Audrieu

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Audrieu
The Seulles river near Pont Roch
The Seulles river near Pont Roch
Audrieu is located in France
Audrieu
Audrieu
Coordinates: 49°12′36″N 0°35′32″W / 49.21°N 0.5922°W / 49.21; -0.5922Coordinates: 49°12′36″N 0°35′32″W / 49.21°N 0.5922°W / 49.21; -0.5922
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Tilly-sur-Seulles
Intercommunality Val de Seulles
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Louis Lebouteiller
Area1 11.31 km2 (4.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,042
 • Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14026 / 14250
Elevation 37–105 m (121–344 ft)
(avg. 45 m or 148 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Audrieu is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aldériens or Aldériennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Audrieu is located some 11 km south-east of Bayeux and 16 km west by north-west of Caen. Access to the commune is by the D82 road from Ducy-Sainte-Marguerite in the north which passes south through the centre of the commune and the village and continues to Tilly-sur-Seulles in the south. The D187 branches off the D82 in the north of the commune and goes west to Chouain. The D178 branches off the D82 south of the village and goes west to Juaye-Mondaye. The D158 branches off the D82 in the north of the commune and goes north to Loucelles. The D94 branches of the D82 in the village and goes east to Brouay. The railway from Bayeux to Caen passes through the north of the commune with a station at Le Haut des Jardins. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Lieu Moussard, Hervieu, Le Haut-des-Jardins, Le Bas-d'Audrieu, Le Calvaire, Ferme de la Motte, Hameau Pavie, and Le Pont Roch. The commune is farmland with residential areas mostly along the D82.[2]

The Seulles river forms the western border of the commune as it flows north to join the ocean at Courseulles-sur-Mer.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Audrieu village dates back to Classical Antiquity when it was called Alderium. There are traces of Gallo-Roman dwellings and a Motte-and-bailey castle. The first lord of the area was Percy, cook for William the Conqueror, who gave it to the descendants of the Duke of Northumberland. In 1593 Audrieu returned to Guillaume de Seran, who married Marguerite de Percy, and whose lordship became a barony in 1615.

British soldiers in Audrieu on 13 June 1944

After being sold in the French Revolution the chateau returned to the Séran family at the Restoration and is still in the hands of their descendants. During the Second World War Gerhard Bremer, commandant of the 12th Reconnaissance Battalion of the German army established his headquarters in the chateau. On 8 June 1944, in clearings, forests, and orchards surrounding the castle, 24 members of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division were executed: 22 from the Royal Winnipeg Rifles and two from the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada. Two British soldiers were killed at the same time. The castle now houses a luxury hotel and restaurant.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1912 Saillard du Boisberthe
1916 1944 Henri Naguet de Saint-Vulfran
1945 1960 Philippe Livry-Level RPF
1961 1969 Leseigneur
1971 Jean Poi Leguern
1995 2020 Jean-Louis Lebouteiller PS Liberal Nurse

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,042 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
529 772 920 835 794 824 761 741 749
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
753 740 680 664 680 685 653 654 668
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
631 637 601 439 456 503 512 536 545
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
520 539 485 676 868 839 826 1,042 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Audrieu

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The Chateau
Remains of the Motte-and-bailey castle

The commune has two buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chateau of Audrieu (18th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4] The Chateau is composed of a main building with two projecting pavilions and a centre topped by a triangular pediment. The Chateau of La Motte is older with the Saint-Louis chapel dating from the 13th century.
  • The Chateau grounds (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]

Other sites of interest are:

Religious heritage[edit]

The bell tower of the church
The entrance to the church

The commune has one religious buildings that is registered as a historical monument:

  • The Church of Notre-Dame d'Audrieu (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6] The Church was founded by Trinity Abbey, Vendôme, who owned a nearby priory-priest. The church depended additionally on the Baron of Audrieu (possibly by retrocession of the priory of Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Chesnaye to whom this right belonged in the 14th century).

The Church contains three items that are registered as historical objects:

  • A Painting: The Rosary (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Statue: Saint John the Bapotist (14th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Statue: Virgin and Child (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111018 Chateau (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA14003337 Chateau grounds (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111019 Church of Notre-Dame d'Audrieu (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000015 Painting: The Rosary (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000014 Statue: Saint John the Baptist (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000013 Statue: Virgin and Child (French)Camera aabb.svg