Auditorio de Tenerife
|Auditorio de Tenerife "Adán Martín"|
|Location||Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain|
|Opening||September 26, 2003|
|Structural system||Concrete frame & precast concrete ribbed roof|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Santiago Calatrava Valls|
The Auditorio de Tenerife "Adán Martín" (formerly named, but still commonly referred to as, Auditorio de Tenerife), was designed by architect Santiago Calatrava Valls. It is located on the Avenue of the Constitution in the Canarian capital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), and next to the Atlantic Ocean in the southern part of Port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Construction began in 1997 and was completed in 2003. The auditorium was inaugurated on 26 September of that year with the presence of Felipe de Borbón, Prince of Asturias, and was later visited by former U.S. President Bill Clinton. The building is framed within the tenets of late-modern architecture of the late 20th century.
The majestic profile of the auditorium has become an architectural symbol of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the island of Tenerife and the Canary Islands. It is also regarded as the finest modern building in the Canary Islands and one of the most emblematic buildings of Spanish architecture. In March 2008, it was included by the post office in a set of six stamps (Correos) depicting the most emblematic works of Spanish architecture. In 2011, the image of the Tenerife Auditorium was included in a series of commemorative coins of 5 euros, which displayed the most emblematic symbols of several Spanish cities. It is one of the major attractions of Tenerife and home to the Orquesta Sinfónica de Tenerife (Tenerife Symphony Orchestra).
Already in 1970, society demands the creation of an auditorium for the islands. In 1977 approving the location of the auditorium in the El Ramonal, the following year the contest of ideas begins. Initially the project agreed to appoint the architect Antonio Fernández Alba. Later, in 1985, approved the new location of the auditorium in the El Chapatal.
In 1987, is presents plans the architects Antonio Fernández Alba, Vicente Saavedra and Javier Díaz Llanos. There is a conceptual shift on the type of building and abandons the previous project. In 1989 begin contacts with the architect Santiago Calatrava Valls, who is the architect definitive.
In 1991, he publicly presented the Draft, the building will be located at the end of Avenida Tres de Mayo, and in 1992 created the Commission for Supervision and Control for the construction of the auditorium. In 1996, approving the proposed change of location to the Castillo de San Juan Bautista, located by the sea.
For 1997, they start the earthmoving works at the final location. Throughout the year 2001 are placed 17 metal parts forming the jacket. Meanwhile in 2002, completed the work of concrete and plaster with white trencadis abroad, while acoustic works were completed within the rooms.
The Tenerife Auditorium was officially opened by the Prince of Asturias Felipe de Borbón on September 26, 2003. The opening was covered by media from around the world, including newspapers such as the New York Times, Financial Times, The Independent, the Paris Le Monde, and Italy's Corriere della Sera, as well as international magazines such as Elle Decoration, Architecture Today and Marie Claire Maison.
Bill Clinton's visit
The auditorium was visited by former President of the United States Bill Clinton, who visited Tenerife in July 2005 to attend a conference on the role of the island in the Tenerife Atlantic Logistics Platform. This is also the first visit by a former U.S. president to the Canary Islands.
On January 28, 2011 the Cabildo de Tenerife approved the proposal of renaming the building to be renamed "Auditorio de Tenerife Adán Martín" in memory of President of the Canary Islands, Adán Martín Menis, who was the driving force behind the construction of the auditorium. However, many citizens and media were against the name change. Despite the name change of the auditorium most of the population continues to call the building just "Auditorio de Tenerife".
The Auditorio de Tenerife is situated in a central area of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, near The Avenue of the Constitution, the Parque Marítimo César Manrique and the Port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The auditorium is located near the Tenerife Tram station.
Near the auditorium stand the two Torres de Santa Cruz, which are the tallest buildings in the Canary Islands, and the tallest residential building in Spain until 2010. The auditorium and the towers are the most recognizable and photographed view of the city. The building stands on a plot of 23,000 m² of which the auditorium occupies 6471 m², divided into two chambers. The main hall or Symphony, crowned by a dome, has 1,616 available seats in an amphitheater and a stage with an opening of 16.5 meters and a depth of 14 meters. Organ pipes emerge from both sides of the pit, designed by Albert Blancafort (who has also been involved in the construction of organs at the Cathedral of Alcala de Henares and the Auditorio Alfredo Kraus on Gran Canaria). The auditorium differs from traditional designs, attempting to surround the listener with sound sources.
The chamber hall, with 422 seats, reproduces the symphony hall amphitheater on a smaller scale. In the lobby, accessible from two sides of the building, are the press room, a shop and cafe. The building also has a dozen individual dressing rooms, as well as rooms for hairdressing, makeup, costumes, etc. The exterior has two terraces overlooking the sea.
