Audie Murphy honors and awards

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This article is about the military and civilian honors of Audie Murphy. For details on his life and military career, see Audie Murphy.
Audie Murphy in full dress U. S. Army uniform
Murphy's award for the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor

Audie Murphy (20 June 1925 – 28 May 1971) was one of the most decorated United States Army combat soldiers of World War II, serving from 1942 to 1945. He received every American combat award for valor available at the time of his service,[ALM 1] including the Medal of Honor. He also received recognitions from France and Belgium. After his war service ended, Murphy became an advocate of treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder in veterans.[3] The Audie L. Murphy Memorial VA Hospital in San Antonio and the Sergeant Audie Murphy Clubs (SAMC) on military bases honor his contributions. He joined the Texas National Guard in 1950, transferring to reserve status in 1956 and remaining in the Guard until 1969. He also had a civilian career as a film actor and songwriter. Recognitions he received both during his lifetime and posthumously are listed below.

Murphy participated in campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France and Germany, as denoted by his European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one silver battle star (denoting five campaigns), four bronze battle stars, plus a bronze arrowhead representing his two amphibious assault landings at Sicily and southern France.[4] On 25 February 1945 and 3 March 1945, he received two Silver Stars for further heroic actions.[5] The French government awarded Murphy its Chevalier of the Legion of Honor[6] and two Croix de guerre medals.[7][8] He received the Croix de guerre 1940 Palm from Belgium.[8] The military assisted him with replacement medals after he gave away the originals.[ALM 2] Duplicates of his Medal of Honor and other medals can be viewed at Dallas Scottish Rite Temple museum.

U.S. medals, awards, decorations and badges[edit]

Decorations[edit]

U.S. military decorations
Image Decoration Notes Refs.
Medal of Honor For action on 26 January 1945, War Department, General Orders No. 65, 9 August 1945. [ALM 3]
Distinguished Service Cross For action on 15 August 1944, Headquarters, Seventh U.S. Army, General Orders No. 21 (1945). [ALM 4]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver Star with bronze oak leaf cluster (two awards) First award for action on 2 October 1944, Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 66 (25 February 1945). Second award for action on 5 October 1944, Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (3 March 1945). [16]
Legion of Merit For action on 22 January 1944 – 18 February 1945, Headquarters, European Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 100 (25 May 1945). [17]
V
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star with "V" Device and bronze oak leaf cluster (two awards) First award with "V" Device for action on 2 March 1944, Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 84 (4 March 1945). Second award for action on 8 May 1944. [18]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart with two bronze oak leaf clusters (three awards) For wounds received 15 September 1944, 26 October 1944, and 25 January 1945. [19]

Good Conduct and service medals[edit]

U.S. Good Conduct and service medals
Image Medal Notes Refs.
Good Conduct Medal Murphy attested at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, on 21 August 1945 that he had never received the Good Conduct Medal. He was awarded the medal the same day by Lieutenant Colonel H. Miller Ainsworth. [20]
American Campaign Medal For Murphy's service in the American Theater of World War II. [20]
Arrowhead
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one silver star (counts as 5 medals), four bronze stars, and one bronze arrowhead device For Murphy's service in the European Theater of World War II in nine campaigns. [20]
World War II Victory Medal Awarded for military service between the dates of 7 December 1941, and 31 December 1946, both dates inclusive, the medal was authorized by Public Law 135, 79th United States Congress. [20]
Army of Occupation Medal with Germany Clasp For service in the occupation of Germany after the war. [20]
Armed Forces Reserve Medal For his service in the U.S. Army Officers' Reserve Corps and in the Texas National Guard. The medal was created by Executive Order 10163, signed by President Harry Truman on 25 September 1950. It is awarded for ten years service in the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces. [20]

Unit awards[edit]

U.S. unit awards
Image Award Notes Refs.
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Presidential Unit Citation with First Oak Leaf Cluster (two awards) First award with 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment for action 27–29 August 1944. Second award with the 3rd Infantry Division for action at the Colmar Pocket, 22 January – 6 February 1945. [21]

Badges[edit]

U.S. Army badges
Image Badge Notes Refs.
Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge Special Order No. 39, dated 8 May 1944, sixty-one officers and enlisted men of Company B, 15th Infantry were awarded the badge. [4]
ArmyQualMarksmanBadgeHi.jpg Marksman Badge with Rifle Component Bar Earned during basic Army training. [22]
ArmyQualExpertBadgeHi.jpg Expert Badge with Bayonet Component Bar Earned during basic Army training. [22]

