August 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Aug. 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Aug. 19

All fixed commemorations below are observed on August 31 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For August 18, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 5.

Feasts[edit]

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western saints[edit]

  • Saint Agapitus of Palestrina, a fifteen year old who bravely confessed Christ and was martyred in Palestrina near Rome (c. 274)[29][note 10]
  • Martyrs John and Crispus, priests in Rome who devoted themselves to recovering and burying the bodies of the martyrs, for which they also suffered martyrdom.[29][note 11]
  • Saint Firminus of Metz, Greek or Italian by origin, he was Bishop of Metz in France for eight years, Confessor (496)[6][29]
  • Saint Daig Maccairill (Daig, Dagaeus, Daganus), disciple of St Finian, he founded a monastery at Inis Cain Dega (Inniskeen), and was both abbot and bishop (586)[29][30]
  • Saint Milo, a monk together with his father at Fontenelle Abbey in France, and later a hermit (c. 740)[29]
  • Saint Inan (Evan),a hermit in Ayrshire in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him (9th century)[29]

Post-Schism Orthodox saints[edit]

New martyrs and confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyrs Archimandrite Augustine of Orans Monastery, and Archpriest Nicholas of Nizhni-Novgorod, and 15 people with them (1918)[1][26][34][35]
  • New Hieromartyr Gregory Bronnikov, Priest, and Martyr Eugene Dmitriev and Michael Eregodsky (1937)[13][26]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icons[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "On the third day of the Afterfeast of the Dormition, the hymns at Vespers call upon us to "sing the praises of the pure and most holy Virgin." She did not ascend to heaven in a chariot of fire, as did the Prophet Elias, but "He Who is truly the Sun of Righteousness" received her pure soul."[2]
  3. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Florus (Φλῶρος);
    • Flora (Φλώρα).
  4. ^ "In Dalmatia, the holy martyrs Florus and Laurus, stonecutters, who, after the martyrdom of Proculus and Maximus, their employers, were subjected to many torments under the governor Licion, and plunged into a deep well."[6]
  5. ^ "When the construction of the temple was completed, the brothers gathered the Christians together, and going through the temple, they smashed the idols. In the eastern part of the temple they set up the holy Cross. They spent all night in prayer, illumined with heavenly light. Having learned of this, the head of the district condemned to burning the former pagan priest Mamertin and his son and 300 Christians."[4]
  6. ^ "In the same city, the holy martyrs Hernias, Serapion, and Polyaenus. Being dragged through narrow, stony, and craggy places, they yielded up their souls to God."[6]
  7. ^ The Book of Saints compiled by the Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (1921), has the following two entries for these saints:
    • "AEMILIAN (St.) Bp. M. (Feb. 8). "Some writers, however, identify this St. AEmilian with another Martyr of the same name, likewise an Armenian, venerated at Trebbia (Trevi) in Central Italy, as first Bishop of that city (4th century).[14]
    • DIONYSIUS, AEMILIAN and SEBASTIAN (SS.) MM. (Feb. 8). (Date unknown). "The Roman Martyrology describes them as Armenian monks; but there have been disputes among the learned as to the nationality of some of them. In reality we are no longer in possession of anything like adequate evidence bearing on their date, lives or martyrdom."[15]
  8. ^ Possibly the same saint as is commemorated on December 21.
  9. ^ Possibly the same saint as is commemorated on February 18.
  10. ^ "AT Palestrina, the birthday of the holy martyr Agapitus. Although only fifteen years of age, as he was fervent in the love of Christ, he was arrested by order of the emperor Aurelian, and scourged a long time. Afterwards, under the prefect Antiochus, he endured more severe torments, and being delivered to the lions by the emperor's order without receiving any injury, he was finally struck with the sword, and thus merited his crown."[6] He is the patron-saint of Palestrina, where as early as the fifth century a church was dedicated to him.
  11. ^ "At Rome, during the persecution of Diocletian, the blessed John and Crispus, priests, who charitably buried the bodies of many saints, and afterwards becoming partakers of their merits, they deserved the joys of eternal life."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p August 18 / August 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Afterfeast of the Dormition of the Mother of God. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Φλῶρος καὶ Λαῦρος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ a b Martyr Florus of Illyria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 18 Αυγούστου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  6. ^ a b c d e f g The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 247-248.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Τὸ Ἅγιο Πλῆθος τῶν Πενήτων (Φτωχῶν). 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Many Saints. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἔρμος (ἢ Ἑρμῆς), Σεραπίων καὶ Πολύαινος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Martyr Hermes of Rome. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ Hieromartyr Emilian. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. ^ The PriestMartyrs Emilian the Bishop, and with him Ilarion, Dionysius and Hermippus. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  13. ^ a b c d e (Russian) 18 августа (ст.ст.) 31 августа 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  14. ^ ""AEMILIAN (St.) Bp. M. (Feb. 8)." In: The Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (Comp.). THE BOOK OF SAINTS: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonised by the Catholic Church: Extracted from the Roman & Other Martyrologies. London: A. & C. Black, Ltd., 1921. p. 5.
  15. ^ "DIONYSIUS, AEMILIAN and SEBASTIAN (SS.) MM. (Feb. 8)." In: The Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (Comp.). THE BOOK OF SAINTS: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonised by the Catholic Church: Extracted from the Roman & Other Martyrologies. London: A. & C. Black, Ltd., 1921. p. 80.
  16. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Βαρνάβας, Σωφρόνιος καὶ Χριστόφορος. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ St Barnabas of Asia Minor. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ St Christopher of Gazara. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. ^ St John the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  20. ^ St George the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Γεώργιος καὶ Ἰωάννης Πατριάρχες Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἰουλιανὴ ἡ Μάρτυς πλησίον τοῦ Στροβίλου. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λέων ὁ Μάρτυρας. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Τέσσερις Ὅσιοι Ἀσκητὲς. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ 4 Ascetics. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ a b c d e f August 31 / August 18. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  27. ^ Venerable Macarius the Monk of Pelekete. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  28. ^ Repose of the Venerable John the Abbot of Rila. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  29. ^ a b c d e f August 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  30. ^ Menologion: The Eighteenth Day Day of the Month of August. Orthodoxy in China.
  31. ^ Venerable Christodoulos the Philosopher. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σωφρόνιος ὁ Ἁγιορείτης. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  33. ^ Venerable Sophronius of St Anne Skete, Mt. Athos. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  34. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 61.
  35. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. August. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  36. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἀνακομιδὴ Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ὁσίου Ἀρσενίου τοῦ νέου τοῦ ἐν Πάρῳ. 18 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  37. ^ Venerable Arsenius of Paros. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  38. ^ Icon of the Mother of God, the “Directress”. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources