Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke

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Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke
Augusta and Jacqueline Dejerine-Klumpke.jpg
Augusta and Jacqueline Déjerine-Klumpke
Born 15 October 1859
San Francisco, California
Died 5 November 1927 (aged 68)
Paris, France
Nationality United States
Fields neuroanatomy
Influences Joseph Jules Dejerine
Jules and Augusta Dejerine

Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke (15 October 1859 – 5 November 1927) was an American-born French physician known for her work in neuroanatomy. She was the first female intern to work in a hospital in Paris.[1][2]

From a young age, Klumpke's family was supportive of her medical ambitions, going as far as to move to Paris so she and her sisters Anna Elizabeth Klumpke and Dorothea Klumpke could follow their pursuits. Despite facing scorn for being a woman in the medical field, she continued working on her medical studies both inside and outside the classroom, going as far as to work at laboratories at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. She eventually went on to gain a reputation for her skills in the medical field and linguistically being able to speak both English and German. This led to her, along with Blanche Edwards-Pillet, being the first women externs in Paris Hospitals.[2]

During this time period, she explained what is today called Klumpke paralysis, or an injury to the nerves controlling arm movement. Ironically, she worked under Alfred Vulpian, the dean at her former medical school who opposed her attending medical school since she was both a woman and quite young at the time.[2]

During her life, her name appeared in fifty-six articles, some of which she had written herself. She also co-authored a two-volume book on the anatomy of nerve centers called Anatomie des Centres Nerveux with her husband Joseph Jules Dejerine. Klumpke was a member of several scientific societies, including the Société de Biologie (being the first elected female member) and the Société de Neurologie de Paris. She was given awards for her discoveries as well, including Officier de la Légion d'honneur and Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ulgen BO, Brumblay H, Yang LJ, Doyle SM, Chung KC (August 2008). "Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke, M.D. (1859–1927): a historical perspective on Klumpke's palsy". Neurosurgery 63 (2): 359–66; discussion 366–7. doi:10.1227/01.+NEU.0000320420.25035.A7. PMID 18797367. 
  2. ^ a b c d Creese, Mary (2004). Ladies in the Laboratory II. PO Box 317 Oxford OX2 9RU, UK: Scarecrow Press. pp. 61–63. LCCN 2003020846. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Yildirim, F B; Sarikcioglu L (Jan 2008). "Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke (1859–1927) and her eponym". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 79 (1): 102. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2007.123448. PMID 18079304. 
  • Shoja, Mohammadali M; Tubbs R Shane (Aug 2007). "Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke: the first female neuroanatomist". Clinical Anatomy 20 (6): 585–7. doi:10.1002/ca.20474. PMID 17330887. 
  • Bogousslavsky, Julien (2005). "The Klumpke family—memories by Doctor Déjerine, born Augusta Klumpke". Eur. Neurol. 53 (3): 113–20. doi:10.1159/000085554. PMID 15860915. 
  • Ole Daniel Enersen. "Augusta Marie Dejerine-Klumpke". Whonamedit? A dictionary of medical eponyms. Retrieved 28 May 2014.