U.S. non-military[edit]

U.S. non-military medals
Image Medal Notes Refs.
USA - Army Outstanding Civilian Service Award.png Army Outstanding Civilian Service Medal United States Army public service award established January 1959. It was awarded ito Murphy in 1961 for his technical assistance on the Army's documentary The Broken Bridge. [ALM 5]

Non U.S. medals, awards and decorations[edit]

Non U.S. medals, awards and decorations
Image Medal/award/decoration Notes Refs.
French Legion of HonorGrade of Chevalier (Knight) Decoration presented by General de Lattre de Tassigny in Paris on 19 July 1948. [6]
French Liberation Medal Authorized by France 1947. [20]
Silver star
French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star Decoration approved by the French government on 16 April 1945. Presented 19 September 1945 in Dallas by Brigadier General W. E. Collier, Chief of Staff for the 8th Service Command. [ALM 6]
French Croix de Guerre with Palm Decoration presented in France on 19 July 1948. [6][8]
Belgian Croix de Guerre with 1940 Palm Decoration conferred by Royal Order 4282 on 10 December 1955. The award and documentation were forwarded to the State Department to be held until the United States Congress authorized the acceptance and wearing of it. Murphy was notified by the Army on 14 March 1968, that he was allowed to accept the award. [8]
French Fourragère in Colors of the Croix de Guerre Award authorized to be worn by all members of the 3rd Infantry Division who fought in France during World War II. [25]

U.S. State military[edit]

U.S. State military medals
Image Medal Notes Refs.
width=106 Texas Legislative Medal of Honor HCR3 introduced 20 July 2013, Signed by Gov Rick Perry 19 August 2013. [ALM 7]

Service ranks[edit]

Audie Murphy promotions and commissions
Image Rank Service Branch Date of promotion Refs.
Private U.S. Army 30 June 1942 [30]
US Army WWII PFC.svg Private First Class U.S. Army 7 May 1943 [31]
US Army WWII CPL.svg Corporal U.S. Army 15 July 1943 [32]
US Army WWII SGT.svg Sergeant U.S. Army 13 December 1943 [33]
US Army WWII SSGT.svg Staff Sergeant U.S. Army 13 January 1944 [30]
US-O1 insignia.svg Second Lieutenant U.S. Army 14 October 1944 [34]
US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant U.S. Army 16 February 1945 [35]
US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant U.S. Army Reserve Officers Corps 21 August 1945 [33]
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain Texas National Guard 14 July 1950 [33]
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain U.S. National Guard 19 October 1950 [33]
US-O4 insignia.svg Major Texas National Guard 14 February 1956 [36]
US-O4 insignia.svg Major U.S. National Guard 14 February 1956 [33]
US-O4 insignia.svg Major U.S. Army Reserve 8 November 1966 [33]
US-O4 insignia.svg Major U.S. Army Retired Reserve 22 May 1969 [33]

Other honors[edit]

Sergeant Audie Murphy Club[edit]

U.S. Soldiers reenactment of Audie Murphy military biography, SAMC, Fort Gordon, Ga., 12 Dec 2009

In September 1986, the Command Sergeant Major George L. Horvath III, III Corps Commander Lieutenant General Crosbie E. Saint and several others established the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club at Fort Hood, Texas.[37] The official club crest was designed by club co-founder Don Moore.[38] Since 1994, other units of the U.S. Army have established chapters of the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club (SAMC) as exclusive clubs to honor noncommissioned officers (Corporal E-4 through Sergeant First Class E-7) who have acted in a manner consistent with the actions of Audie Murphy. In 2012 a bronze bust created by Mark and Jenelle Byrd for display in the Sgt. Audie Murphy Club Room in Snow Hall was unveiled at Fort Sill, Oklahoma .[39]

U.S. government, military and veterans organizations[edit]

