|• Mayor||Kristey Williams|
|• City Manager||William Keefer|
|• Total||4.75 sq mi (12.30 km2)|
|• Land||4.23 sq mi (10.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.52 sq mi (1.35 km2)|
|Elevation||1,276 ft (389 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,217|
|• Density||2,192.4/sq mi (846.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0474806|
In 1868, C. N. James settled in the area and built a log house to serve also as a general store and trading post. He paid $40.00 for the land title from the U.S Land Office and named the new settlement after his wife, Augusta James. C. N. James' original log cabin still exists at its original location. Built in 1868, the cabin stood one and a half stories tall and was known as the Shamleffer and James Trading Post. The cabin is built of hand-hewn cottonwood logs from along the Walnut River. Some of these logs are 12 to 14 inches in width. The cabin is on the National Register of Historical Places and is one of only two, in the state of Kansas, on its original site. It is one of the oldest landmarks in Butler County. In 2010 it was nominated as one of the " 8 Wonders of Butler County". Over the years, it was used as a boarding house, residence and woodworking shop. In 1939, it was purchased by the Augusta Historical Society, who restored the building and opened it for a museum. Augusta's first school classes were held in the upper loft and it became the meeting place of the Baptist and Methodist churches and the Masonic Lodge.
In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado. In 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City. The rail line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Service from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942. The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.
The Frisco Railroad was later extended through Augusta.
The discovery of oil and natural gas in Butler County lead to further growth and became a major source of employment for many years.
In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.5 miles west of Augusta, north to south through Butler County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).
Augusta is located at , at the confluence of the Walnut and Whitewater Rivers. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.75 square miles (12.30 km2), of which, 4.23 square miles (10.96 km2) is land and 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2) is water.(37.692425, -96.979886)
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,274 people, 3,669 households, and 2,448 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,192.4 inhabitants per square mile (846.5 /km2). There were 3,951 housing units at an average density of 934.0 per square mile (360.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.2% White, 0.4% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.
There were 3,669 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10.
The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,423 people, 3,277 households, and 2,307 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,091.1 people per square mile (807.0/km²). There were 3,585 housing units at an average density of 890.0 per square mile (343.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.07% White, 0.18% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.68% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population.
There were 3,277 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,818, and the median income for a family was $51,886. Males had a median income of $36,465 versus $24,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,094. About 4.1% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Madelyn Dunham, grandmother of Barack Obama.
- Bob Whittaker, U.S. Representative from Kansas; resident of Augusta.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Butler County, Kansas
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
- Railway Abandonment 1942
- Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
- Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "WHITTAKER, Robert Russell, (1939 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- History of Butler County Kansas; Vol P Mooney; Standard Publishing; 869 pages; 1916. (Download 68MB PDF eBook)
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Augusta, Kansas.|
- City of Augusta
- Augusta - Directory of Public Officials
- Downtown Augusta
- Augusta Chamber of Commerce
- USD 402, local school district