Auckland City Hospital

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Auckland City Hospital
District Health Board
Auckland City Hospital 01.jpg
The new 2003 section of the hospital
Geography
Location Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand
Organisation
Funding Public hospital
History
Founded 1846
Links
Website Official Website
Lists Hospitals in New Zealand

The Auckland City Hospital is Auckland's main hospital and the largest hospital in New Zealand,[1] as well as one of the oldest medical facilities of the country. It is a publicly funded hospital, run by the Auckland District Health Board since 2001. Located in the suburb of Grafton, east of the CBD, it has 3,500 rooms and provides a total of 710 beds.[2]

Importance[edit]

As New Zealand's largest hospital, the emergency department alone sees about 47,000 patients annually (over 55,000 as of 2008),[3] of which 44% are treated as in-patients. Colocated with its emergency department is the children's emergency department, which sees another 30,000 patients annually, making the campus one of the busiest in Australasia.[4]

The hospital is a research and teaching facility as well, providing training for future doctors, nurses, midwives and other health professionals. Rare or complex medical conditions from all over New Zealand may get referred here. The hospital is closely associated with Starship Children's Health, a separate subsidiary facility on the same grounds, located just to the northwest of the City Hospital.

History[edit]

Smaller beginnings[edit]

Auckland Hospital, 1910

Originally, a timber hospital occupied the Auckland City Hospital site from 1846 to 1877, providing four wards of 10 beds each, and having been designed by Frederick Thatcher, the architect of the St Mary's Church in Parnell. The hospital treated both Europeans and Māori, though the diseases were different, with the Pakeha treated mostly for the effects of alcohol abuse, while the Māori came for tuberculosis and rheuma treatment.[5]

In 1877, a new building in an italianate style was constructed for ₤25,000, designed by Philip Herepath, architect to the Provincial Government. Administered by T M Philson, the new hospital became known for taking on many charity cases, but partly in response to this was also continually understaffed and overcrowded. There were also complaints about the limited training of the staff, which only changed with the hiring of a new matron, Miss Crisp, in 1883. Having trained in the new tradition of Florence Nightingale, she is credited with turning the hospital from an 'old men with alcoholism institution' into a real hospital, and with instituting real nurse training.[5]

Modern times[edit]

The Herepath building was demolished in 1964 to make way for a new structure designed by architects Stephenson & Turner, which was completed in 1967, and still remains.[5]

During the health reforms of the New Zealand health system in the early 1990s, Auckland Hospital was run as a business - in the model of state-owned enterprises of New Zealand, i.e. with the instruction to return a profit. In accordance with this policy, Auckland Hospital was officially known as Auckland Crown Health Enterprise. [6]

The current hospital facility, opened in 2003, is an amalgam of four previously separate hospitals: Auckland Hospital (acute adult care), Starship (acute children's care), Green Lane Hospital (cardio-thoracic care) and National Women's Hospital (maternity, newborn and obstetrics and gynecology[1]

The hospital is situated in a NZ$180 million building which was built between 2000 and 2003.[2] It is nine levels high (ten including plant), five levels less than the older part of the hospital, which has now become the support building. The new structure with 75,575 m² [2] is one of New Zealand's largest public buildings. It was designed by Jasmax and built by Fletcher Construction.[7]

Facilities[edit]

The following information are excerpts from the construction company's database:[2]

The support building (old hospital) mostly contains administrative offices, clinical and housekeeping support, physio- and occupational therapy, some inpatient and outpatient services as well as teaching and research facilities. The support building is a central part of the hospital complex and is linked to the new building section by a skywalk.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Largest hospital in New Zealand... - News-Medical.Net, Tuesday 29 June 2004
  2. ^ a b c d Auckland City Hospital (from the project database of Fletcher Construction)
  3. ^ Gridlock on the hospital frontline - The New Zealand Herald, Sunday 24 August 2008
  4. ^ Department of Emergency Medicine (from the official department website. Retrieved 2008-08-22.)
  5. ^ a b c Auckland Hospital (from the Grafton Residents Association website)
  6. ^ Big Bang and the Policy Prescription: Health Care Meets the Market in New Zealand - Gauld, R. D. C., Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 25(5), 2000, Pages 815–844
  7. ^ Auckland City Hospital (from the Auckland City Hospital Website)
  8. ^ Auckland City Hospital: Our History (from the Auckland District Health Board website)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°51′38″S 174°46′12″E / 36.860549°S 174.76995°E / -36.860549; 174.76995