  • 1972 – Audie Murphy Gym dedicated at Fort Benning, Georgia. Its 2009 renovation included a name change to the Audie Murphy Athletic Performance Center.[40]
  • 1973 – Audie L. Murphy Memorial VA Hospital,[41] San Antonio, Texas dedicated, featuring an outdoor 8-foot (2.4 m) bronze statue created by Jimilu Mason, funded by the Audie L. Murphy Foundation.[42]
  • 1985 – 6-foot (1.8 m) bronze statue at Camp Mabry, sculpted by West Texas artist Bill Leftwich, sponsored by the Texas National Guard.[42]
  • 30 May 1996 – Texas Congressman Ralph Hall commemorated the 25th anniversary of Murphy's death by reading "In Memory of Major Audie L. Murphy" and Murphy's poems, "Alone and Far Removed" and "Freedom Flies in Your Heart Like an Eagle" into the Congressional Record.[43]
  • 3 May 2000 – Murphy was honored with his portrait on a thirty-three cent United States postage stamp.[44]
  • 9 March 2001 – Camp Eagle military visitor lodging Audie Murphy Inn dedicated near Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 3rd Infantry Division.[45]
  • 28 May 2006 – a 16-inch (41 cm) × 8-inch (20 cm) commemorative plaque unveiled at Mount Soledad Veterans Memorial in La Jolla, California.[46]
  • September 2008 – American Legion Audie Murphy Post 336 chartered, San Antonio, Texas.[47]
  • Date unknown – Audie Murphy Award sponsored by the American Veterans Center, honoring veterans of World War II.[48]

Texas (non-military)[edit]

  • 1948 – Audie Murphy Arena, near Euless, Texas was dedicated as a venue for the yearly Audie Murphy Rodeo. In 1952 the Rodeo moved to Stephenville, Texas where it closed during the mid 1950s.[49]
  • 12 February 1949 – Murphy made an honorary Texas A&M University cadet colonel.[50]
  • 2 July 1949 – Murphy made an honorary Texas Ranger and chosen to lead the Texas Ranger Day parade in Brooks County.[51]
  • 1951 – Artist Kipp Soldwedel commissioned to paint Murphy's portrait, now owned by the State of Texas and hung in various locations in the Texas State Capitol.[52]
  • 1962 – Dallas artist Dmitri Vail commissioned to paint Murphy's portrait, believed to be owned by Murphy's family.[52]
  • 1973 – Texas State Historical Marker 7820 installed in Celeste, denoting Murphy's one-time residency.[53]
  • 1973 – Texas State Historical Marker 7821 installed in Kingston, denoting Murphy's birthplace.[54]
  • 1975 – Post Office, Greenville, Texas State Historical Marker 7799 denoted it as the site of Murphy's miliary enlistment; the building and it was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hunt County, Texas in 1974 .[ALM 8]
  • 20 June 1996 – Texas Legislature officially declared his birthdate as "Audie Murphy Day".[57]
  • 1999, Memorial Day – Pink granite obelisk at Texas State Cemetery dedicated listing the names of all Texas-born Medal of Honor recipients, including Murphy.[58]
  • 22 June 2002 – Audie Murphy American Cotton Museum, Greenville, 10-foot (3.0 m) 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg) hollow bronze statue of Murphy sculpted by Gordon Thomas.[ALM 9]
  • 2008 – Texas State Historical Marker 15321, Farmersville, denotes Murphy's post-war homecoming.[63]
  • 2010 – Audie Murphy Middle School established in Alamo.[64]

Other U.S. states[edit]

  • 1971 – Audie Murphy Patriotism Award. When Murphy's death on 28 May 1971, aborted his scheduled appearance at that year's 4 July Spirit of America Festival in Decatur, Alabama, the festival created the annual award in his memory.[65]
  • 11 November 1972 – Patriotic Hall. Los Angeles, California, 21.75 inches (0.552 m) by 31.75 inches (0.806 m) commemorative plaque listing medals won by Murphy during World War II.[66]
  • 10 November 1974 – Mounted plaque erected at Brush Mountain, Virginia by Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5311 of Christiansburg, Virginia, to commemorate the site of Murphy's death.[67]

Non-United States[edit]

  • 17 July 1948 – In Paris, Murphy made an honorary member in the 159th French Alpine Regiment.[68]
  • 14 October 1991 – Sierra Leone issued a postage stamp, Le 2 value, honors Murphy in To Hell and Back (Scott No. 1409).[69]
  • 18 October 1993 – Guyana issued a postage stamp of Murphy in uniform as part of a nine-stamp sheet in tribute to "World War II on the Silver Screen".[69]
  • 20 July 1995 – Nevis Island issued an eight-stamp souvenir sheet with Murphy in the top row.[69]
  • 29 January 2000 – Holtzwihr artist Patrick Baumann designed a commemorative plaque depicting Murphy on a tank destroyer, affixed to a wall at the site of the Medal of Honor action.[70][71]
  • 2001 – Republic of Palau Murphy commemorative stamp part of a four-stamp sheet "Remembering VJ Day".[69]
  • 9 June 2013 – Second free-standing commemorative plaque depicting Murphy firing the .50 caliber machine gun atop the tank unveiled at Holtzwihr by local authorities, the U.S. Consul General in Strasbourg, and representatives from American social organizations based in the Alsace region.[72]

