, Great Barrier Airlines, Flight Hauraki, Fly My Sky, Sunair and Vincent Aviation.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

International Terminal
International Terminal check-in hall underneath the departures level.
Auckland now has 3 Emirates A380s together everyday, 2 are seen here at Pier B
A typical scene at the international terminal.
Two Air New Zealand 747-400's, CX A340-300, and Emirates A340-500.

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Chathams Chatham Islands Domestic
Air New Zealand Christchurch, Dunedin, Queenstown, Wellington Domestic
Air New Zealand Adelaide, Apia, Brisbane, Gold Coast, Hong Kong, Honolulu, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Nadi, Niue, Norfolk Island, Nouméa, Nuku'alofa, Papeete, Perth, Port Vila, Rarotonga, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore (resumes 6 January 2015),[23] Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver
Seasonal: Cairns, Denpasar/Bali, Sunshine Coast
Charter: Fukuoka, Hiroshima, McMurdo Sound,[24] Matsuyama, Nagoya-Centrair, Okinawa, Osaka-Kansai,[25] Sendai, Shizuoka[26]
International
Air New Zealand Link
operated by Air Nelson
Blenheim, Gisborne, Kapiti Coast, Kerikeri, Napier, Nelson, New Plymouth, Palmerston North, Rotorua,[27] Tauranga, Whangarei[28] Domestic
Air New Zealand Link
operated by Eagle Airways
Gisborne, Hamilton, Kaitaia, Kerikeri (ends 8 February 2015),[29] Rotorua, Taupo, Tauranga, Wanganui, Whakatane, Whangarei Domestic
Air New Zealand Link
operated by Mount Cook Airline
Napier, Nelson, New Plymouth, Palmerston North, Tauranga Domestic
Air Tahiti Nui Papeete International
Air Vanuatu Port Vila International
Aircalin Nouméa International
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong International
China Airlines Brisbane, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan International
China Eastern Airlines Seasonal: Shanghai-Pudong (begins 9 December 2014)[30] International
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou International
Emirates Brisbane, Dubai, Melbourne, Sydney International
Fiji Airways Nadi, Suva International
Fly My Sky Great Barrier Island Domestic
Great Barrier Airlines Great Barrier Island, Okiwi[31] Domestic
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu International
Jetstar Airways Christchurch, Dunedin, Queenstown, Wellington Domestic
Jetstar Airways Gold Coast, Melbourne, Sydney International
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon International
LAN Airlines Santiago de Chile, Sydney International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur International
Qantas Seasonal: Perth,[32] Sydney International
Qantas
operated by Jetconnect
Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney International
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
Sunair Whitianga Domestic
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
Virgin Australia Brisbane, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Nuku'alofa, Rarotonga, Sydney International
Virgin Samoa Apia International

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Freight NZ Christchurch, Palmerston North
Air Post Blenheim, Christchurch, Dunedin, Wellington
DHL Express
operated by Tasman Cargo Airlines
Nouméa, Sydney
FedEx Express Honolulu, Los Angeles, Sydney
Qantas Freight
operated by Atlas Air
Honolulu, Sydney
Qantas Freight
operated by Express Freighters Australia
Christchurch, Sydney, Cairns[citation needed]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Melbourne, Singapore, Sydney
International destinations served from Auckland Airport

Prospective flights[edit]


Traffic and statistics[edit]

Busiest Australian routes into and out of Auckland Airport (YE June 2013)[34]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % change Carriers
1  Australia, Australia Total 3,790,548 Increase2.2 Air New Zealand, China Airlines, Emirates, Jetstar, LAN Airlines, Qantas, Virgin Australia
2  Australia, Sydney 1,394,417 Decrease0.2 Air New Zealand, China Airlines, Emirates, Jetstar, LAN Airlines, Qantas, Virgin Australia
3  Australia, Melbourne 962,217 Increase4.7 Air New Zealand, Emirates, Jetstar, Qantas, Virgin Australia
4  Australia, Brisbane 846,891 Increase 2.2 Air New Zealand, China Airlines, Emirates, Qantas, Virgin Australia
5  Australia, Gold Coast 262,683 Decrease0.1 Air New Zealand, Jetstar, Virgin Australia
6  Australia, Perth 168,697 Increase17.1 Air New Zealand, Qantas
7  Australia, Adelaide 71,727 Increase2.2 Air New Zealand, Jetstar
8  Australia, Cairns 66,431 Decrease 13.6 Air New Zealand
9  Norfolk Island, Norfolk Island 10,932 Increase 15 Air New Zealand
10  Australia, Sunshine Coast 6,553 Increase 6553 Air New Zealand
Busiest domestic routes into and out of Auckland Airport
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % change Carriers
1  New Zealand, Christchurch 1,102,009 Increase 0.4 Air New Zealand, Jetstar
2  New Zealand, Wellington 837,087 Increase 0.3 Air New Zealand, Jetstar
3  New Zealand, Queenstown 541,856 Increase 0.3 Air New Zealand, Jetstar
4  New Zealand, Dunedin 392,456 Decrease 0.5 Air New Zealand, Jetstar

Holding company[edit]

Shareholders[edit]

Auckland International Airport Limited
Type Public
Headquarters Auckland, New Zealand
Key people Adrian Littlewood, CEO
Website aucklandairport.co.nz

Auckland International Airport Limited (AIAL) was formed in 1988, when the New Zealand Government corporatised the airport. It had previously been run by the Auckland Regional Authority, covering the five councils in the Auckland region.

The Government was AIAL’s majority shareholder, the rest being held by the local councils. In 1998 the Government sold its shareholding, and AIAL became the fifth airport company in the world to be publicly listed. At that time the major shareholders were Auckland City Council (25.8%), Manukau City Council (9.6%) and North Shore City Council (7.1%). North Shore City Council sold its shares in 1999 and Auckland City Council sold its share down to 12.8% in 2002. After amalgamation into the Auckland Council, the local authority now owns a 22.5% stake worth approximately $750 million as of 2012.[35]

AIAL appears on the New Zealand Stock Exchange (NZX: AIA) and Australian Stock Exchange (ASXAIA). International shareholders hold around 40% of the shares, domestic approximately 60%.[citation needed] The company has a Standard & Poor's credit rating of A+/Stable/A-1.[36]

Revenue[edit]

AIAL enjoys diverse revenue streams, and operates a 'dual-till' approach, whereby its finances are split into aeronautical and non-aeronautical balance sheets. Aeronautical income is derived from airfield charges, terminal services charge and the airport development charge (or departure fee). Non-aeronautical revenue comes from its significant property portfolio, car park, and retail income. Income from the non-aeronautical side of the business accounts for just over half of its revenue. The airport has been criticised by airlines, led by Air New Zealand, for its purportedly high landing charges. However research conducted in September 2010 by aviation consultants Jacobs indicates that Auckland Airport international charges are slightly below the average of the 20 largest international airports flown by Air New Zealand. Further research by aviation consultants Airbiz conducted in August 2010 indicates that Auckland Airport domestic landing charges are amongst the lowest in Australasia.

The diversity in revenue was of benefit during the downturn in international aviation following the events of 11 September 2001, and subsequently the 2002 Bali bombings, SARS outbreak and the Iraq War. The airport was able to rely on steady income from the non-aeronautical side of the business, which softened the blow of international events. In addition, New Zealand retained favour among the world’s travellers as a safe destination.

In July 2009 Auckland Airport elected to delay a scheduled increase in its landing charges from 1 July 2009 to assist its airline customers during the recession. The scheduled increase was put in place on 1 March 2010. The company has in the past reportedly been singled out by airline lobby group IATA for its consistent excessive level of profits. Airlines such as Air New Zealand complain of excessive landing charges.[37] On 5 June 2007, the airport's 60% profit margin was criticised by IATA director general and CEO Giovanni Bisignani. He said the airport had a "happy monopoly" and that IATA would ask the New Zealand government to investigate.[38]

Until July 2008, AIAL charged all departing international passengers (12 years old or older) a $25 departure fee. This has been replaced with a passenger services charge levied on the airlines for each arriving and departing international passenger. This charge has commenced at $13 and will rise by 50 cents a year for two years to $14.[39] Auckland Airport will cut the international passenger fee and would hike the domestic travellers charges in FY-2013.[40]

Partnership with Queenstown Airport[edit]

On 8 July 2010, AIAL announced it had entered into an agreement to take a 24.99% shareholding in Queenstown Airport Corporation Limited, the operator of Queenstown Airport, and form a strategic alliance between the two airports. The shareholding will cost NZ$27.7 million, through the issue of new shares. The alliance is expected to generate an extra 176,000 passengers through Queenstown Airport. AIAL has an option to increase its shareholding in Queenstown Airport to 30-35% at any time up to 30 June 2011, subject to the approval of the Queenstown Lakes District Council. The new share capital from would allow Queenstown Airport to fund growth of the airport's operating capacity and to pay regular dividends back to the community via the Queenstown Lakes District Council shareholding.[41][42]

Access[edit]

Auckland Airport's main access is by road.

