Audio Video Standard

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Audio Video Standard (AVS) is a compression standard for digital audio and digital video, and is competing with AAC and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC to potentially replace MPEG-2. Chinese companies own 90% of AVS patents.[1] The audio and video files have an .avs extension as a container format.

Overview[edit]

Development of AVS was initiated by the government of the People's Republic of China. Commercial success of the AVS standard would not only reduce China's royalty/licensing payments to foreign companies, it would presumably earn China's electronics industry recognition among the more established industries of the developed world, where China is still seen as an outlet for mass production with limited indigenous design capability.

In January 2005, the AVS workgroup submitted their draft report to the Information Industry Department (IID). On March 30, 2005, the first trial by the IID approved the video portion of the draft standard for a public showing time.

The dominant audio/video compression standards, MPEG and VCEG, enjoy widespread use in consumer digital media devices, such as DVD players. Their usage requires Chinese manufacturers to pay substantial royalty fees to the mostly-foreign companies that hold patents on technology in those standards. For example, as of 2006, licenses ranging from $2.50 to $4 already make up about ten percent of the cost for a contract-manufactured DVD player unit.[2]

According to the state-run media, a key consideration of AVS was to reduce foreign dependence on core intellectual properties used in digital media technology. Proposed as a national standard in 2004, AVS had a targeted royalty of 1 RMB (or about $0.10 USD) per player. On April 30, 2005, AVS standard video officially passed the public show and became the national standard.

AVS was expected[by whom?] to be approved for the Chinese high-definition successor to the EVD, and when CBHD was released it shipped with 30GB blue laser discs and video in the AVS format, which rapidly gained market share – standing at 30% of the video disc market after four months.

Open-source implementations of an AVS video decoder can be found in the OpenAVS project and within the libavcodec library. The latter is integrated in some free video players like MPlayer, VLC or xine. xAVS is also an open source AVS encoder with a working decoder.

China's high-definition video disc format CBHD (China blue high-definition) supports AVS.[3]

References[edit]

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