Entertainment industry[edit]

Freemasonry[edit]

In November 2000, Murphy was posthumously awarded the Scottish Rite Masonry 33rd Degree in Long Beach, California, presented to his widow Pamela.[80] From 1955 until his death, Murphy was a member of numerous Scottish Rite lodges in California and Texas. The Murat Shriners of Indianapolis, Indiana provided the below timeline of Murphy's degrees and lodge associations.[ALM 10]

  • 1955
14 February – First degree masonry, North Hollywood Lodge No. 542
4 April – Fellowcraft degree
27 June – Master Mason degree
  • 1956 – Second North Hollywood membership, Magnolia Park No. 618
  • 1957
11–14 November – degree work and 32nd degree Scottish Rite Temple in Dallas
Thomas B. Hunter Memorial Class vice president
15 November – Hella Temple, Dallas shriner
  • 1965
14 November – Master of the Royal Secret, Valley of Dallas, Orient of Texas
11–1 December, 965 Knight Commander of the Court of Honor KCCH
  • 1971
19 March – Al Malaikah Temple in Los Angeles
2 April – Long Beach Scottish Rite Bodies

See also[edit]

Book icon

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Murphy's war service was combat-related. Therefore, he did not receive the non-combat Soldier's Medal. Act of Congress (Public Law 446–69th Congress, 2 July 1926 (44 Stat. 780)) established the Soldier's Medal for heroism "as defined in 10 USC 101(d), at the time of the heroic act who distinguished himself or herself by heroism not involving actual combat with the enemy."[1] At the end of his World War II service, Murphy became known as America's most decorated soldier.[2]
  2. ^ During a 1955 appearance on the Colgate Comedy Hour, uploaded on YouTube as Audie Murphy Attends Beverly Hilton Grand Opening 1955, Murphy appears at 28:48 and briefly talks with Hedda Hopper about how he once gave his medals away but had them replaced by the U.S. Army.[9]
  3. ^ Recommended by Lt. Colonel Hallet D. Edson and Brigadier General R.B. Lovett.[10][11][12]
  4. ^ Eye witness account given by Staff Sergeant Norman Hollen.[13][14][15]
  5. ^ Murphy received no monetary compensation for his services on the documentary.[23][24]
  6. ^ Not available for presentation until months after approval by the government of France.[7][25]
  7. ^ Army regulations dictate that U.S. state level awards follow all U.S. federal level and non-United States awards in order of precedence.[26][27][28] The actual award was presented by Governor Rick Perry to Murphy's family on 29 October 2013, at a ceremony in Farmersville, Texas.[29]
  8. ^ Conflicting information exists as to Murphy's date and place of enlistment. The Audie L. Murphy Memorial website has scanned documents from the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration that include Corrinne Burns' statement and Murphy's "Induction Record", which shows him "Enlisted at Dallas, Texas" on 30 June 1942, and the line above it says "Accepted for service at Greenville, Texas". The National Register of Historic Places Listing added the Greenville post office as historic site number 74002081 in 1974, citing it as Murphy's place of enlistment, possibly referring to the act the military termed "Accepted for service". The NRHP also shows his enlistment date as 20 June 1942 which might be the date he was accepted for service.[30][55][56]
  9. ^ [59] In 1998, seven portraits were created by St. Louis, Missouri artist Richard Krause and later donated to the Audie Murphy Research Foundation. The portraits are now on display at the museum.[60][61] In 2012, the museum became the repository of memorabilia which had been on display at the Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Hospital in San Antonio.[62]
  10. ^ Murat Shriners of Indianapolis, Indiana credits their information sources as the Grand Lodge of Texas and the book Audie Murphy, American Soldier by Harold Simpson.[81]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Army Regulation 600-8-22 (23 June 2013). "2, section II, 3–14". Military Awards. Department of the Army Administrative Publications. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Life Visits Audie Murphy". Life: 94–97. 16 July 1945. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Rosen 2012, pp. 149–151.
  4. ^ a b Simpson 1975, p. 102.
  5. ^ Hackworth & England 2003, p. 37.
  6. ^ a b c Dept. of Defense. "Award of the "Au Grade De Chevalier" for Murphy's exceptional services rendered during operations to liberate France., 07/19/1948". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299781. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Dept. of Defense (16 April 1945). "De La Croix De Guerre Award for Murphy's services rendered during operations to liberate France". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299782. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d Simpson 1975, p. 410.
  9. ^ Larkins & Magers 2004, pp. 1–4.
