August

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This article is about the month. For other uses, see August (disambiguation).
"Aug." redirects here. For other uses, see Aug.
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Depiction of harvesting in the August calendar page of the Queen Mary Psalter (fol. 78v), ca. 1310.

August (Listeni/ˈɔːɡəst/ AW-gəst) is the eighth month of the year (between July and September) in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of seven months with a length of 31 days.[1]

In the Southern Hemisphere, August is the seasonal equivalent of February in the Northern Hemisphere.

In common years no other month starts on the same day of the week as August, though in leap years February starts on the same day. August ends on the same day of the week as November every year. March and November of the previous year start on the same day of the week as August of the current year as a common year and June of the previous year starts on the same day of the week as August of the current year as a leap year. March and June of the previous year end on the same day of the week as August of the current year as a common year and September of the previous year ends on the same day of the week as August of the current year as a leap year. In years immediately before common years, August starts and ends on the same day of the week as May of the following year while in years immediately before leap years, August starts on the same day of as October of the following year and ends on the same day of the week as February and October of the following year. In common years immediately before other common years, August starts on the same day of the week as February of the previous year.

This month was originally named Sextili in Latin, because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, when March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC it was renamed in honor of Augustus (despite common belief, he did not take a day from February; see the debunked theory on month lengths). According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.[2]

Events in August[edit]

August, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry showing a group of travelers and the Duc's Château d'Étampes in the background

Monthlong events in August[edit]

  • Edinburgh Festival is an internationally famous arts festival that takes place during August
  • National Immunization Awareness Month
  • National Psoriasis Awareness Month
  • National Water Quality Month
  • In many European countries, August is the holiday month for most workers
  • The Philippines celebrates August as the "Month of Philippine Languages"
  • In the United States, August is National Back to School month. Some US School districts and systems return to school in August.
  • In the United States, August is National Goat Cheese Month.[3]
  • American Adventures Month
  • Audio Appreciation Month
  • Black Business Month
  • Cataract Awareness Month
  • Children's Eye Health and Safety Month
  • Children's Vision and Learning Month
  • Get Ready for Kindergarten Month
  • Happiness Happens Month
  • Neurosurgery Outreach Month
  • Panini Month
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Awareness Month
  • What Will Be Your Legacy Month
  • Win with Civility Month[4]

Weeklong events in August[edit]

Other August events[edit]

  • The first full weekend in August each year, Twinsburg, Ohio, celebrates Twins Days.
  • Bon festival – (Obon Festival) is a Japanese traditional Buddhist custom, evolved into a family reunion holiday. Many Japanese manufacturers and firms give their employees three to five days off around the 15th of August.
  • Indian Independence day on August 15
  • The Glorious Twelfth, the start of the shooting season for Red Grouse in the United Kingdom August 12th
  • International Lefthanders Day August 13th
  • Pakistan's Independence day on August 14th
  • Vietnam Veterans' Day (Australia) marking the Battle of Long Tan (18 August 1966)
  • World Humanitarian Day is a day dedicated to recognize humanitarian personnel and those who have lost their lives working for humanitarian causes on August 19th
  • Black Ribbon Day, commemorating the peaceful political demonstration in 1989 when two million people joined hands across the Baltic states of Estonian SSR, Latvian SSR, and Lithuanian SSR August 23rd
  • The International Day against Nuclear Tests August 29th
  • The International Day of the Disappeared, drawing attention to the fate of individuals imprisoned at places and under poor conditions unknown to their relatives and/or legal representatives August 30th
  • Kilkenny Arts Week in Kilkenny, Ireland.[5]

Daily events in August[edit]

  • 1 August is Swiss National Day.
  • 6 August is Independence Day in Jamaica since 1962.
  • 9 August is the National Day of Singapore.
  • 15 August is Indian Independence Day since 1947.
  • 14 August is Pakistan's Independence Day since 1947.
  • 17 August is Indonesia's Independence Day since 1945
  • The Philippines celebrates National Heroes Day in commemoration of the First Cry of the Philippine Revolution on August 23, 1896.
  • 24 August is Independence Day in Ukraine since 1991.
  • 27 August is Moldova National Day
  • 31 August is the National Day of Malaysia.

August symbols[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: August