Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern

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Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern.jpg
Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarves (in exile)
Tenure 4 September 1913 – 2 July 1932
Spouse Manuel II of Portugal
Count Robert Douglas
Full name
Auguste Viktoria Wilhelmine Antonie Mathilde Ludovika Josephine Maria Elisabeth[1]
House House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father William, Prince of Hohenzollern
Mother Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Born (1890-08-19)19 August 1890
Potsdam, German Empire
Died 29 August 1966(1966-08-29) (aged 76)
Eigeltingen, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany
Burial Langenstein Castle

Princess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern (19 August 1890 – 29 August 1966) was a German princess. She was the wife of King Manuel II of Portugal but never reigned as Queen, since they married following his deposition.[2][3]

Family[edit]

She was born in Potsdam, a daughter of William, Prince of Hohenzollern, sometime heir presumptive to the throne of the kingdom of Romania, (1864–1927) and his first wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.[2][3]

Her paternal grandparents were Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern and Infanta Antónia of Portugal, one of the heiresses to the throne of Portugal.[2][3] Her maternal grandparents were Prince Louis, Count of Trani and Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria.

Louis was the eldest son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria. Mathilde was the fourth daughter of Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria.

Maria Theresa was a daughter of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg. The Archduke was a son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Louisa of Spain.

She was a paternal niece of King Ferdinand I of Romania.

Marriage and later life[edit]

On 4 September 1913, Augusta Victoria married Manuel II of Portugal.[2][3] He had succeeded to the Portuguese throne with the assassination of his father Carlos I of Portugal and older brother Luís Filipe, Duke of Braganza on 1 February 1908. He had been deposed by the 5 October 1910 revolution, resulting in the establishment of the Portuguese First Republic. The bride was twenty-three years old and the groom twenty-four.

Manuel died on 2 July 1932, at Fulwell Park, Twickenham, Middlesex, England. There were no children from this marriage. On 23 April 1939, Augusta Victoria married her second husband, Count Robert Douglas,[2][3] the 13th head of the Swedish comital house of Douglas, lord of Langenstein Castle in Baden and heir of the Mühlhausen fideicommiss/entail (the eldest son of Count Ludvig Douglas). The bride was almost forty-nine years old and the groom fifty-nine. There were also no children from this marriage. Douglas died on 26 August 1955. Augusta died at Eigeltingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, aged 76.

Titles and Styles[edit]

  • 19 August 1890 – 4 September 1913: Her Serene Highness Princess Augusta Viktoria of Hohenzollern
  • 4 September 1913 – 2 July 1932: Her Most Faithful Majesty The Queen of Portugal and the Algarves
  • 2 July 1932 – 23 April 1939: Her Most Faithful Majesty The Dowager Queen of Portugal and the Algarves
  • 23 April 1939 – 29 August 1966: Her Serene Highness Princess Augusta Viktoria of Hohenzollern, Countess Douglas

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha
  2. ^ a b c d e Paul Theroff. "HOHENZOLLERN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Auguste Viktoria Prinzessin von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen". thePeerage.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 

Sources[edit]

  • McNaughton, C. Arnold. The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy.
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 19 August 1890 Died: 29 August 1966
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Amélie of Orléans
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of Portugal and Algarves
4 September 1913 – 2 July 1932
Reason for succession failure:
Republic declared
Succeeded by
Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza