August Jakobson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Monument in Pärnu
Signature

August Jakobson (born 2 September 1904 in Pärnu, died 23 May 1963 in Tallinn) was an Estonian writer and politician. He was the only Estonian playwright among his contemporaries whose plays were untouched by Soviet censorship and reached other Soviet states.[1] He has been described as the leading Stalinist in Soviet Estonian drama.[2] In the 1960s his work was described as "ideologically militant".[3]

His debut novel, "Vaeste-patuste alev" (1927), won the first place award in a literary competition sponsored by the publishing house Loodus.[4]

He was the head of the Estonian Writers' Union in 1939–1940 and in 1944–1946 (then known as Writers' Union of the Estonian SSR).[5]

From August 1940, Jakobson was a member of a Soviet censorship committee.[3] From 1950 to 1958 he was the head of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic.[6]

Near the Endla Theatre in Pärnu stands a monument for Jakobson.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Vaeste-patuste alev" (1927) (novel)
  • "Elu tsitadellis" (1946) (play)
  • "Võitlus rindejooneta" (1947) (play)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gabrielle H. Cody; Evert Sprinchorn (2007). The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama, Vol 1. Columbia University Press. p. 429. ISBN 0-231-14422-9. 
  2. ^ Kevin O'Connor (2006). Culture and Customs of the Baltic States. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 192. ISBN 0-313-33125-1. 
  3. ^ a b c Neil Taylor (2010). Bradt Estonia (Sixth ed.). Bradt Travel Guides. p. 236. ISBN 1-84162-320-2. 
  4. ^ Linda Kaljundi (2009-02-20). "Eesti lugu: August Jakobson "Vaeste-patuste alev"". Eesti Päevaleht. 
  5. ^ "Nõukogude tagalakirjanikud". Acta Historica Tallinnensia (in Estonian) (Estonian Academy Publishers) 10: 155. 2006. 
  6. ^ Toivo U. Raun (2001). Estonia and the Estonians (Second ed.). Hoover Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-8179-2852-9. 
  • "Eesti kirjanduse ajalugu" part V, book 1. Eesti Raamat, 1987. p 162–172.