August Maus

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August Maus
August Maus.jpg
Born (1915-02-07)7 February 1915
Died 28 September 1996(1996-09-28) (aged 81)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
Rank Kapitänleutnant
Unit SSS Gorch Fock
cruiser Emden
Commands held U-185

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
U-185 sunk on 24 August 1943

August Maus (7 February 1915 – 28 September 1996) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Prior to taking command of U-185 he served as I. Wachoffizier (1st watch officer) on U-68 under the command of Korvettenkapitän Karl-Friedrich Merten.

Maus was captured following the sinking of U-185 and was sent as a prisoner of war to the United States. He was involved in the escape tunnel which enabled 25 POWs to escape from Camp Papago Park, Arizona, during the night of 23–24 December 1944. Due to an injury, he himself did not attempt to escape.

Summary of career[edit]

As a U-boat commander of U-185 August Maus is credited with the sinking of nine ships for a total of 62,761 gross register tons (GRT) and damaging one ship of 6,840 GRT.

Ships attacked[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[1]
7 December 1942 Peter Mærsk  Great Britain 5,476 Sunk
10 March 1943 Virginia Sinclair  USA 6,151 Sunk
10 March 1943 James Sprunt  USA 7,177 Sunk
6 April 1943 John Sevier  USA 7,176 Sunk
9 April 1943 James Robertson  USA 7,176 Sunk
7 July 1943 Thomas Sinnickson  USA 7,176 Sunk
7 July 1943 William Boyce Thompson  USA 7,061 Sunk
7 July 1943 S.B. Hunt  USA 6,840 Sunk
1 August 1943 Bagé  Brazil 8,235 Sunk
6 August 1943 Fort Halkett  Great Britain 7,133 Sunk



  1. ^ "Ships hit by U-185 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats". 
  2. ^ a b c Busch and Röll 2003, p. 386.
  3. ^ Busch and Röll 2003, p. 387.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 531.
  • Busch, Hans-Joachim; Röll (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2. 
  • Moore, John Hammond (2006). The Faustball Tunnel: German POWs in America and Their Great Escape. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-526-4.
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]

  • "August Maus". Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  • "August Maus". Lexikon der Wehrmacht (in German). Retrieved 27 September 2013.