Sir Augustus Clifford
Bt Kt CB MP
|Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod|
25 July 1832 – 8 February 1877
|Preceded by||Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Knollys|
|Born||Augustus William James Clifford
26 May 1788
|Died||8 February 1877
Palace of Westminster
|Spouse(s)||Lady Elizabeth Frances Townshend
(1813-1862; her death)
|Relations||The Duke of Devonshire
Lady Elizabeth Foster
|Children||William John Cavendish Clifford|
|Years of service||1800-1866|
|Rank||Admiral of the Red|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of the Bath
Clifford was born in France in 1788, the illegitimate son of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire (and 7th Baron Clifford) (1748–1811), and Lady Elizabeth Foster (1759–1824), daughter of Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol. Not long after his birth, his mother brought him to England, to be wet-nursed by Louisa Augusta Marshall, wife of the Revd John Marshall, curate at Clewer, near Windsor, Berkshire. Clifford was educated at Harrow School, 1796-99. His parents married in 1809, their respective spouses having died.
He married, on 20 October 1813, Lady Elizabeth Frances Townshend (2 August 1789–10 April 1862 Nice), sister of John Townshend, 4th Marquess Townshend. Each of his sons, Capt William RN, Robert and Charles succeeded their father in turn as the second, third and fourth (and final) baronets.
Clifford entered the Royal Navy as a midshipman in May 1800, and was promoted to a lieutenancy in 1806. He served at the reduction of Ste. Lucie and Tobago in 1803, and throughout the operations in Egypt during 1807. He was at the capture of a convoy in the Bay of Rosas in 1809 (for which he received a medal) and in the operations on the coast of Italy 1811–12.
After this, as captain, he was for many years actively employed in naval duties, being several times mentioned in the London Gazette for his courage in cutting-out expeditions and on other occasions. For some time he was engaged in attendance on the Lord High Admiral, the Duke of Clarence, afterwards William IV, and in 1828 he took Lord William Bentinck out to India as governor-general. This was his last service afloat, and he was not actively employed after 1831.
He was Member of Parliament for Bandon 1818–20; for Dungarvan, 1820–2; and again for Bandon from 23 July 1831 to 3 Dec. 1832. He was nominated a Commander of the Order of the Bath on 8 December 1815, knighted on 4 August 1830, and created a baronet on 4 August 1838. His half-brother, the 6th Duke of Devonshire (then Lord Chamberlain), appointed him on 25 July 1832 Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, which office he held, much to his satisfaction, until his death. On various occasions between 1843 and 1866 he acted as deputy lord great chamberlain of England, in the absence of Lord Willoughby d'Eresby.
- 23 July 1812. The Navy List.
- The Navy List, 1848.
- The Navy List, 1856.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Clifford, Augustus William James". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Portraits of Sir Augustus William James Clifford, 1st Bt at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Augustus Clifford
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
William Sturges Bourne
|Member of Parliament for Bandon
1818 – 1820
James Bernard, Viscount Bernard
|Member of Parliament for Dungarvan
1820 – 1822
Francis Bernard, Viscount Bernard
|Member of Parliament for Bandon
1831 – 1832
William Smyth Bernard
Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt
Sir William Knollys
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
of the Navy
William, 2nd Baronet