Augustów

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Augustów
Top left:Augustow Basilica of Jesus in Skorupki, Top right:Former Water Management Authority's Office (Budynek Zarzadu Wodnego), Middle left:A ancient house in Augustow Market Square, Middle right:Netta Nature Park and Augstow Canal, Bottom:Icy season in Studzieniczne Lake
Top left:Augustow Basilica of Jesus in Skorupki, Top right:Former Water Management Authority's Office (Budynek Zarzadu Wodnego), Middle left:A ancient house in Augustow Market Square, Middle right:Netta Nature Park and Augstow Canal, Bottom:Icy season in Studzieniczne Lake
Coat of arms of Augustów
Coat of arms
Augustów is located in Poland
Augustów
Augustów
Coordinates: 53°51′N 22°58′E / 53.850°N 22.967°E / 53.850; 22.967
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Podlaskie
County Augustów County
Gmina Augustów (urban gmina)
Established 1546
Town rights 1550
Government
 • Mayor Kazimierz Kozuchowski
Area
 • Total 80.93 km2 (31.25 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 30,802[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 16-300 to 16-303
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates BAU
Website http://www.um.augustow.pl

Augustów [au̯ˈɡustuf] ( ) (Lithuanian: Augustavas) is a city in north-eastern Poland with 30,802 inhabitants (2011). It lies on the Netta River and the Augustów Canal. It is situated in the Podlaskie Voivodeship (since 1999), having previously been in Suwałki Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the seat of Augustów County and of Gmina Augustów.

In 1970 Augustów became officially recognized as a health and relaxation resort. In 1973 surrounding settlements were named a part of it, forming a popular resort town.


History[edit]

The town was first mentioned in 1496 and was granted city rights by king Sigismund II in 1557. Until 1569 Augustów belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania when the Real union called Union of Lublin was signed between Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Royal Prussia. As a result, the town became a part of the Kingdom of Poland, while its cemetery was left in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Tatar invaders destroyed Augustów in 1656, and the second half of the 17th century saw the town afflicted by plague.

In 1795 Prussia annexed Augustów. In 1807 it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw, followed by incorporation into the Kingdom of Poland in 1815. It was made a county seat in 1842. The first railway connection reached Augustów in 1899.

During World War I, the Russian army successfully counterattacked the German army across Augustów in 1914. In the aftermath of World War I, it was a site of the Battle of Augustów in 1920. From 1939 to 1941, Soviet troops occupied the town. Many inhabitants were sent to exile in Kazakhstan, from where some were able to return after 6 years. The Nazi German forces occupied Augustów until 1944. World War II brought destruction of about 70% of the town and death or departure of most of its residents, amongst them a community of several thousand Jews who were imprisoned in the ghetto situated between the canal and the river. The Germans executed practically all of them before they left. In 1945 the Soviets conducted the nearby Augustów Roundup - a special operation against former Armia Krajowa anticommunist fighters.

Augustowo[edit]

The town of Augustów, located on a canal (65 mi) connecting the Vistula with the Neman River, was also known as Augustowo, wrote Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1911). It was founded in 1557 by Sigismund II Augustus, hence its name, and laid out in a very regular manner, with a spacious market-place. It carried a large trade in cattle and horses, and manufactured linen and huckaback. Population in 1897 was 12,746.

Augustów ring road controversy[edit]

The construction of the Augustów bypass called Via Baltica, through the wetlands of the Rospuda Valley, attracted great controversy in 2007. The work was halted after the European Commission applied for an immediate injunction. See Rospuda River, European route E67.[2]

Tourism[edit]

Boulevard in Augustów on the Augustów Canal

The town, although small, has many attractions for the visitors. The Oficerski Yacht Club Hotel, built in the 1930s, is an army yacht club that has been restored and converted into a resort.[3] It is located on the edge of one of many lakes in the region. Pope John Paul II has a memorial chair from the first and last time he visited the town right outside the club. Boat tours are also popular and the old town square still has its original cobblestone streets.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Augustów is twinned with the following cities and towns:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 53°51′N 22°58′E / 53.850°N 22.967°E / 53.850; 22.967