  10. ^ U.S. Army Center of Military History. "World War II Medal of Honor Recipients M-S". United States Army. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Edson, Lt. Colonel Hallet D.. (17 February 1945). "Recommendation from Lt. Colonel Hallet D. Edson, 15th Infantry, to Award of Medal of Honor to Lieutenant Audie L. Murphy". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299777. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  12. ^ Lovett, Brigadier General R.B.. (12 April 1945). "Recommendation from Brigadier General R.B. Lovett, to Lieutenant General A.M. Patch, for Audie L. Murphy to be awarded the Medal of Honor and General Patch's approval". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299783. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  13. ^ Hollen, Staff Sergeant Norman (December 1944). "Statement describing Murphy's August 15, 1944 actions near Ramatuelle, France". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299779. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  14. ^ Fisch 2006.
  15. ^ Brinkley 2004, p. 191.
  16. ^ Simpson 1975, pp. 131–135.
  17. ^ Simpson 1975, pp. 175–176.
  18. ^ Simpson 1975, pp. 102, 105.
  19. ^ Simpson 1975, pp. 128, 137, 153.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Tanber, George G. (5 May 2005). "Who Had More Medals? Depends on Who's Counting". Toledo Blade. p. 3. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  21. ^ Simpson 1975, pp. 124, 164.
  22. ^ a b Simpson 1975, p. 49.
  23. ^ Dept. of Defense (1974). "Broken Bridge". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 2569746. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  24. ^ Simpson 1975, p. 411.
  25. ^ a b Simpson 1975, p. 442.
  26. ^ Texas Legislature. "Bill HCR3 Legislative Medal of Honor". State of Texas. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Slinkard, Caleb (21 August 2013). "Murphy finally gets medal". Herald Banner. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  28. ^ U.S. Army Regulation 670-1. "29-6". Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia. Department of the Army Administrative Publications. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "Gov. Perry Awards Audie Murphy Texas Legislative Medal of Honor". Press Release. Office of Governor Rick Perry. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c "Scan of Audie Murphy's Service Record book". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  31. ^ Graham 1989, p. 37.
  32. ^ Graham 1989, p. 39.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g "Scan of Service Documents July1953 – June 1971 from National Archives". Audie Murphy Memorial Website. pp. 3, 7, 27, 102, 105, 137, 167. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  34. ^ Fisch 2006, p. 333.
  35. ^ Graham 1989, p. 95.
  36. ^ Tate 2006, p. 158.
  37. ^ "The History of the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club". United States Army Fort Hood. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  38. ^ "The History of the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club". United States Army Fort Gordon. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  39. ^ Myers, Corynn. "Sgt. Audie Murphy bust dedicated at Fort Sill". United States Army. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  40. ^ "Audie Murphy Athletic Performance Center – Fort Benning DFMWR". Fort Benning Directorate of Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  41. ^ "Audie L. Murphy Memorial VA Hospital". U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  42. ^ a b Little 1996, pp. 71,384.
  43. ^ Hall, Honorable Ralph M. (1996). "In Memory of Major Audie L. Murphy, Thursday, May 30, 1996". Congressional Record 104th Congress (1995–1996). Thomas Guide, Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  44. ^ "Publication 528, Veterans and the Military on Stamps". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  45. ^ "Photographs, user-generated reproduction of 2001 letter to Terry Murphy from U.S. Army Colonel Barry J. Fowler, 3rd Infantry Division in Bosnia, accompanying user-generated explanatory text". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  46. ^ "Audie Murphy plaque". Mt. Soledad Veterans Memorial Association Inc. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  47. ^ Chandler, Natalie. "American Legion Post 336 signs 500th and counting – San Antonio Express-News". Mysanantonio.com. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  48. ^ "Audie Murphy award". American Veterans Center. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  49. ^ Simpson 1975, p. 319.
  50. ^ Adams Jr. 2001, p. 179.
  51. ^ Davis 2011, p. 118.
  52. ^ a b Simpson 1975, p. 412.
