August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach (pronounced [ˈaʊɡʊst ˈhaɪnrɪç ˈʁuːdɔlf ˈɡriːzəbax]) was a German botanist and phytogeographer. Born in Hannover on April 17, 1814, he died at Göttingen on May 9, 1879.
Grisebach studied at the Lyceum in Hanover, the cloister-school at Ilfeld, and the University of Göttingen. He graduated in medicine from the University of Berlin in 1836. He undertook expeditions to the Provence, Turkey, the Balkans, and Norway. In 1837 he became associate professor and in 1847 full professor at the medical faculty in Göttingen and was named director of the botanical garden there in 1875. While his main fields of interest were phytogeography and systematics, especially the Gentianaceae and Malpighiaceae, he considered his Flora of the British West Indian Islands his most important work. Much of his collection, especially the types of species described by him, are housed at the Göttingen University Herbarium.
His son Eduard was an author, lawyer and diplomat.
- Die Vegetation der Erde nach Ihrer Klimatischen Anordnung (The Earth's vegetation after its climatic arrangement), 1872 (1st Edition), 1884 (2nd Edition).
- Flora of the British West Indian Islands, Lovell Reeve & Co., London, 1864
- Complete bibliography on WorldCat
- Plantae Wrightianae e Cuba Orientali at Botanicus
- Catalogus plantarum cubensium (Catalog of Plants of Cuba) 1866, at Botanicus
- Plantae Wrightianae e Cuba Orientali by A. Grisebach at the Biodiversity Heritage Library.
- Grisebach, A. (1857) Systematische Untersuchungen über die Vegetation der Karaiben, inbesondere der Insel Guadeloupe at the Biodiversity Heritage Library.
- Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists: Chrono-Biographical Sketches
- Detailed biography at the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
- Biographical entry in Meyers Konversationslexikon
- Obituary in Botanische Zeitung 1879