Audaux

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Audaux
The Audaux Lavoir (Public laundry)
The Audaux Lavoir (Public laundry)
Audaux is located in France
Audaux
Audaux
Coordinates: 43°21′32″N 0°47′27″W / 43.3589°N 0.7908°W / 43.3589; -0.7908Coordinates: 43°21′32″N 0°47′27″W / 43.3589°N 0.7908°W / 43.3589; -0.7908
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Navarrenx
Intercommunality Canton de Navarrenx
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Charlette Laborde
Area
 • Land1 7.33 km2 (2.83 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 187
 • Population2 density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64075 / 64190
Elevation 98–229 m (322–751 ft)
(avg. 127 m or 417 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Audaux is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Audaux is located some 18 km south of Orthez and 6 km north-west of Navarrenx. Access to the commune is by the D27 road from Bugnein in the south-east passing through the south of the commune and the village and continuing to Laàs in the west. The D427 branches off the D27 in the commune and goes to Castetbon in the north. The D947 highway passes through the north of the commune as it goes from Bastanès in the south-east to Orthez. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Geup west of the village and Lacamoire in the north of the commune on the D947. The commune is mixed forest and farmland with most of the land area farmland.[1]

The Gave d'Oloron forms all of the south-western border as it flows north-west to join the Gave de Pau forming the Gaves réunis at Peyrehorade. The Barthes forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Gave d'Oloron. The Ruisseau de Labaigt flows south through the centre of the commune and through Geap to join the Gave d'Oloron. The Saleys river flows across the north of the commune from east to west and it continues north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron east of Saint-Pé-de-Léren.[1]

Places and hamlets[2][edit]

  • Andréou (ruins)
  • Anglade
  • Arées[3]
  • Aureyte (fountain)
  • Baherle
  • Bendéjac
  • Camous
  • Camp des Maures
  • Capdeville
  • Les Carrérasses
  • Casenave
  • Castet
  • Coos
  • Coustet
  • L'Esquille
  • Geup
  • Hountet
  • Hourpélat
  • Hourquabillé
  • Hourracq
  • Laborde
  • Lacamoire
  • Lafouillère
  • Lalanne
  • Mirassou
  • Le Moulin
  • La Pépinière
  • Perdigué
  • Puyalou
  • Saut
  • Les Vignes

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Audaus. Michel Grosclaude proposed a possible etymology from an Aquitaine man's name Aldene with the suffix -os.[4]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Audaux Aldeos 11th century Grosclaude Village
Aldaus 11th century Raymond
16
Marca
Audaus 1178 Raymond
16
Duchesne
Sent Bisentz d'Audaus 1612 Raymond
16
Insinuations
Audaux 1750 Grosclaude Cassini
Andaux 1801 Cassini Bulletin des lois
Arées Arees 1385 Raymond
9
Census Farm
Arès 1863 Raymond
9
La Camoire Lo molin de La Camoere 1571 Raymond
39
Reformation Hamlet
Conques Los Conquees 1476 Raymond
52
Castetner Hamlet & Fief dependent on the bailiwick of Larbaig and vassal of the Marquis of Gassion
Conquez 1686 Raymond
52
Reformation
Conquetz 1728 Raymond
52
Gassion
Coos Lo Cos 1385 Raymond
52
Census Farm
Les Marsains Los Marsains 1289 Raymond
109
Camptort Fief dependent on the Marquis of Gassion
Los Marsanhs 1376 Raymond
109
Military
Los Marssaynz 1540 Raymond
109
Reformation
Les Marsans 1683 Raymond
109
Reformation
Marsoinx 1719 Raymond
109
Enumeration
Marseings 1728 Raymond
109
Gassion

Sources:

Origins:

  • Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn.[5]
  • Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV[6]
  • Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron[7]
  • Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750[8]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[9]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[10]
  • Castetner: Notaries of Castetner[11]
  • Gassion: Enumeration of Gassion[12]
  • Camptort: Titles of Camptort[13]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[14]
  • Enumeration: Enumeration of Audaux[12]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 16 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 the commune depended on the bailiwick of Navarrenx and had 84 fires. Audaux was dependent of the Marquis of Gassion.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[15]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Marc Leprat
2014 2020 Charlette Laborde

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of eight inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Navarrenx;
  • the AEP association of Navarrenx;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the association for promotion of Navarrenx;
  • the association for schools in Gaveausset;
  • the inter-communal association for sanitation Audaux - Bugnein 2 AB;
  • the inter-communal association for the gaves and the Saleys river;
  • the joint oak forest association for the basque and bearnais valleys;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 187 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
432 331 375 370 325 332 434 454 444
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
457 415 401 395 382 408 420 376 372
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
346 322 318 305 264 257 234 295 366
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
244 270 264 215 203 220 - 187 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Audaux

Audaux is the commune with the highest proportion of non-permanent population (e.g. pupils in boarding schools) in the whole Aquitaine region. This is due to the private boarding school of Sainte-Bernadette having 110 students boarding there.

Economy[edit]

Economic activity in the commune is mainly agricultural. The commune lies in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Gassion Chateau with a hot air balloon

Since 1991 the village has held a rally of hot air balloons on the second weekend in July.

Civil heritage[edit]

Aerial view of the Chateau of Audaux

The commune has one building that is registered as a historical monument:

  • The Chateau of Audaux (1659).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16] Since 1943 the chateau has belonged to the Foundation of Apprentices of Auteuil who have established a private scholastic institution called DSainte-Bernadette. Although it is a private castle, it can be visited with a historian guide during Heritage Day on the 2nd Sunday in September, on open days for the institution in late May, and during the "Castle Festival" in mid-July.

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The commune has an elementary school as well as the private institution of Sainte-Bernadette which has a college, a professional school, and a masonry apprenticeship unit.[17]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  3. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  4. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  5. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn
  6. ^ Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the papers of Oihenart, former Imperial Librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France
  7. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Notaries of Castetner - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ a b Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Titles of Camptort in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084325 Chateau (French)
  17. ^ Sainte-Bernadette School page on the Apprentices of Auteuil website (French)