  53. ^ "Celeste, Texas". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  54. ^ "Birthplace of Audie Murphy". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  55. ^ "NRHP Greenville Post Office". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  56. ^ "The Old Greenville Post Office". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  57. ^ Simpson, Harold B. "Audie Leon Murphy". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  58. ^ "Medal of Honor monument". State of Texas. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  59. ^ "Audie L. Murphy Memorial Hunt County Veterans Exhibit". Audie Murphy Cotton Museum. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  60. ^ Graham 1989, pp. 216.
  61. ^ "Photographs of Audie Murphy portraits with user-generated explanatory text". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  62. ^ "A Place of Honor – Handle with Care". U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  63. ^ "Audie Murphy's Homecoming, June 15, 1945". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  64. ^ "Audie Murphy Middle School, Alamo, Tx". Pharr-San Juan-Alamo ISD. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  65. ^ "Audie Murphy Patriotism Award". Spirit of America Festival. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  66. ^ "Photograph of Los Angeles County Supervisor Kenneth Hahn, Pamela Archer Murphy, and the plaque, user-generated reproduction of plaque text, user-generated reproduction of Los Angeles Times text". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  67. ^ *"Audie Murphy Crash Site Marker 58308". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  68. ^ "Scanned original of 2003 letter from the Ministere de la Defense in France, to Stan Smith of Project Audie Murphy". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  69. ^ a b c d "Scans of Foreign Stamps of Audie Murphy with user-generated explanatory text". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  70. ^ "Holtzwihr Memorial to Audie Murphy, photographs, user-generated explanatory text.". Audie L. Murphy Memorial Website. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  71. ^ Hundley 2011, pp. 117–125.
  72. ^ Furderer, Robert. "En mémoire d'Audie Murphy, libérateur et acteur". L'Alsace.fr. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  73. ^ "Audie Murphy Marker, Kanab Utah Walk of Fame Marker 41209". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  74. ^ "Nominee for Ride a Crooked Trail". Laurel Awards. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  75. ^ "Inducted to the Walk of Fame on February 8, 1960 with 1 star". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  76. ^ "3rd annual awards". Golden Boot. 1985. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  77. ^ Tate 2006, pp. 152–163.
  78. ^ "Join In and Win! Tune Into the American Veteran Awards on The History Channel". PRNewswire. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  79. ^ "Santa Clarita Walk of Fame Guide". City of Santa Clarita. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  80. ^ "Widow Of Audie Murphy Attends Ladies Night Dinner". 33 Degree Current Interest. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  81. ^ "Audie Murphy biography". Murat Shrine. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Adams Jr., John A (2001). Keepers of the Spirit: The Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M University, 1876–2001. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 978-1-58544-126-6. 
  • Brinkley, Douglas (2004). The World War II Desk Reference. Collins Reference. ISBN 978-0-06-052651-1. 
  • Davis, Joe B; Parsons, Chuck (2011). The Texas Rangers. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7982-5. 
  • Fisch, Arnold G; Hogan, David W; Wright, Robert K (2006). The Story of the Noncommissioned Officer Corps: The Backbone of the Army. Dept of the Army. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-16-067868-4. 
  • Graham, Don (1989). No Name on the Bullet. Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-81511-1. 
  • Hackworth, David H; England, Eilhys (2003). Steel My Soldiers' Hearts: The Hopeless to Hardcore Transformation of U.S. Army, 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry, Vietnam. Touchstone. ISBN 978-0-7432-4613-2. 
  • Hundley, Pansy (2011). Around Farmersville. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7971-9. 
  • Larkins, Bob; Magers, Boyd (2004). The Films of Audie Murphy. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 9780786417612. 
  • Little, Carol Morris (1996). A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-76036-3. 
  • Rosen, David M (2012). Child Soldiers. ABC-CLIO,. ISBN 978-1-59884-526-6. 
  • Simpson, Harold B. (1975). Audie Murphy, American Soldier. Hillsboro, TX: Hill Jr. College Press. ISBN 978-0-912172-20-0. 
  • Tate, J. R (2006). Walkin' with the Ghost Whisperers. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-4544-4. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Audie Murphy at Wikimedia Commons