A free shuttle bus connects the international and domestic terminals to each other; they are also linked by a walkway.

Two state highways connect to the airport: State Highway 20A and State Highway 20B. State Highway 20A leaves the airport to the north and allows access to central Auckland, the western and northern suburbs, and Northland. State Highway 20B leaves the airport to the east and allows access to southern and eastern Auckland, and the rest of the North Island. Currently, there is no direct motorway access to the airport, and at some point, airport traffic must use Auckland city streets. The completion of the State Highway 20 Manukau Extension in 2010 has allowed motorway access to the State Highway 1 via State Highway 20B. In light traffic, a trip to the central city takes around 40 – 45 minutes. Also, cycle lanes have been implemented on some highways to accommodate cyclists who wish to access the airport by bicycle.

Taxis and shuttles are available at both terminals.

Public transport[edit]

  • AIRBUS Express:[43] Operates 24 hours a day and connects both terminals of the airport to the Downtown Ferry Terminal in the central city via Mount Eden and Queen Street. The Downtown Ferry Terminal is opposite the Britomart Transport Centre, which allows bus and train connections to the wider Auckland area. Buses take approximately 50 minutes and operate at least every 30 minutes (every 10 minutes at peak time).
  • 380 Airporter:[44] operates between Onehunga, the airport and Manukau City via Papatoetoe Railway Station. Passengers can connect to rail services to Britomart Transport Centre at Onehunga, Papatoetoe station, or Manukau, with the most convenient transfer in terms of frequency being at Papatoetoe. Buses operate half-hourly to Manukau and hourly to Onehunga all week (5am - 11pm Mon-Fri, 6:30am – 11:40pm Sat & Sun).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Accidents and incidents that occurred at or near Auckland Airport include:

  • 4 July 1966 – an Air New Zealand Douglas DC-8 on a training flight crashed on the runway shortly after taking off, killing 2 of the 5 crew (no passengers were on board).
  • 17 February 1979 – an Air New Zealand Fokker Friendship crashed into Manukau Harbour while on final approach. 1 crew and 1 company staff member were killed.
  • 31 July 1989 – a Mainfreight Convair 340/580 crashed shortly after taking off at night. All 3 crew members were killed.

Accidents and incidents that occurred on aircraft that departed from or were destined for Auckland Airport include:

  • 22 July 1973 – Pan Am Flight 816, a Boeing 707-321B-operated flight from Auckland to Los Angeles via Tahiti, French Polynesia, crashed 30 seconds after taking off from Tahiti, killing 78 and injuring 1.
  • 30 January 1974 – Pan Am Flight 806, a Boeing 707-321B-operated flight from Auckland to Los Angeles via Pago Pago and Honolulu, crashed on its approach to Pago Pago, killing 97 and injuring 4.
  • 28 November 1979 – Air New Zealand Flight 901, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-operated sightseeing flight from Auckland to Antarctica and return via Christchurch, crashed into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 on board.
  • 24 June 1982 – British Airways Flight 9, a Boeing 747-236B, flying from London to Auckland, flew into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung in Java, Indonesia, resulting in the failure of all four engines. The aircraft recovered after a dramatic dive, regaining enough power to facilitate an emergency landing in Jakarta.
  • 24 February 1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, a United Airlines 747 flight from Honolulu, Hawaii, suffered explosive decompression, killing 9.
  • 9 June 1995 – Ansett New Zealand Flight 703, a de Havilland DHC-8-operated flight from Auckland to Palmerston North, crashed in the Tararua Ranges while performing an instrument approach to Palmerston North in bad weather, killing 4 people and seriously injuring 14 others.
  • 3 May 2005 – Airwork Flight 23, a Fairchild SA227-AC Metro III-operated New Zealand Post cargo flight from Auckland to Blenheim, disintegrated over Stratford in Taranaki when the autopilot disengaged while trying to balance out fuel in the tanks, killing both pilots.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.aucklandairport.co.nz/en/Corporate/NewsAndMedia/Publications/Monthly-Traffic-Reports.aspx
  2. ^ a b "Auckland airport – Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.aucklandairport.co.nz/Annual-Report/~/media/Files/Annual%20Report/Auckland_Airport_Annual_Report_2012.ashx
  4. ^ http://www.aucklandairport.co.nz/~/media/Files/Corporate/Monthly_Traffic_Reports/2014/MTU%20November%202013.pdf
  5. ^ Air passengers and flights (from Statistics New Zealand)
  6. ^ Avline 2010–11. Bitre.gov.au (2013-02-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  7. ^ Auckland Airport rated in the top 3 worldwide for service quality (from the Auckland Airport website Retrieved Thursday 2008-03-27)
  8. ^ http://www.worldairportawards.com/Awards_2013/top100.htm
  9. ^ http://www.worldairportawards.com/Awards_2013/bestregion.htm
  10. ^ a b c Mathew Dearnaley (5 October 2007). "Stage one begins for second runway". The New Zealand Herald. pp. A7. 
  11. ^ Summary (from the 'Masterplan: 2005-2025' document of Auckland Airport. Retrieved 2007-10-08.)
  12. ^ "Expanded Arrivals Processing". Auckland Airport. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  13. ^ a b Overhaul for domestic terminal – Business – NZ Herald News. Nzherald.co.nz (2013-02-06). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  14. ^ extends suspension of second runway. Auckland Airport (2010-07-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  15. ^ Event marks start of new runway for Auckland Airport (Auckland Airport Media Release, Thursday 4 October 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-09.)
  16. ^ Auckland Airport – Pier B » Hawkins. Hawkinsconstruction.co.nz. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  17. ^ More to come at. Auckland Airport. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  18. ^ A380 arrives in Melbourne and Auckland | Emirates A380 News & Events. Emirates. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  19. ^ "Emirates takes A380 to Brisbane". The Australian. 17 May 2013. 
  20. ^ Emirates to Offer All-A380 Service In Auckland | Scoop News. Scoop.co.nz (2013-05-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  21. ^ Domestic Terminal Changes. Auckland Airport. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  22. ^ Auckland Airport. "Airport of the future". Auckalnd Airport. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  23. ^ http://www.ausbt.com.au/air-new-zealand-flying-high-with-record-nz-262m-profit
  24. ^ http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2013/09/air-nz-to-provide-air-services-to.html
  25. ^ Air NZ doubles charter flights from Japan | The National Business Review. Nbr.co.nz (2012-08-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  26. ^ http://www.theflyingsocialnetwork.com/archives/24741.
  27. ^ http://www.nzairports.co.nz/w/increased-capacity-for-critical-rotorua-flight-route/
  28. ^ Move to bigger aircraft. Northern Advocate (2013-07-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  29. ^ http://3rdlevelnz.blogspot.co.nz/2014/07/kerikeri-flight-changes.html Kerikeri Flight Changes
  30. ^ https://nz.news.yahoo.com/a/-/local/25142242/auckland-airport-welcomes-china-eastern-airlines-to-nz/
  31. ^ https://tflite.com/takeflitepublicgba/Pgschedule.aspx
  32. ^ Qantas launches new Auck-Perth service. NZ Herald. Retrieved on 2013-08-14.
  33. ^ http://www.stuff.co.nz/travel/news/9970707/Plans-for-direct-flights-from-the-Philippines
  34. ^ http://www.bitre.gov.au/publications/ongoing/international_airline_activity-annual_publications.aspx
  35. ^ "Auckland Council Investments Limited". Our Auckland (Auckland Council newsletter). August 2012. 
  36. ^ "Standard & Poor's". 
  37. ^ Remarks by Giovanni Bisignani – Global Press Briefing, Geneva: Auckland is an example (from an IATA press release, 2006-12-01. Retrieved 2007-11-11.)
  38. ^ "Auckland Airport labeled greedy". TV New Zealand, One News. 6 June 2007. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  39. ^ Eriksen, Alanah May (29 May 2008). "Airport departure tax to be axed". NZ Herald. 
  40. ^ "Auckland Airport changes fee structure". 7 June 2012. 
  41. ^ "Auckland Airport and Queenstown Airport strategic alliance – Auckland Airport". 8 July 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  42. ^ "Queenstown Lakes District set to benefit from an alliance between Queenstown and Auckland Airport: Media & downloads of Queenstown Airport". 8 July 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. [dead link]
  43. ^ "AIRBUS Express". Auckland Transport. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  44. ^ "Route 380". Auckland Transport. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 

External links[edit]