The building is famous for its great "arc", this element marked a before and after in the history of architecture, it is the only large arch supported by only two points of support, while the tip appears suspended gravity defying. The silhouette of auditorium seaside evokes the Sydney Opera House in Australia. This has meant that since the construction of the Auditorio de Tenerife in 2003, has popularized the term "The Sydney of the Atlantic", to refer to the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
- Trade Winds Plaza: 16.289 m²
- Atlantic Terrace: 400 m²
- City Terrace: 350 m²
- Symphony Hall
- Chamber Hall
- Galleries Port and Castle
The building is normally lit in bright white at night, but more colorful lighting is used on special occasions. For example, on New Year 2007–2008 the auditorium was lit in white and yellow, and a clock was projected onto one wing of the building to mark the hours. In 2008, it was illuminated in green to celebrate 30 years of Transportes interurbanos de Tenerife, S.A. (TITSA).
On World Diabetes Day, the auditorium is illuminated in blue, and special lighting is also employed during the annual Cadena Dial Awards. The auditorium also participates in "Earth Hour," a campaign against climate change in which large buildings "go dark" for an hour to draw awareness to the cause.
Also when held in the auditorium a national or international convention, are placed on the masts located next to the building, look national flags of the participating countries (e.g. on the occasion of World Port Strategy Forum), also placed banners with logo of the companies sponsoring these forums.
The auditorium hosts various musical performances, such as Tenerife Danza, Atlantic Jazz, World Music and Great Performers in addition to hosting the Orquesta Sinfónica de Tenerife, the Tenerife Opera Festival and, together with the Teatro Pérez Galdós in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, the sessions for the Canary Islands Music Festival (Festival de Música de Canarias).
Auditorium facilities are designed to accommodate conferences, product launches and conventions. The auditorium building and its environment are also promoted as a location for filming commercials.
The area around the auditorium, are also used in the Armed Forces Day during the month of May, where the best pieces of artillery are exposed at the foot of the building like a "great outdoor military museum" it were. During the celebration of the Canary Islands Day (May 30), The Tenerife Auditorium hosts the Canary Awards and Gold Medals of the region. This act has the presence of President of the Canary Islands and the maximum regional authorities, and local island.
Gala de los Premios de la Cadena Dial
The official Cadena Dial Awards have been held in the Auditorium of Tenerife since 2007. The gala event brings together various national and international Latin singers including Laura Pausini, Chayanne, Amaral, Amaia Montero, Eros Ramazzotti, Beatriz Luengo, Camila, Estopa, Luis Fonsi, Tiziano Ferro, Manolo Garcia, Melocos, Melendi, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Pitingo, Rosario and Sergio Dalma. Familiar faces in show business, television and radio have presented the awards: Paz Vega, Santi Millán, Fernando Tejero, Marta Torné, José Mari Manzanares, Elena Rivera, Jose Ramon de la Morena, Pablo Motos and Gemma Nierga. One of the unique events at this gala is the singer's walk, a green carpet installed at the foot of the auditorium.
The awards reach across the Atlantic via the radio network Union Radio Kiss Radio in Colombia, Mexico, Chile and Costa Rica, Continental Radio in Argentina and Top 40 stations of Panama, Argentina, Guatemala and Ecuador. In addition, the gala is broadcast on TV Canaria and Cuatro TV.
The Auditorio de Tenerife and Santiago Calatrava have been criticized for several reasons: his change of location, various structural problems, budget increases, and an alleged breach of safety rules.
- Santa Cruz de Tenerife
- Torres de Santa Cruz
- Orquesta Sinfónica de Tenerife
- Sydney Opera House
- Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia
- Spanish architecture
- Bienvenidos al Auditorio de Tenerife "Adán Martín"
- El Cabildo inicia los trámites para denominar al Auditorio de Tenerife "Auditorio de Tenerife Adán Martín"
- La Sinfónica de Tenerife y Ainhoa Arteta ofrecen este jueves un concierto homenaje al expresidente canario Adán Martín
- Auditorio de Tenerife (in Spanish)
- Auditorio Tenerife, information (in Spanish)
- Correos issued six emblematic works of Spanish architecture and includes the Auditorio de Tenerife (in Spanish)
- Moneda conmemorativa del Auditorio de Tenerife. Año 2011.
- La construcción del Auditorio de Tenerife, año a año y paso a paso
- From New York to Sydney (in Spanish)
- Bill Clinton's Visit (in Spanish)
- "A traición y con alevosía". Una pena Concierto de abono número 6 de la Orquesta Sinfónica de Tenerife
- El nuevo perfil de Santa Cruz de Tenerife con el Auditorio
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Auditorio de Tenerife.|
- Official Website of Auditorio de Tenerife
- Webcam of the Port of Santa Cruz and Auditorium of Tenerife