Auga

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Auga
Countryside in Auga
Countryside in Auga
Auga is located in France
Auga
Auga
Coordinates: 43°28′42″N 0°22′50″W / 43.4783°N 0.3806°W / 43.4783; -0.3806Coordinates: 43°28′42″N 0°22′50″W / 43.4783°N 0.3806°W / 43.4783; -0.3806
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Thèze
Intercommunality Luys en Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Paul Lacabanne
Area1 4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 140
 • Density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64077 / 64450
Elevation 123–258 m (404–846 ft)
(avg. 160 m or 520 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auga is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Auga is located some 20 km north of Pau and 35 km east of Orthez. Access to the commune is by the D40 road which branches off the D944 just south of Méracq and goes south through the length of the commune and the village before continuing to join the D834 near Sauvagnon in the south. The D220 road goes south from the village to Viven. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered forests.[1]

The Pyrénées-Atlantiques Interurban Network bus line has a stop in the commune on route 842 from Malaussanne to Pau.

The Luy de France flows north up the eastern side of the commune and continues north-west to join the Luy de Béarn to form the Luy north-east of Castel-Sarrazin.[1]

Places and hamlets[2][edit]

  • Bidot[3]
  • Bret[4]
  • Castaing
  • Cazenave
  • Claux[5]
  • Grange Haget[6]
  • Haou[7]
  • Laplante
  • Lauroua
  • Maupas
  • Méhil
  • Miraut[8]
  • Moun
  • Pargade[9]
  • Parrot
  • Pellarouy[10]
  • Péruillet

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Augar. Michel Grosclaude suggested the etymology is Gascon coming from augar meaning "marshy terrain".[11]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Auga Algar 11th century Raymond
16
Saint-Pé Village
Augar 13th century Raymond
16
Fors de Béarn
Augaar 1385 Raymond
16
Census
Augaa 1437 Raymond
16
Homages
Sent Laurens d'Auguaa 1538 Raymond
16
Reformation
Augua 1544 Raymond
16
Reformation
Abescat Abescat 1673 Raymond
2
Reformation Fief under the Viscounts of Béarn
Baradat Baradat 1863 Raymond
20
Place

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Auriol Centulle, third son of Centule IV, Viscount of Béarn, and Angèle d'Oloron, was lord of Clarac, Igon, Baudreix, Boeil, and Auga.

Paul Raymond noted on page 17 of the 1863 dictionary that the commune had two Lay Abbeys, vassals of the Viscounts of Béarn: Abadie-Susan and Abadie-Jusan. In 1385, Auga had 22 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Auga was also a ruffebaronnie, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.[12]

The fief of Abescat was also a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.

Administration[edit]

Auga Village

List of Successive Mayors[17]

From To Name Party Position
1983 1995 Alexis Cassoulet
1995 2001 Michel Chéret PS
2001 2008 Pierre Dubourdieu
2001 2014 Pierre Chéret PS Regional Councillor
2014 2020 Jean-Paul Lacabanne

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Luys en Béarn;
  • the AEP association of Arzacq;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association of Aubin-Auga-Doumy-Bournos;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 140 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
244 239 266 302 344 318 302 307 323
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
327 303 285 270 259 245 224 171 168
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
192 190 184 137 134 131 142 148 132
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
140 138 114 121 136 113 140 140 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auga

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Haou Blacksmith's House (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A House at Haou (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A Farmhouse at Pellarouy (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Farmhouse at Pargade (1733)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Farmhouse at Miraut (1830)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Maison Lacabanne Farmhouse at Bret (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Maison Labescat House (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19] This was one of the two Lay Abbeys mentioned by Paul Raymond which was rebuilt in the 19th century.
  • A Mill at Grange Haget (1707)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Maison Dubourdieu House (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Farmhouse at Claux (1780)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at Bidot (1801)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[3]
  • The Chateau d'Auga Fourcade fortified chateau (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Laurent

The Parish Church of Saint-Laurent (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as a historical monument.[23]

The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • The Furniture in the Church (Supplementary list)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Painting: Christ on the Cross between the Virgin and Saint Laurent (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, and 2 Statues (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • The Balustrade of the gallery (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

Auga has no primary school as it is part of an inter-communal educational regrouping with Aubin, Bournos, and Doumy.

Sports[edit]

People from the commune play football at ESBDG (Bournos Doumy Garlède Sports Group)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026718 Farmhouse at Bidot (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026724 Maison Lacabanne Farmhouse (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026719 Farmhouse at Claux (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026721 Mill at Grange Haget (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026722 Chateau (French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026725 Farmhouse at Miraut (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026726 Farmhouse at Pargade (French)
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026727 Farmhouse at Pellarouy (French)
  11. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  12. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  13. ^ Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint-Pé, Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (French)
  14. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from 1343 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  16. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  17. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026728 House (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026723 Maison Labescat House (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026720 Maison Dubourdieu House (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026717 Chateau d'Auga Fourcade (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026715 Houses and Farms (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026716 Parish Church of Saint-Laurent (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001172 Furniture in the Church (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001176 Furniture in the Church (Supplementary list) (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001175 Painting: Christ on the Cross between the Virgin and Saint Laurent (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001174 Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, and 2 Statues (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001173 Balustrade of the gallery (French)