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Sebastia/Shomron/Samaria. Originally 25 metres high, remaining base of Augusteum temple at summit of the Samaria hilltop.
For modern buildings of this title, see Augusteum (Leipzig) and Augusteum (Wittenberg).

An Augusteum (plural Augustea) was originally a site of imperial cult in ancient Roman religion, named after the imperial title of Augustus. It was known as a Sebasteion in the Greek East of the Roman Empire. Examples have been excavated in Sebaste/Samaria, Constantinople, Aphrodisias, Antioch and Cartagena.

Since the 18th century the term has also been used for certain academic buildings, such as the Augustea in Leipzig, Wittenberg, and Oldenburg.

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